Sacro Monte di Crea
The Sacro Monte di Crea (literally "Sacred Mountain of Crea", although it is built on a hill rather than a mountain) is a Roman Catholic sanctuary in the comune of Serralunga di Crea, Piedmont, northern Italy. It is reached via a steeply ascending route which winds through a wooded natural park, whose flora where catalogued by the Casalese photographer and polymath Francesco Negri.
Construction began in 1589, around an existing sanctuary dedicated to the Virgin Mary whose creation is traditionally attributed to Saint Eusebius of Vercelli, around 350 AD. Eusebius is also said to have installed the statue of the Madonna which is still venerated in the sanctuary.
The chapels dedicated to the Mysteries of the Rosary were positioned around the one-thousand-year-old Marian sanctuary on the highest of the hills of Basso Monferrato . As time passed the initial scheme of the monumental layout was altered on a number of occasions and in 1820 significant restoration work began after its partial destruction.
Since 1980, woods and a few agricultural land surrounding the Sacro Monte have been preserved as the Parco naturale del Sacro Monte di Crea, whose area is 34 hectares (84.0 acres) where visitors can admire some plant species no longer widely found elsewhere.
- Ministero dell'Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare, Elenco ufficiale delle aree protette (EUAP) - 5º Aggiornamento approvato con Delibera della Conferenza Stato Regioni del 24 luglio 2003; published on the Supplemento ordinario n. 144 of the Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 205 of September 4th 2003.
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- Sacro Monte di Crea (in English)
- Official website (in Italian)
- Official web site for European Sacred Mounts (in Italian) (in English)
- MonferratoArte: Crea (in Italian) from a historical and bibliographical directory of artists active in the extra-urban Churches of the Diocese of Casale Monferrato.
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