Sadaat Amroha

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Saadat-e-Amroha or Amrohvi Sayyid
Regions with significant populations
 India Pakistan
Languages
UrduHindiKhari Boli
Religion
Allah-green.svg Islam
Related ethnic groups
SayyidArabSayyid of Uttar PradeshGardezi SadaatSadaat-e-BilgramDakoha SadaatSaadat-e-Bara

The Sadaat Amroha or Amrohi Syed are a community of Sayyids, historically settled in the town of Amroha, in Uttar Pradesh, India.[1] Many members of Sadaat Amroha community migrated to Pakistan after independence and settled in Karachi, Sindh.

History and origin[edit]

The town of Amroha is home to one of the oldest Naqvi Sadat settlements in India. Naqvis in Amroha arrived from Wasit, Iraq and have resided in the town of Amroha since the 1190s A.D.[2]

The Sadaat Amroha belong mainly to the Naqvi sub-group, because they are all descendants of the Sufi saint Hazrat Syed Sharfuddin Shah Wilayat (a true 9th direct descendant of Imam Ali Al-Naqi), who was a highly respected religious figure in Wasit, Iraq, and later in India during the early ages of Islam in the Indian subcontinent and the khalifa of Hazrat Imam Suhrawardi R. The majority of Amrohvie Sadaat are Naqvi, predominately of Shia sects. According to the 1901 Census of India, the main sub-division of the Sayyid was the Husseini and Naqvi.

Syed Hussain Sharfuddin Shah Wilayat Naqvi[edit]

Syed Hussain Sharfuddin Shah Wilayat Naqvi (Arabic: سید حسین شرف الدين شاه ولايت ‎‎) was a prominent 16th-century Sufi or Makhdoom.[3] He is the ninth descendant of Ali al-Hadi.

He was born in Wasit in present-day Iraq and migrated to what is now Amroha in Uttar Pradesh, India.

He was a nephew of Hazrat Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari and the ancestor of Syed Muhammad Mir Ali Naqvi known as Mir Adal, the Chief Justice of the court of Akbar the Great, who served on the court from 1579–1581.

"Adal" means "equitableness" in Urdu. He was awarded this title because of his great courage and justice in dealing with war prisoners in the Second Battle of Panipat. Syed Muhammad Mir was also governor of Sindh and Mir Saiyyed Dost Ali Naqvi who fought with exemplary bravery in the Third Battle of Panipat along with the Nawab of Najibabad (against the Marathas) and almost died in action.[citation needed]

First Urdu poet of north India, Ismaeel Amrohvi and Meer Saadat Ali Saadat Amrohvi, the mentor of Mer Taqi Meer, the most distinguished Urdu poet were also the descendants of Syed Hussain Sharfuddin Shah Wilayat Naqvi.[citation needed]

Local legend says that the animals that live in his mazar (shrine), especially scorpions, never harm humans.[citation needed]

Present circumstances[edit]

The Sadaat Amroha are now divided among those that have remained in India, and a sizeable community that has emigrated to Pakistan. The Anjuman Sadaat Amroha is the community's main organization.[4]

They are also now found among the South Asian diapora, with communities in North America. The Sadaat Amroha are an Urdu speaking community, and rarely use dialects such as Khari boli.

References[edit]

  1. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Three by K S Singh page 1248
  2. ^ A Socio-Intellectual History of the Ithna ashari Shia in India by S A Rizvi
  3. ^ http://www.aulia-e-hind.com/dargah/Amroha.htm
  4. ^ http://www.amrohatimes.com/php/wsocities/socity_asad.php

External links[edit]

Sadat-e-Amroah Pakistan