|Regions with significant populations|
|India • Pakistan|
|Urdu • Hindi • Khari Boli|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Sayyid • Arab • Sayyid of Uttar Pradesh • Gardezi Sadaat • Sadaat-e-Bilgram • Dakoha Sadaat • Saadat-e-Bara|
| Part of a series on Islam
Sufism and Tariqat
The Sadaat Amroha or Amrohi Syed are a community of Sayyids, historically settled in the town of Amroha, in Uttar Pradesh, India. Many members of Sadaat Amroha community migrated to Pakistan after independence and settled in Karachi, Sindh.
History and origin
The Sadaat Amroha belong mainly to the Naqvi sub-group, because they are all descendants of the Sufi saint Hazrat Syed Sharfuddin Shah Wilayat (a true 9th direct descendant of Imam Ali Al-Naqi), who was a highly respected religious figure in Wasit, Iraq, and later in India during the early ages of Islam in the Indian subcontinent and the khalifa of Hazrat Imam Suhrawardi R. The majority of Amrohvie Sadaat are Naqvi, predominately of Shia sects. According to the 1901 Census of India, the main sub-division of the Sayyid was the Husseini and Naqvi.
Syed Hussain Sharfuddin Shah Wilayat Naqvi
He was a nephew of Hazrat Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari and the ancestor of Syed Muhammad Mir Ali Naqvi known as Mir Adal, the Chief Justice of the court of Akbar the Great, who served on the court from 1579–1581.
"Adal" means "equitableness" in Urdu. He was awarded this title because of his great courage and justice in dealing with war prisoners in the Second Battle of Panipat. Syed Muhammad Mir was also governor of Sindh and Mir Saiyyed Dost Ali Naqvi who fought with exemplary bravery in the Third Battle of Panipat along with the Nawab of Najibabad (against the Marathas) and almost died in action.
First Urdu poet of north India, Ismaeel Amrohvi and Meer Saadat Ali Saadat Amrohvi, the mentor of Mer Taqi Meer, the most distinguished Urdu poet were also the descendants of Syed Hussain Sharfuddin Shah Wilayat Naqvi.
- People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Three by K S Singh page 1248
- A Socio-Intellectual History of the Ithna ashari Shia in India by S A Rizvi