|Sadako Ogata at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012|
|President of the Japan International Cooperation Agency|
October 2003 – April 2012
|Succeeded by||Akihiko Tanaka|
|United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees|
|Preceded by||Thorvald Stoltenberg|
|Succeeded by||Ruud Lubbers|
|Born||中村 貞子 (Nakamura Sadako?)
16 September 1927
|Alma mater||University of the Sacred Heart
Sadako Ogata (緒方 貞子 Ogata Sadako?, born 16 September 1927), is a Japanese academic, diplomat, author, administrator and professor emeritus at Sophia University. She is widely known for the post of the decade as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, as well as the Chairman of the UNICEF Executive Board and as the President of the Japan International Cooperation Agency.
Sadako Nakamura (Ogata) was born on 16 September 1927 to a career diplomat father. Her mother was the daughter of Foreign Minister Kenkichi Yoshizawa and granddaughter of Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi, who was assassinated when Sadako was four years old. The family influenced her interest in international politics. In her childhood, she lived in the USA and China due to her father's move.
After grown up, she attended the Catlin Gabel School, class of 1946, and graduated from University of the Sacred Heart, Tokyo. After that, she studied abroad at Georgetown University and its Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service in the USA. It was not common for a Japanese woman to study abroad at that time in Japan, even though the democratic days came after WWII, however, she decided to study the cause of the defeated war at the university in the USA. She was awarded a PhD in political science from the University of California, Berkeley in 1963, after she completed the research report on the policy formation of the foundation of Manchukuo by Japan in 1931. In 1965, she became a lecturer at International Christian University. After 1980, she taught international politics at Sophia University as professor and later became Dean of faculty of Foreign Studies until the leave for UNHCR in 1991.
Sadako Nakamura married, in 1960, Shijuro Ogata (1927-2014), an official of Bank of Japan., later an Executive Director of Bank of Japan and a son of Taketora Ogata, and after the marriage, her name changed to Sadako Ogata. She has one son and one daughter.
Sadako Ogata was appointed to be positioned as a Japanese member of the UN mission in 1968, on the recommendation of Fusae Ichikawa, a Senator of Japan and a famous woman activist, who highly assessed Ogata. After that, she represented Japan at several sessions of the General Assembly — in 1970. In addition, she served from 1978-79 as envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary at the permanent mission of Japan to the United Nations, and as the Chairman of the UNICEF Executive Board.
In 1990, she was nominated and appointed as the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. The presumed term was only about two years, the remaining days of the abruptly left predecessor's term. But, after arrival at the post in 1991, her leadership & active works made her stay from 1991 until 2001, because what she did was unprecedented and respectable. She made efforts to set effective strategies and tasks for the refugees and helped countless refugees escaped from despair. For examples Kurdish refugees after Gulf war, the refugees in Yugoslav Wars, the refugees after Rwandan Genocide, Afghan refugees, namely, victims of the tragedies after Cold War, since 1990s.
After 2001, she was appointed the co-chairperson of UN Human Security Commission and she engaged in the reminiscences of her works for the refugees at home in NY. After September 11 attacks, in 2002, she was chosen as Special Representative of the Prime Minister of Japan on Reconstruction Assistance to Afghanistan in order to support the reconstruction of Afghanistan. Next year, going back to Tokyo, Japan, she was positioned as the president of the Japan International Cooperation Agency on 1 October 2003, chosen by the Japanese Government. Though she was over 70 years, she was appointed as the post due to her abilities and her leadership. It was reported that young officials of JICA, Japan International Cooperation Agency, expressed their strong hope for her inauguration, from 2002. She continued to work as the president of JICA more than two terms, over eight years, in spite of her age. She retired in April 2012 to be succeeded by Akihiko Tanaka.
- 1994 Prize For Freedom by the Liberal International
- 1995 Liberty Medal
- 1997 Ramon Magsaysay Award
- 2000 Seoul Peace Prize
- 2001 Order of Friendship of Russia
- 2001 Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany Commander Crosse
- 2001 Commander of the Légion d'honneur
- 2001 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- 2001 Commander First Class of the Order of the Polar Star of Sweden
- 2001 Indira Gandhi Prize
- 2002 Fulbright Prize for International Understanding
- 2005 World Citizenship Award
- 2008 Grand Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau of the Netherlands
- 2011 Honorary Dame Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George (DCMG)
- 2011 Medal of the Friendship of Nations (Danaker Medal) of Kyrgyzstan
- 2013 Band of the Orden del Águila Azteca
Ms Ogata is an Eminent Member of the Sergio Vieira de Mello Foundation.
- "If we ignore the plight of the refugees or the burden of the countries which have received them, I fear we will pay a heavy toll in renewed violence. Conditions must be created urgently to allow the refugees to go back and live in peace and tolerance in their own country." — Liberty Medal acceptance speech, 4 July 1995
- Wessels, David et al. (1996). "Sadako Ogata" in Women in Law: a Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook, p. 222., p. 222, at Google Books
- Wessels, p. 219., p. 219, at Google Books
- Wessels, p. 221., p. 221, at Google Books
- "Cultural Highlights; From the Japanese Press (1 August – 31 October 2001)", Japan Foundation Newsletter, Vol. XXIX, No. 2, p. 7.
- "Sadako Ogata receives Japan's Order of Culture," International Nursing Review (2004 March), Vol. 51, No. 1, p. 12.
- "Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca a ciudadanos Japoneses" (in Spanish). Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- Liberty Medal acceptance speech, 4 July 1995
- Salokar, Rebecca Mae and Mary L Volcansek. (1996). Women in Law: a Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press; 10-ISBN 0313294100, ISBN 9780313294105; OCLC 34284024
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sadako Ogata.|
- United Nations, bio notes