Saddle joint

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Saddle joint
Gelenke Zeichnung01.jpg
1: Ball and socket joint; 2: Condyloid joint (Ellipsoid); 3: Saddle joint; 4 Hinge joint; 5: Pivot joint;
Ligaments of wrist. Posterior view.
Latinarticulatio sellaris
Anatomical terminology

In a saddle joint (sellar joint, articulation by reciprocal reception) the opposing surfaces are reciprocally concave-convex.


The movements are as same as in the condyloid joint; that is to say, flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, and circumduction are allowed; but no axial rotation. Saddle joints are said to be biaxial, allowing movement in the sagittal and frontal planes.

The only saddle joints in the human body are the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb and the sternoclavicular joints.[1]


  1. ^ "Saddle joint - Definition, Movements, Examples and Diagrams".

This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 286 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

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