Sade (singer)

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Sade Adu 1.jpg
Background information
Birth name Helen Folasade Adu
Born (1959-01-16) 16 January 1959 (age 56)
Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
Origin London, England
Years active 1983–present
Musical career
Labels Portrait, Epic, RCA
Associated acts Sade

Helen Folasade Adu, OBE (Yoruba: Fọláṣadé Adú; born 16 January 1959), known as Sade (/ʃɑːˈd/ shah-DAY), is a British Nigerian singer, songwriter, composer, and record producer. Following a brief stint of studying fashion design and modelling Adu began back up singing for a band named Pride, during this time she attracted attention from record labels and along with other members left Pride and formed Sade. Following a record deal Sade and her eponymous band released their debut album Diamond Life (1984), the album was a commercial success and sold over six million copies, becoming one of the top-selling debut recordings of the '80s and the best-selling debut ever by a British female vocalist.

Following the release of the band's debut album they went on to release a string of multi-platinum selling albums, their follow up Promise was released in 1985 and peaked at number one in the UK Albums Chart and the US Billboard 200 and went on to sell four million copies in the US. Sade would later go on to make her acting debut in the film Absolute Beginners, before the release of the band's albums Stronger Than Pride (1988), Love Deluxe (1992) and Lovers Rock (2000) all of which went multi-platinum in the US. After the release of Lovers Rock the band embarked on a ten-year hiatus in which Sade raised her daughter. Following the hiatus the band returned with their sixth album Soldier of Love (2010) which became a commercial success and won a Grammy award.

Sade has been nominated six times for the Brit Award for Best British Female.[1] In 2002, she was awarded an OBE for services to music, and she dedicated her award to "all black women in England".[2] In 2012, Sade was listed at No. 30 on VH1's 100 Greatest Women In Music.[3] Sade has a contralto vocal range.[4]

Early life[edit]

Sade was born in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.[5] Her middle name, Folasade, means "honour confers your crown".[6] Her parents, Adebisi Adu, a Nigerian lecturer in economics of Yoruba background, and Anne Hayes, an English district nurse, met in London, married in 1955 and moved to Nigeria.[5][7] Her parents separated, however, and Anne Hayes returned to England, taking four-year-old[8] Sade and older brother Banji with her to live with their grandparents just outside Colchester, Essex. When Sade was 11 years old, she moved to Holland-on-Sea, Essex, to live with her mother,[9] and after completing school at 18 she moved to London and studied at Saint Martin's School of Art.[5][8]


Beginnings and breakthrough[edit]

Sade Adu 2.jpg

After studying fashion design, and later modeling briefly, Sade began backup singing with British band Pride, during this time she formed a writing partnership with Pride's guitarist/saxophonist Stuart Matthewman; together, backed by Pride's rhythm section, they began doing their own sets at Pride gigs.[10] Her solo performances of the song "Smooth Operator" attracted the attention of record companies, and in 1983 Sade and Matthewman split from Pride along with keyboardist Andrew Hale, bassist Paul Denman and drummer Paul Cooke to form the band Sade.[5][10] By the time she performed her first show at London's Heaven nightclub she had become so popular that 1,000 people were turned away at the door.[7] In May 1983, Sade performed their first US show at the Danceteria Club in New York City. They received more attention from the media and record companies and separated finally. On 18 October 1983 Sade Adu signed with Epic Records, while the rest of the band signed in 1984.[11]

Following the record deal the group began recording their debut album, Diamond Life took six weeks to record and was recorded completely at The Power Plant in London.[12] Diamond Life was released in 1984, reached number two in the UK Album Chart, sold over 1.2 million copies in the UK, and won the Brit Award for Best British Album in 1985.[13] The album was also a hit internationally, reaching number one in several countries and the top ten in the US where it has sold in excess of 4 million copies. Diamond Life had international sales of over 6 million copies, becoming one of the top-selling debut recordings of the '80s and the best-selling debut ever by a British female vocalist.[10]

Your Love Is King was released as the albums lead single on 25 February 1984, the song was a success in European territories charting at number seven in Ireland and number six on the UK Singles Chart.[14][15] The song was less successful in the US where it peaked at number fifty four on the US Billboard Hot 100[16] The third single Smooth Operator became the most successful song in the US from the album, Smooth Operator was first released on 15 September 1984. In Europe the song fared well peaking at number nineteen in the UK,[17] the song also reached the top twenty in Austria, Switzerland, France and Germany.[18][19] The song was a huge success in the US where it peaked at number five on the US Billboard Hot 100 and the US Billboard Hot Black Singles, as well as peaking at number one on the US Billboard Adult Contemporary chart.[20]

Acting debut, continued success and hiatus[edit]

Sade Adu in 2011.

In late 1985, Sade released their second album, Promise, which peaked at No. 1 in both the UK and the US.[21][22] "Promise" became the bands first album to reach number one on the US Billboard 200, the album reached the summit in 1986 and spent two weeks at the peak position[23] and went on to sell four million copies in the region and was certified four times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.[24] The album spawned two singles "Never as Good as the First Time" and "The Sweetest Taboo," the latter of which was released as the albums lead single and stayed on the US Hot 100 for six months.[25] "The Sweetest Taboo" peaked at number five on the US Billboard Hot 100, one on the US adult Contemporary chart and number three on the US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks.[26] Sade was so popular that some radio stations reinstated the '70s practice of playing album tracks, adding "Is It a Crime" and "Tar Baby" to their playlists.[25] The following year in 1986 the band won a Grammy Award for Best New Artist.[27]

In 1986 Sade made her acting debut in Absolute Beginners, a film adapted from the Colin MacInnes book of the same name about life in late 1950s London. Sade played the role of Athene Duncannon and lent her vocals to the films accompanying soundtrack.[28] The film was screened out of competition at the 1986 Cannes Film Festival and grossed £1.8 million in the UK.[29] Sade's third album, Stronger Than Pride, was released in May 1988, like Sade's previous albums "Stronger Than Pride" became a commercial success and was certified three times platinum in the US.[24] "Stronger Than Pride" was promoted by four singles, the albums second single "Paradise" peaked at number sixteen on the US Billboard Hot 100 and peaked at number one the US Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, becoming the bands first single to do so.[30]

"Love Deluxe" was released as the band's fourth studio album on 26 October 1992, the album peaked at number three on the US Billboard 200[31] and has sold 3.4 million copies in the United States.[32] The album was later certified four times platinum by the RIAA for shipments of four million copies.[33] The album was also commercially successful else where reaching number one in France,[34] and reaching the top ten in New Zealand,[35] Sweden,[36] Switzerland[37] and the UK.[38] The album went on to be certified Gold in the United Kingdom. In November 1994 the group released their first compilation album, The Best of Sade, the album was another top ten hit in both the United Kingdom and the United States,[39] the compilation was certified Platinum in the UK and Quadruple-Platinum in the US respectively.[40] The compilation album included Sade's previous material from her previous albums as well as a cover of Please Send Me Someone to Love originally performed by Percy Mayfield.[41]

Lovers Rock and second hiatus[edit]

The Lovers Rock Tour promotional poster

Following an eight-year hiatus Sade released their fifth studio album Lovers Rock, the album was released to positive reviews from music critics.[42] The album reached number eighteen on the UK Albums Chart and number three on the US Billboard 200 and has since been certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA),[43] having sold 3.9 million copies in the United States by February 2010.[44] On 27 February 2002, the album earned Sade the Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album.[45] "By Your Side" was released as the lead single from the album, the track was nominated for the 2002 Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, losing out to Nelly Furtado's "I'm Like a Bird" and has been listed as the 48th greatest love song of all time by VH1.[46]

To promote the album Sade and the band embarked on their fifth concert tour entitled Lovers Rock Tour. The tour was announced via Sade's website in April 2001.[47] The announcement stated the tour would begin in the summer of 2001 with 30 shows. Initial dates were rescheduled due to extended rehearsal time. The shows sold well, with many stops adding additional shows. In August 2001, the tour was extended by eight weeks, due to ticket demand.[48] Deemed by many critics as a comeback tour, it marks the band's first performances since 1994 and last until 2011. Although many believed the trek would expand to other countries, this did not come to fruition. With over 40 shows, it became the 13th biggest tour in North America, earning over 26 million.[49]

Following the tour Sade released their first live album Lovers Live, released on 5 February 2002 by Epic Records. Lovers Live reached number ten on the US Billboard 200 and number fifty-one on the UK Albums Chart, Sade's first album to miss the top twenty in the UK. The album was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America on 7 March 2002, having sold US sales of 562,000 copies,[44] while the DVD was certified platinum on 30 January 2003 for shipping 100,000 copies. Following the release of Lovers Rock (2000) Sade took a ten-year hiatus, during which she raised her daughter and moved to the Caribbean. During this time Sade made only one rare public appearance: this took place in 2002 in order to accept an OBE at Buckingham Palace for services to music. Later she moved to the Gloucestershire countryside where, in 2005, she bought a run-down, stone-built cottage near Stroud to renovate .[50] In 2002, she appeared on the Red Hot Organization's Red Hot and Riot, a compilation CD in tribute to the music of fellow Nigerian musician, Fela Kuti. She recorded a remix of her hit single, "By Your Side", for the album and was billed as a co-producer.

Recent projects[edit]

Sade Adu and Band at the SAP-Arena, Mannheim, Germany, in 2011.

In 2010, The Sunday Times named her the most successful solo British female artist in history.[5] Sade's sixth studio album Soldier of Love was released worldwide on 8 February 2010, the band's first album of new material in ten years.[51] Upon release the album received positive reviews and became a success.[52] The album debuted atop the Billboard 200 in the United States with first-week sales of 502,000 copies, becoming Sade's first number-one debut and second number-one album on the chart, as well as the best sales week for an album by a group since AC/DC's Black Ice entered the Billboard 200 at number one in November 2008.[53] Following the release of Soldier of Love, the album became the band's second number one on the US Billboard 200; in doing so the band became the act with the longest hiatus between number one albums, as the band's "Promise" (1986) and "Soldier of Love" (2010) were separated by 23 years, 10 months and 2 weeks.[54]

The first single "Soldier of Love" premiered on US radio on 8 December 2009,[55][56] and was released digitally on 11 January 2010.[57] Subsequent singles "Babyfather" and "The Moon and the Sky" were serviced to US urban AC radio on 13 April and 24 August 2010, respectively.[58][59] At the 53rd Annual Grammy Awards in 2011, the title track won Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals, while the song "Babyfather" was nominated for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals.[60]

In April 2011, the band began their Sade Live tour (also known as the Once in a Lifetime Tour or the Soldier of Love Tour)[61][62] The tour visited Europe, the Americas, Australia and Asia the tour supports the band's sixth studio album, Soldier of Love and their second compilation album, The Ultimate Collection. This trek marks the band's first tour in nearly a decade.[63] The tour ranked 27th in Pollstar's "Top 50 Worldwide Tour (Mid-Year)", earning over 20 million dollars.[64] At the conclusion of 2011, the tour placed tenth on Billboard's annual, "Top 25 Tours", earning over $50 million with 59 shows.[65]

Personal life[edit]

She squatted in Wood Green, North London, in the 1980s, with her then-boyfriend Robert Elms.[66] In 1989, she married Spanish film director Carlos Pliego. Their marriage ended in 1995.[5] She gave birth to a daughter, Mickailia (who studied at Wycliffe College in Gloucestershire), in 1995 after a relationship with Jamaican music producer Bob Morgan. She moved briefly to the Caribbean to live with him in the late 1990s, but they later separated and she returned to England.[67] She lives in the Cotswolds, Gloucestershire, in the English countryside and, prior to the release of Soldier of Love in 2010, the Daily Mail described her as "famously reclusive".[68] On her disavowal of overt fame as well as the label 'recluse', she said in 2012: "Artistically, I have high aspirations. I don’t want to do anything less than the best I can do."[69][relevant? ]


Sade and the band were credited as being Influential to neo soul, the band achieved success in the 1980s with music that featured a sophisti-pop style, incorporating elements of soul, pop, smooth jazz, and quiet storm.[70][71] The band was part of a new wave of British R&B-oriented artists during the late-1980s and early 1990s that also included Soul II Soul, Caron Wheeler, The Brand New Heavies, Simply Red, Jamiroquai, and Lisa Stansfield.[72] AllMusic's Alex Henderson writes that, "Many of the British artists who emerged during that period had a neo-soul outlook and were able to blend influences from different eras".[72] Sade has been nominated six times for the Brit Award for Best British Female.[1]

Sade's US certified sales so far stand at 23.5 million units according to Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA),[73] and have sold more than 50 million units worldwide to date. The band were ranked at No. 50 on VH1's list of the "100 greatest artists of all time."[74][75] In 2012, Sade was listed at No. 30 on VH1's 100 Greatest Women In Music.[3] Sade has a contralto vocal range,[4] that has been described as "husky and restrained" and was compared to Jazz singer Billie Holiday.[76] Following the coining of the term "quiet storm" by Smokey Robinson, Sade was credited for helping give the genre a worldwide audience.[76]

Sade's work has influenced numerous artists. Rapper Missy Elliott cited Sade's performance of "Smooth Operator" as one of her favourites. Tajai, Souls of Mischief, stated he grew up listening to Sade's music, as did Don Will, Tanya Morgan who also described Sade as one of his favorite artists.[77] Other rappers to cite Sade as an influence include Malice, Clipse and Pusha, Clipse. Kanye West also stated he is a fan of Sade.[77] American singer-songwriter Beyonce has cited Sade has an influence, calling Sade's music a "true friend".[78] The late singer Aaliyah noted Sade as an influence stating she admired Sade because "she stays true to her style no matter what... she's an amazing artist, an amazing performer... and I absolutely love her."[79]

American R&B singer Brandy has cited Sade has one of her major vocal influences.[80] Singer Keri Hilson said "My Dad would whistle Sade melodies randomly all the time. As a kid, I used to try to whistle along to "Cherish the Day" or "Sweetest Taboo." He was a real Sade fan and made me one, too!".[77] Rakim stated he grew up listening to Sade's soul music, stated he was influenced by her voice and style, Rakim has also referenced Sade's song "Smooth Operator".[77] Talib Kweli stated he learned about precision from Sade due to her performance of Love Deluxe in its entirety at Madison Square Garden.[77] Singer Jennifer Lopez cited Sade as an influence for her sixth studio album Brave (2007).[81] Kelly Rowland stated she is inspired by Sade Adu and says that "she has a style that's totally her own".[82][83]


For more information on this topic, see Sade discography.


See also[edit]


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External links[edit]