Sadeq Mohammad Khan V

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Nawab General Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V
جنرل نواب سر صادق محمد خان عباسی
The Nawab of the God Gifted Kingdom of Bahawalpur
Sadeq Mohammad Khan.jpg
Nawab of the Bahawalpur State
Reign15 February 1907 – 14 October 1955
PredecessorMohammad Bahawal Khan V
SuccessorState of Bahawalpur abolished
Born(1904-09-29)29 September 1904
Derawar Fort, Bahawalpur, British India
Died24 May 1966(1966-05-24) (aged 61)
London
Burial
The Abbasi Royal Graveyard Derawar Fort
Issue22

Nawab Muhammad Abbas Khan; Abbasi Bahadur; Prince Muhammad Bahawal; Prince Ali Shahbaz; Abbas Khan Abbasi; Prince Muhammad Bahawal Abbas Khan Abbasi;

Sahibzadi Aniza Saher
HouseThe Abbasi Dynasty
Bahawalpur CoA.png
FatherMohammad Bahawal Khan V
MotherBegum Sahiba
ReligionIslam

General Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan V Abbasi GCSI GCIE KCVO (Urdu: جنرل نواب صادق محمد خان عباسی‎) (29 born September 1904, in Derawar – died 24 May 1966, in London) was the Nawab, and later Amir, of Bahawalpur State from 1907 to 1966. He became the Nawab on the death of his father, when he was only three years old. A Council of Regency, with Sir Rahim Bakhsh as its President, ruled on his behalf until 1924.

The Nawab served as an officer with the British Indian Army, fighting in the Third Afghan War (1919) and commanding forces in the Middle East during the Second World War. Under his rule, Bahawalpur State comprised an area larger than Denmark or Belgium. By 1947, its institutions consisted of departments run by trained civil servants; there was a Ministerial Cabinet headed by a Prime Minister; the State Bank was the Bank of Bahawalpur, with branches outside the State, including Karachi, Lahore ; there was a high court and lower courts; a trained police force and an army commanded by officers trained at the Royal Indian Military Academy at Dehra Doon. The Nawab had a keen interest in education, which was free till A level and the State’s Government provided scholarships of merit for higher education. In 1951, the Nawab donated 500 acres in Bahawalpur for the construction of Sadiq Public School. Nawab was known for his relationship with the Quaid-i-Azam (Muhammad Ali Jinnah), Founder of Pakistan.

In August 1947, on the withdrawal of British forces from the subcontinent, the Nawab decided not to accede his State at once to the new Dominion of Pakistan. However, on 3 October 1947, after some delay, he relented, and became the first ruler of a princely state to accede successfully.[1][2] As tens of thousands of Muslim refugees flooded into the state from the new India, he set up the Ameer of Bahawalpur Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation Fund to provide for their relief. In 1953, the Ameer represented Pakistan at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. In 1955 he signed an agreement with the Governor-General of Pakistan, Malik Ghulam Muhammad, under which Bahawalpur became part of the province of West Pakistan, with effect from 14 October 1955, and the Ameer received a yearly privy purse of 32 lakhs of rupees, keeping his titles.[3] The same year, he was promoted to the rank of General in the Pakistan Army.

He died in 1966, aged 62.

Early life[edit]

Sadeq aged 15
Darbar Mahal, was the primary palace of the Nawab

Sir Sadeq Muhammad Khan Abbasi was born at Derawar on 29 September 1904, the only son and heir of Haji Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan Abbasi V, Nawab of the state of Bahawalpur. When only two and a half, his father fell ill and died while at sea off the Aden coast, on 15 February 1907, leaving Sadeq as ruler of Bahawalpur. He was educated at Aitchison College, Lahore. At the age of 15, Sadeq fought in the Third Afghan War in 1919, was knighted in 1922 when he reached his majority and was invested with the throne two years later by Lord Reading.

In 1929 he visited Egypt and was a guest of King Fuad I. Very fond of cars, he bought a Rolls Royce Phantom car, 45WR, body by Thrupp & Maberly, one of the two Cars on display at the Cairo Show.

Ruler of Bahawalpur[edit]

Noor Mahal in Bahawalpur, was one of many palaces of the Nawab

The Bahawalpur State under his rule was considered to be an important sovereign state in Punjab. The Bahawalpur State had a special privilege as it was larger than some states of the present time like Lebanon, Kuwait, Israel and Denmark in respect of area. Its population was two times more than the total population of the United Arab Emirates. Its rulers also enjoyed special protocol and titles conferred by the British since 1866 as they were accorded 17 guns salute and had special access to the Viceroy of British India Bahawalpur state also had a separate mint to cast coins for its public and the facility remained intact until 1940. The British Government established a Regency Council under the supervision of Maulvi Sir Rahim Bakhsh until the minor Nawab grew up as a young man. This Council was responsible for state administration. Special attention was paid to the education and upbringing of Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan. He started his education at a college in Lahore and completed it in England. He had an aptitude for military affairs and achieved several military titles, conferred on him by the British Empire. The Viceroy of India, Lord Reading awarded total authority of the state administration to Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan (V) on 8 March 1924.[4]

Sir Sadiq continued his military career in the British Indian Army, which he had begun as a Lieutenant in 1921; by 1932 he was a Major, by 1941 a Lieutenant-Colonel, commanding troops in the Middle East during the Second World War. Since 1933, he had also been a Member of the Chamber of Princes, and since 1940, a member of the Indian Defence Council. Promoted to Major-General in 1946, the following year, on 15 August 1947, Sir Sadeq was promoted to the title of Amir of Bahawalpur. He acceded to the Dominion of Pakistan a month later.

From the 1930s Sir Sadiq began regularly holidaying in England, purchasing Ardene and the surrounding woodland on the outskirts of Farnham, Surrey. During World War II, this was given over to the community and used as a children's nursery until the end of the war. He then resumed his annual holiday, moving to Selham House near Chichester in 1948.[5]

In 1956, following the concept of Aitchison college, he laid the foundation stone of the biggest School of Asia in Bahawalpur namely Sadiq Public School.

Later life and death[edit]

After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, Nawab proved to be very helpful and generous to the government of Pakistan. He gave seventy million rupees to the government and the salaries of all the government departments for one month were also drawn from the treasury of Bahawalpur state. He gave his private property to the University of the Punjab, King Edward Medical College and the Mosque of Aitchison College, Lahore. At the time of the independence of Pakistan in 1947 all the princely states of the South Asia were given a choice to join either Pakistan or India. To try to convince the Nawab to join India, Pandit Nehru went to him while he was in London and offered various incentives in this regard but he didn’t accept them. On 5 October 1947 he signed an agreement with the government of Pakistan according to which Bahawalpur State acceded to Pakistan. Thus the State of Bahawalpur was the first state that joined Pakistan. The main factor was of course the Islamic sentiments of the Muslims who were in the majority in Bahawalpur. Moreover, the Nawab and Quaid-i-Azam were close friends and they had great respect for each other, even before the creation of Pakistan. The Amir of Bahawalpur Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation Fund was instituted in 1947 for providing a central organization for the relief of refugees fleeing from the new India, and the Quaid acknowledged the valuable contribution of the Bahawalpur State for the rehabilitation of the refugees.[6]

In 1953, Sir Sadiq represented Pakistan at the installation of Faisal II of Iraq and also at the coronation of Elizabeth II, who was also the Queen of Pakistan. In 1955 an accord was signed between Sadiq Mohammad and Governor-General Malik Ghulam Muhammad, according to which the State of Bahawalpur would become part of the province of West Pakistan and the Nawab was to receive a yearly stipend, or privy purse, of 32 lakhs of rupees and was to keep the title of Nawab and its precedence both inside and outside Pakistan. In May 1966 Nawab Sadiq died in London, which ended his long 59 years as Nawab and Ameer of Bahawalpur; his body was brought back to Bahawalpur and was buried in his family's ancestral graveyard at Derawer Fort. His eldest son Haji Muhammad Abbas Khan Abbasi Bahadur succeeded to his father's title of Nawab of Bahawalpur, but with no administrative power. His grandson Nawab Salah-ud-din Ahmed Abbasi currently holds the title of Nawab.[7][8][9]

His descendants of the royal house include: Nawab Muhammad Abbas Khan Abbasi Bahadur; Nawab Salahuddin Ahmed Abbasi (Urdu: نواب صلاح الدین عباسی‬‎) who is a Member of Parliament in Pakistan, Prince Muhammad Bahawal (who studied at Aitchison College in Lahore, and graduated from King's College London with a degree in International Political Economy and joined PTI), Prince Abbas Khan Abbasi, Prince Ali Shahbaz (who studied in Switzerland, Dubai and Georgetown University), Prince Falahuddin Abbasi (who died in London in April 2016 from cancer), Begum of Bahawalpur and Shahzadi Aniza Saher.[10][11][12]

Titles[edit]

  • 1904–1907: Nawabzada Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi, Wali Ahad Bahadur
  • 1907–1921: His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur.
  • 1921–1922: Lieutenant His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur
  • 1922–1924: Lieutenant His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, KCVO
  • 1924–1929: Captain His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, KCVO
  • 1929–1931: Captain His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, KCSI, KCVO
  • 1931–1932: Captain His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, GCIE, KCSI, KCVO
  • 1932–1935: Major His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, GCIE, KCSI, KCVO
  • 1935–1941: Major His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Hajji Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, GCIE, KCSI, KCVO
  • 1941–1946: Lieutenant-Colonel His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Hajji Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, GCSI, GCIE, KCVO
  • 1946–1947: Major-General His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Hajji Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Nawab of Bahawalpur, GCSI, GCIE, KCVO
  • 1947–1955: Major-General His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Hajji Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Amir of the God-gifted Kingdom of Bahawalpur, GCSI, GCIE, KCVO
  • 1955–1959: General His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Hajji Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Amir of the God-gifted Kingdom of Bahawalpur, GCSI, GCIE, KCVO
  • 1959–1966: General His Highness Rukn ud-Daula, Saif ud-Daula, Hafiz ul-Mulk, Mukhlis ud-Daula wa Muin ud-Daula, Hajji Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V Bahadur, Nusrat Jung, Amir of the God-gifted Kingdom of Bahawalpur, GCSI, GCIE, KCVO, NQA

Honours[edit]

(ribbon bar, as it would look today; incomplete)

Ord.Stella.India.jpg Order of the Indian Empire Ribbon.svg Royal Victorian Order ribbon sm.jpg

1914 Star BAR.svg British War Medal BAR.svg World War I Victory Medal ribbon.svg India General Service Medal 1909 BAR.svg

39-45 Star BAR.svg Africa Star BAR.svg Burma Star BAR.svg Italy Star BAR.svg

Defence Medal BAR.svg War Medal 39-45 BAR.svg GeorgeVSilverJubileum-ribbon.png GeorgeVICoronationRibbon.png

UK Queen EII Coronation Medal ribbon.svg PakistanIndependenceMedalRibbon.jpg Ord.2River-ribbon.gif LBN National Order of the Cedar - Grand Cordon BAR.png

[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilcox, Wayne Ayres (1963), Pakistan: The Consolidation of a Nation, Columbia University Press, p. 82, ISBN 978-0-231-02589-8
  2. ^ Umbreen Javaid, Politics of Bahawalpur: From State to Region, 1947-2000 (2004), p. 115
  3. ^ The All Pakistan Legal Decisions, vol. 30, part 2 (1978), p. 1,171
  4. ^ "BAHAWALPUR: The Abbasi Dynasty". Retrieved 24 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Bourne Woods, past, Present and Future - the Bourne Residents' Association".
  6. ^ "Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan V". 2008-01-04. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
  7. ^ Gill, Majeed (28 February 2008). "Nawab family scion's name doing the rounds: Governor's slot". Dawn. Archived from the original on 3 March 2008. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  8. ^ "Bahawalpur Ittehad enters the fray". Dawn. 18 August 2003. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  9. ^ "BAHAWALPUR: Auction of Nawab's articles delayed yet again". Dawn. 26 April 2004. Archived from the original on 7 January 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  10. ^ "Prince Bahawal Abbas Khan Abbasi joins PTI". www.pakistantoday.com.pk. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  11. ^ "33373, 1872-08-08, NAPOLÉON (Prince)". doi:10.1163/2210-7886_asc-33373.
  12. ^ "Susan Dawn Hawker dies". The Pharmaceutical Journal. 2015. doi:10.1211/pj.2015.20067729. ISSN 2053-6186.
  13. ^ "Bahawal5".

External links[edit]

Sadeq Mohammad Khan V
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mohammad Bahawal Khan V
Nawab of Bahawalpur
1907–1955
Succeeded by
State Abolished