Sadh

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The Sadhs साध are a sect in Hinduism.

History[edit]

The sect was formed by Birbhan sadhji in Bijesar, a village near Narnaul, Haryana in the year 1543 CE. They use the name Satnami to call upon the God. Hence, they call themselves as Satnamis.[1]. Group or gathering of Sadh's is pronounced as "Sangat" संगत.

Satnami revolt was a major rebellion against Aurangzeb, the Mughal Emperor, occurred in Narnaul and surrounding localities in the year 1672, which was led by Sadh people. The revolt was caused by the oppression led by the revenue officials of the Mughal Emperor.[1] The absence from North India of the major proportion of royal troops helped the revolting people to establish a temporary gain and the movement of rebels towards Delhi became a matter of serious concern for the emperor himself. A large reinforcement was sent to contain the revolt and in the following battle thousands of rebels were killed.[1][2]

Life style[edit]

The adults of the sect are required to wear white garments only, and abstain from intoxicants and animal foods. These tenets are still practiced by many today.[1]

Place of Worship[edit]

The place of worship is referred to as Chowki चौकी. Sadhs do not believe in worshipping idols.

Prayers[edit]

Medidation साधना is an integral part of offering prayers.

The evening prayers that sadh do is called Mantra मांत्रा.

Every month on full moon i.e. पूर्णिमा, Sadhs gather in Chowki for monthly prayers also called Puran Mashi पूर्ण माशी.

And their annual gathering is called Bhandaara भंडारा. Wherein Sadhs from all over India and the globe gather at a decided place for annual religious function / ceremonies. Usually it is hosted in the towns such as Farrukhabad, Rishikesh or Narnaul.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Grierson, George Abraham (1908). "Sadhs". In Hastings, James (ed.). Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics. XI: Sacrifice-Sudra. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 46–47.
  2. ^ https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.61973 |Chapter XV