Sadhana Shivdasani

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Sadhana
Shaina NC Fashion Show 1 (cropped on Sadhna).jpg
Sadhana in 2014
Born
Sadhana Shivdasani

(1941-09-02)2 September 1941
Died25 December 2015(2015-12-25) (aged 74)
Cause of deathBrain tumor
Resting placeOshiwara, Mumbai, Maharashtra
ResidenceSantacruz, Mumbai, India
NationalityIndian
Other namesMystery Girl
Alma materJai Hind College, Mumbai
Occupation
Years active1958–1978
Known forBollywood films and songs
Notable work
StyleSadhana cut
Spouse(s)
R.K. Nayyar
(m. 1966; died 1995)
RelativesSee Shivdasani family
AwardsIIFA Lifetime Achievement Award International Indian Film Academy Awards

Sadhana Shivdasani (2 September 1941[1] – 25 December 2015), popularly known by the mononym Sadhana, was an Indian film actress, who appeared in many successful films of 1960s and 70s. Regarded as one of the finest and iconic film actresses in the history of Hindi cinema, Sadhana was the highest-paid actress of her time from early 1960s to late 1970s . Popularly known as The Mystery Girl, Sadhana was one of the most beautiful and the top actresses in the 1960s, a period regarded as Bollywood's "golden era". She was active from 1960-1981.[2][3]

In a career spanning over four decades decades, Sadhana starred in over 30 successful films such as Hum Dono, Woh Kaun Thi, Waqt, Arzoo, Mera Saaya, Anita and Ek Phool Do Mali. Shivdasani appeared in the Sindhi language film Abaana and entered the Hindi film industry through the 1960s romantic film Love in Simla. Her fringe haircut became popular during the 1960s and came to be known as the "Sadhana cut".[4][5]

She became famous with her three suspense thriller films; Woh Kaun Thi? (1964), Mera Saaya (1966) and Anita (1967), all directed by Raj Khosla. Sadhana was given a double role in her two commercial successful films Woh Kaun This and Mera Saaya. She was nominated for the Filmfare Award for Best Actress for films such Woh Kaun Thi? and Waqt in 1965 and 1966 respectively. She took retirement from the film industry in the mid-1970s before which she also directed and co-produced a few films. She received the IIFA Lifetime Achievement Award for her contributions to hit and evergreen classic films of Bollywood.

Sadhana married her Love in Shimla director R.K. Nayyar in 1966. Their marriage lasted for 30 years and ended when R.K. Nayyar died in 1995. Sadhana never married after his death and lived alone for most of her life. Sadhana was diagnosed with cancer in her old age that led her to her death on 25 December 2015.

Early life[edit]

Sadhana was born Sadhana Shivdasani in a Sindhi family[6] in Karachi, British India on 2 September 1941. She was the only child of Sadhana was named after her father's favorite actress-dancer Sadhana Bose. Her father was the elder brother of actor Hari Shivdasani, father of actress Babita.

The family migrated from Karachi during the post-Partition riots and settled in Mumbai. Her mother home-schooled her until she was 8 years old, after which she studied at Auxilium Convent, Wadala and Jai Hind College. Although they encountered difficult times, Sadhana was allowed to watch as many as two films. Sadhana was inspired to become a film actress and actress Nutan was said to have been an inspiration for her.[7]

Career[edit]

Early career[edit]

Sadhana aspired to be an actress since childhood. Her father helped her enter films. In 1955 she played a chorus girl in the song "Mur mur ke na dekh mur mur ke" in Raj Kapoor's Shree 420.[8][9] When she was 15 years old, she was approached by some producers who had seen her act in a college play. They cast her in India's first Sindhi film titled Abaana (1958), where she played the role of Sheila Ramani's younger sister.[8]

A photograph of her publicizing Shree 420 appeared in the movie magazine Screen. It was then that Sashadhar Mukherjee, one of Hindi cinema's leading producers at that time, noticed her. She joined Mukherjee's acting school along with her debutant co-star Joy Mukherjee. Sashadhar's son. R.K. Nayyar, who had previously worked as assistant director on a few films, directed this film. He also created her trademark look, called the Sadhana cut, inspired by British actress Audrey Hepburn.[8][10] The Filmalaya Production banner thus introduced Joy, Sadhana and her iconic hairstyle in their 1960 romantic film Love in Simla. The film was declared a hit at the box office and was listed in the top 10 films of 1960.[11] During this period she would again work under the same banner opposite Joy in Ek Musafir Ek Haseena.[12]

Stardom[edit]

Besides Love in Simla, Sadhana was signed by acclaimed director Bimal Roy for his satirical film on Indian democracy; Parakh. She portrayed a simple village girl in this multi-award-winning film. The film was a semi hit at box office and is known for the song "O Sajna Barkha Bahar Aai" sung by Lata Mangeshkar.

Major breakthrough[edit]

  • 1961: Hum Dono - In this 1961's hit film,[13] Hum Dono, she played the love interest of Dev Anand. This black-and-white film was colourized and re-released in 2011. Rediff.com in the film's review writes about Sadhana: "Her eyes, expressive and captivating, do most of the work, while she balances out her submissiveness with a firm tongue."[14] The duet "Abhi na jaao chhodkar" from the film Hum Dono is regarded as "the most romantic song" by actor Shah Rukh Khan[15] and director Sanjay Leela Bhansali.[16] Author Amit Chaudhuri in an essay comparing cultures, says that Sadhana's curious expressions in the song denote listener's peculiar ecstasy while in other cinemas it would mean sex or love.[17]
  • 1962: Asli-Naqli - In 1962, she was again paired with Dev Anand in Asli-Naqli by director Hrishikesh Mukherjee. The film has two hit songs "Tujhe Jeevan Ki Dor Se", sung by both Mohammed Rafi and Lata Mangeshkar and "Tera Mera Pyar Amar", sung by Lata Mangeshkar. The same year saw director-screenwriter Raj Khosla cast her opposite Joy Mukherjee in Ek Musafir Ek Hasina. She had debuted with Joy Mukherjee with the film Love in Shimla in 1960. Khosla would again work with Sadhana to make a suspense thriller trilogy.[18]
  • 1963: Mere Mehboob - This film was the highest grossing Indian film of 1963. The film stars Sadhana, Rajendra Kumar, Ashok Kumar, Nimmi, Pran, Johnny Walker and Ameeta. In this film, Sadhana played her first role in the technicolour film. The film Mere Mehboob was directed by H. S. Rawail. The song "Mere Mehboob Tujhe" was shot in the University Hall and in couple of places, one gets to see the University. The song became very popular upon release. The opening scene of the film shows the famous residential hall and the associated hall "Victoria Gate". The film was the blockbuster of 1963.[19] and ranked in the top 5 films of the 1960s.[20]
  • 1964: Woh Kaun Thi - In 1964, she played a double role in the first of the suspense-thriller trilogy; Woh Kaun Thi?. This white-sari-clad performance opposite Manoj Kumar earned her first Filmfare nomination as Best Actress. Through this role she got to be part of Lata MangeshkarMadan Mohan’s songs "Naina barse" and "Lag jaa gale". Rediff.com called her a show-stopper "with an intriguing Mona Lisa-like smile".[21] The film was a box office hit.[22] Raj Khosla cast her in two more successful mystery films; Mera Saaya (1966) and Anita (1967) thus making her famous as the "Mystery girl".[18]
  • 1966: Mera Saaya - Mera Saaya was a box office success,[23] a courtroom drama film, again saw her playing a double role, now opposite Sunil Dutt. The film was the third film directed by Raj Khosla with Sadhana. The song "Jhumka gira re" sung by Asha Bhosle and composed by Madan Mohan saw Sadhana perform dance steps choreographed by Saroj Khan. Khan was then an assistant to dance director B. Sohanlal. The song became so popular that excited audience in cinema halls used to throw coins at the screen,[24] and is one of the most requested songs on the radio. The film also had the classic songs "Mera Saaya Saath Hoga" and "Nainon Mein Badra Chhaye", both voiced by Lata Mangeshkar.[25]
  • 1965: Waqt- In this 1965 drama film, Sadhana appeared alongside Sunil Dutt. For her performance in this hit film, Sadhana got her second Filmfare nomination as Best Actress for the role of Meena, in Yash Chopra's directorial saga Waqt (1965). She stood out in Bollywood's first ever ensemble cast by bringing out the fashion of tight churidar-kurtas. The song has hit Hindi songs such as "Aye Meri Zohra Zabeen", sung by Manna Dey, "Hum Jab Simat Ke", sung by Mahendra Kapoor and Asha Bhosle, "Waqt Se Din Aur Raat", sung by Mohammed Rafi and "Aage Bhi Jaane Na Tu", sung by Asha Bhosle. and [8][26] The film proved to be 1965's "blockbuster hit".[27]
  • 1965: Arzoo - This film stars Sadhana, Feroz Khan and Rajendra Kumar in lead roles. The film was directed by Ramanand Sagar and was a box office success. The film is a love story that triumphed over life and fate. The film has hit song such as "Aji Rooth Kar Ab" and "Bedardi Balam Tujhko", both sung by Lata Mangeshkar and "Ae Phoolon Ki Rani, Baharon Ki Malika", sung by Mohammed Rafi.[28]
  • 1967: Anita - In this 1967 suspense film, Sadhana appeared7 alongside Manoj Kumar with whom she had starred in lead role in the blockbuster film Woh Kaun Thi. This was the last film of the suspense-thriller trilogy of Khosla-Sadhana partnership.
  • 1969: Inteqam - This film was directed by R.K. Nayyar, and stars Sadhana and Sanjay Khan in lead roles and supported by Ashok Kumar, Jeevan, Rajendra Nath, Rehman, Helen and Anju Mahendru. The film features the first cabaret number song "Aa Jaane Jaan", also a rarity through her career. The film was a success at box office and marked the return of Sadhana after her brief illness, and her husband directed the film.

Her other notable works in the 1960s include performances in Rajkumar (1964), Dulha Dulhan (1964), Gaban (1966) and Budtameez and Mere Mehboob.

  • 1964: Rajkumar - Rajkumar stars Sadhana, Shammi Kapoor, Pran, Prithviraj Kapoor, Om Prakash and Rajindernath. The film was a box office success and has the hit songs "Aaja Aai Bahar", sung by Lata Mangeshkar, "Tumne Pukara Aur Hum Chale Aaye", sung by Mohammed Rafi and Suman Kalyanpur, "Tumne Kisi Ki Jaan Ko" and "Is Rang Badalti Duniya Mein", both sung by Mohammed Rafi.
  • 1969: Ek Phool Do Mali - This Indian Hindi film of 1969 stars Sadhana and Sanjay Khan in lead roles and has hit songs such as "Ye Parda Hata Do", sung by Asha Bhosle and Mohammed Rafi, "Aulad Walo", sung by Asha Bhosle and Mohammed Rafi, "O Nanhe Se Farishte" sung by Mohammed Rafi, "Saiyan Le Gayi Jiya", sung by Asha Bhosle and "Tujhe Suraj Kahoon Ya Chanda" sung by Manna Dey.

End of acting career[edit]

Sadhana (first from right) with Helen, Waheeda Rehman and Nanda in 2010

Sadhana had health issues due to her thyroid, which she got treated in Boston.[8] After returning from the US, she starred in the successful movies Intaquam (1969), Ek Phool Do Mali (1969), Aap Aye Bahaar Ayee (1971), Dil Daulat Duniya (1972) and Geeta Mera Naam (1974).[29]

In Intaquam she played the role of a woman who revengefully lures the son of her own boss who cheated her, to be put behind the bars for a crime he did not commit.[30] In 1974, her directorial venture Geeta Mera Naam was released. Produced by her husband, the film had herself playing the lead actress along with Sunil Dutt and Feroz Khan.[31] It was also Saroj Khan's first film as an independent dance director.[32] A non-lexical vocable from the song "Mujhe maar daalo" of this film appears in the song "People" which features in American rapper J Dilla's album Donuts (2006).[33]

After that, she retired from acting, as she did not want to be cast as a side-actress or do character roles.[8] Later, she and her husband formed a production company. She also produced the movie Pati Parmeshwar, starring Dimple Kapadia in 1989.[31]

Personal life[edit]

Sadhana married her Love in Simla director Ram Krishna Nayyar on 7 March 1966.[24] Their love blossomed on the film set. But as she was very young then, her parents opposed it. They were married for nearly thirty years, until his death in 1995 from asthma. The couple had no children. In 2013, she stated that doesn't keep in touch with her cousin Babita but does keep in touch with actresses such as Asha Parekh, Waheeda Rehman, Nanda and Helen Jairag Richardson. [34]

She suffered from eye problems due to hyperthyroidism. After her retirement from acting, she refused to be photographed.[10] Living in Santacruz, Mumbai, she rented an apartment building owned by singer Asha Bhosle.[35][36]

Fashion icon[edit]

Sadhana introduced the fringe hairstlye in the Indian film industry in her first film Love in Simla. R.K. Nayyar, director of the film and her future husband, suggested the fringe style in order to make her forehead look narrower. Sadhana says: "They tried to stick a strip near the hair-line, but it didn’t work out."[7] Nayyar then suggested she go for the fringe style as was then sported by the Hollywood actress Audrey Hepburn.[8][10][31] The fringe soon became popular and a fashion fad in the 1960s.[1][37]

The style was copied by girls in India and is still known by the same name.[38] The look suited the role of naughty, pretty, glamorous Sonia that she played. But when Sadhana went on the shoot for Bimal Roy's Parakh, Roy was disappointed to see her modern look. She had to stick her fringe back in order to match the simple village girl she played here.[7] In 1963, when she signed to play a role of a simple Muslim girl from Aligarh in Mere Mehboob, Sadhana undid her famous "Sadhana cut" to fit the bill. She had centre-parted her hair and wore it in a plait, which was immediately discarded by the director H.S. Rawail. He said that the audience wanted to see her signature "Sadhana cut" and demanded it.[6] Recently, the Bollywood actress Deepika Padukone sported the same fringe in her films Om Shanti Om (2007) and Chandni Chowk To China (2009).[39]

Sadhana is also credited for bringing into fashion the tight churidar-kurta.[6][37] She went with this concept of gracefully changing the traditional loose salwar kameez to her director Yash Chopra for the 1965 film Waqt. Chopra felt insecure and thought that it would not be accepted. But Sadhana, with the help of her fashion designer Bhanu Athaiya showed him a sample, which he liked.[7] The trend lasted well into the 1970s and can be seen, adopted by many actresses.[40]

In a song sequence of "Phir Milenge Chalte Chalte" for Rab Ne Bana Di Jodi (2008), actress Bipasha Basu dressed herself in a white churidar-kurta and also frolicked with the famous fringe as a tribute to Sadhana.[41]

In 2014, Sadhana made a rare public appearance walking the ramp in a pink sari at a fashion show to support the cause for cancer and AIDS patients. She was escorted by her relative, actor Ranbir Kapoor.[42]

Awards[edit]

Despite the fact that many of Shivdasani's films fared very well at the box office, she did not receive any of the leading awards of the film industry. She was nominated for the Filmfare Award in Best Actress category for her roles in Woh Kaun Thi? and Waqt.[citation needed]

For her contribution to film, she was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award by the IIFA in 2002.[43][44]

Death[edit]

During her later years, Sadhana was involved in court cases[45] and suffered from illness.[46] She had undergone an emergency surgery due to a bleeding oral lesion in December 2014 at the K J Somaiya Medical College.[47][48]

Sadhana died on 25 December 2015 in Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai after being hospitalised with high fever.[2] Although the illness she briefly suffered from was officially undisclosed,[49] a family friend confirmed Sadhana had cancer. Sadhana was cremated at Oshiwara crematorium in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Bollywood stars such Anushka Sharma, Karan Johar, Madhur Bhandarkar, Lata Mangeshkar and several others expressed their sorrow at the loss.[50][51]

Filmography[edit]

Year Movie Role Note Cast
1955 Shree 420[8] Chorus girl Cameo role in the song "Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh"
1958 Abana[8] First Sindhi film Kaan Mohan, Sheila Ramani, Sadhana
1960 Love in Simla[8] Sonia Sadhana debut film as a lead actress Sadhana, Joy Mukherjee, Azra, Kishore Sahu, Shobhana Samarth, Durga Khote, Vijaylaxmi, Hari Shivdasani
1960 Parakh[8] Seema Hit Song "O Sajna Barkha Bahar" Sadhana, Durga Khote, Leela Chitnis, Praveen Paul, Mumtaz Begum, Mehar Banu, Basanta Choudhary, Nasir Hussain, Kanhaiyalal, Jayant, Rashid Khan, Asit Sen, Motilal, Hari Shivdasani, Moni Chatterjee, Keshto Mukherjee
1961 Hum Dono[8] Mita Hit Song "Abhi Na Jao Chodkar", a duet by Asha Bhosle and Mohammed Rafi Dev Anand, Sadhana, Nanda (actress), Leela Chitnis, Gajanan Jagirdar, Rashid Khan, Lalita Pawar
1962 Prem Patra[8] Kavita Kapoor Shashi Kapoor, Sadhana, Rajendra Nath, Chand Usmani, Seema Deo, Bela Bose, Sadhana Khote, Padma Devi
1962 Man Mauji[52] Rani Kishore Kumar, Sadhana, Pran, Durga Khote, Leela Chitnis, Sulochana Chatterjee, Achala Sachdev, Anwar Hussain, Ashim Kumar, Sunder, Kumari Naaz, Bharati Roy, Jayalalitha, Devika, Baby Farida Jalal
1962 Ek Musafir Ek Hasina[8] Asha Joy Mukherjee, Sadhana Shivdasani, Rajendra Nath, Dhumal, Malka, Jagdish Raj, Sujit Kumar, Kamal Kapoor
1962 Asli-Naqli[52] Renu Hit songs from the film are "Tere Mera Pyar Amar", sung by Lata Mangeshkar, and "Tujhe Jeevan Ki Durse", a duet by Lata Mangeshkar and Mohammed Rafi Sadhana, Dev Anand, Leela Chitnis, Anwar Hussain, Sandhya Roy, Mukri, Keshto Mukherjee, Motilal, Nazir Hussain
1963 Mere Mehboob[8] Husna Banu Changezi Hit Song "Mere Mehboob Tujhe Meri" Rajendra Kumar, Nimmi, Sadhana, Ashok Kumar, Ameeta, Mumtaz Begum, Pran, Johnny Walker, Malika
1964 Woh Kaun Thi?[8] Sandhya / Seema (Double Role) Nominated: Filmfare Award for Best Actress
Hit Song "Lag Ja Gale Ke Phir", "Aap Kyon Royen",
"Naina Barse Rim Jhim" and "Chhod Kar Tere Pyaar Ka Daman"
Manoj Kumar, Sadhana, Helen, K.N. Singh, Prem Chopra, Parveen Choudhary, Mohan Choti, Motilal
1964 Rajkumar[8] Princess Sangeeta Hit Song "Aaja Aai Bahar", "Iss Rang Badalti Duniya Mein", "Tumne Pukara Aur Hum Chale Aaye" and "Tumne Kisi Ki Jaan ko" Shammi Kapoor, Sadhana, Prithviraj Kapoor, Om Prakash, Rajendranath
1964 Picnic Not released[53]
1964 Dulha Dulhan[52] Rekha / Chanda Raj Kapoor, Sadhana, Agha, K.N. Singh, Raj Mehra
1965 Waqt[8] Meena Mittal Nominated: Filmfare Award for Best Actress Hit songs are "Ae Meri Zohra Zabeen", sung by Manna Dey and "Hum Jab Simat Ke Aapki" by Asha Bhosle and Mahendra Kapoor Sunil Dutt, Sadhana, Balraj Sahni, Shashi Kapoor, Sharmila Tagore, Raaj Kumar, Achala Sachdev, Rehman, Madan Puri, Manmohan Krishna, Leela Chitnis, Jeevan, Surendra, Shashikala, Hari Shivdasani, Motilal, Jagdish Raj
1965 Arzoo [8] Usha Hit Song "Bedardi Balma Tujhko" sung by Lata Mangeshkar, "Aji Rooth Kar Ab", sung by Lata Mangeshkar and "Ae Phoolon Ki Rani Baharon Ki Malika", sung by Mohammed Rafi Rajendra Kumar, Sadhana, Feroz Khan, Mehmood Ali, Nazima, Nazir Hussain, Achala Sachdev, Nana Palsikar, Brahm Bhardwaj, Dhumal, Hari Shivdasani, Malika, Jankidas Mehra
1966 Mera Saaya[8] Geeta / Nisha (Raina) (Double Role) Hit Song "Jhoomka Gira Re", sung by Asha Bhosle, "Mera Saaya Saath Hoga", sung by Lata Mangeshkar and "Nainon Mein Badea Chhaye", sung by Lata Mangeshkar Sunil Dutt, Sadhana, K.N. Singh, Nazir Hussain, Prem Chopra, Manmohan, Dhumal, Mukri
1966 Gaban[52] Jalpa Hit Song "tum bin sajan" Sunil Dutt, Sadhana, Minoo Mumtaz, Badri Prasad, Leela Mishra, Kanhaiyalal, Anwar Hussain, C.S. Dubey, Pratima Devi, Agha, Kamal Kapoor, Brahm Bhardwaj, Zeb Rehman
1966 Budtameez[52] Shanta Shammi Kapoor, Sadhana, Laxmi Chhaya, Kamal Mehra, Purnima, Manorama, Jagdish Raj, Sunder
1967 Anita[8] Anita Manoj Kumar, Sadhana, Sajjan, Kishan Mehta, Chand Usmani, Dhumal, Mukri, Shivraj, Birbal, Bela Bose, I.S. Johar, Madhumati
1969 Sachaai Shobha Dayal Sanjeev Kumar, Shammi Kapoor, Sadhana, Pran, Johnny Walker, Helen, Sulochana Latkar, Raj Mehra
1969 Intaquam[8] Reeta Mehra Hit Song "Hum Tumhare Liye" and Geet tere Saaz Ka" Sanjay Khan, Sadhana, Ashok Kumar, Rajendra Nath, Rehman, Helen, Anju Mahendru, Jeevan, Asit Sen, Leela Chitnis, Bhagwan Dada, Siddhu, D.K. Sapru, Iftekhar, Dulari, Jankidas
1969 Ek Phool Do Mali[8] Somna Hit songs from the film are "O Nanhe See Farishte", "Yeh Parda Hata Do", "Tujhe Suraj Kahoon Ya Chanda" Sanjay Khan, Balraj Sahni, Sadhana, Durga Khote, David Abraham Cheulkar, Brahmachari, Shabnam, Bobby, Manorama, Shyam Kumar, Praveen Paul, Brahm Bhardwaj, Rammurat Sharma
1970 Ishq Par Zor Nahin[54] Sushma Rai "yeh dil deewana hai, sach kehti hai duniyaa" Dharmendra, Sadhana, Biswajit, Kamini Kaushal, Leela Mishra, Abhi Bhattacharya, Jagdeep, Nadira and Helen
1971 Aap Aye Bahaar Ayee[52] Neena Bakshi Hit Song "Mujhe Teri Mohabbat Ka" Rajendra Kumar, Sadhana, Prem Chopra, Rajendranath, Bobby, Raj Mehra, Mumtaz Begum, Meena T., Kamaldwmeep, Madhu Apte, Subhash, Sarita Devi, Kodi S. Irani, Surendra, Prem Kumar, Raj Kumar, Shaikh, Uma Khosla
1972 Dil Daulat Duniya [52] Roopa Ashok Kumar, Sadhana, Rajesh Khanna, Helen, Om Prakash, Sulochana Latkar, Jagdeep, Agha, Bela Rose, Ram Avtar, Keshav Rana, Bela Bose, Tun Tun, Indira Bansal
1974 Geeta Mera Naam[8] Kavita / Neeta / Geeta (Double Role) Also directed Sunil Dutt, Feroz Khan, Sadhana, Rajendra Nath, Helen, Agha, Achala Sachdev
1974 Chhote Sarkar [55] Radhika Shammi Kapoor, Sadhana, Helen, Jagdish Raj, Sulochana Latkar, Asit Sen, Uma Dutt, Rajan Kapoor,
1975 Vandana[56] Parikshit Sahni, Sadhana, Sarika, Bindu
1977 Amaanat[57] Suchitra Manoj Kumar, Sadhana, Balraj Sahni, Ashok Kumar, Mehmood, Aruna Irani
1981 Mehfil[54] Shalini / Ratnabai (Double Role) Delayed Release Ashok Kumar, Sadhana, Anil Dhawan, Roopesh Kumar, Radhika Rani
1994 Ulfat Ki Nayee Manzeelein[58] Sadhana's final screen appearance Delayed release Sadhana, Waheeda Rehman, Raaj Kumar, Shammi, Seema Deo, Ramesh Deo, Agha

References[edit]

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