Sadaura

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Sadhaura
Sadhu Rah
Sadhaura
city
Sadhaura is located in Haryana
Sadhaura
Sadhaura
Sadhaura is located in India
Sadhaura
Sadhaura
Location in Haryana, India
Coordinates: 30°23′00″N 77°13′00″E / 30.3833°N 77.2167°E / 30.3833; 77.2167Coordinates: 30°23′00″N 77°13′00″E / 30.3833°N 77.2167°E / 30.3833; 77.2167
Country  India
State Haryana
District Yamuna Nagar
Population (2001)
 • Total 13,181
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-HR
Vehicle registration HR
Website haryana.gov.in

Sadhaura is a city and a Gram Sabha in Yamuna Nagar district in the Indian state of Haryana. A town of YamunaNagar, it is of great historic significance. The history of the area goes back to about 3,000 years. Findings obtained from excavations done here reveal the existence of Gupta and Mughal cultures. Painted grey ware, black slipped ware, Kushana pottery, two bastions made of lakhauri bricks, terra cotta, turquoise and fragments of glass bangles have been excavated from the site. The sadhaura is important to sikh history because of contribution of Peer Buddhu Shah (13June 1647 - 21March 1704), was a Muslim divine whose real name was Badr-ud-Din, who was a great admirer and ally of Guru Gobind Singh. He visited the Guru regularly and at one point introduced 500 shias Muslims Pathan soldiers who had been expelled by Aurangzeb to the Guru who employed them. However, on seeing the possibility of war against the Hill chiefs, they deserted the Guru's army. The Peer was very upset by their desertion therefore brought many hundreds of his own marijs followers and his family members to assist the Guru's force. The Guru was most impressed from the dedication shown by the Peer in at this hour of need. However, in supporting the Guru, this action made him an enemy of the Mughals, who in 1704 executed him. Guru Gobind Singh after the martyrdom of Guru Teg Bahadur raised sikh panth , from people of all neglected low classes and downtrodden and prepared the Indian society to uproot the foreign rule Pir Budhu Shah of Sadhaura played the significant of role in construction of Fort Lohgarh and he remained close associate of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji and Guru Gobind Singh Ji. His two sons fort along with Banda Singh Bahadur his two sons named Sayyad Shah Hussain and Sayyad Mohammad Baksh against the Mughals at Lohgarh and Sadhaura. Sayed Badr-ud-Din, popularly known as Pir Budhu Shah, belonged to a celebrated Sayed family of Sadhaura, in the district of Yamuna Nagar. His ancestry can be traced to Sayed Shah Nizam-ud-Din whose descendant he was in the seventh generation. The ancestors of Pir Budhu Shah were said to have migrated to Sadhaura from Samana (Distt. Patiala). A whole mohalla belonged to the Sayeds. For this reason, it came to be known as Mohalla Samania which was mispronounced by the residents of Sadhaura as Mohalla Swanian. The town of Sadhaura is believed to be over three thousand year old. The original name of the place is said to be ‘Sadhu Rah’ or Pathway of saints, which in course of time came to be called Sadhaura. Sadhaura in ancient times was of great importance for Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage. In medieval period it became great importance of Muslim pilgrimage. In Dec, 1709, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur captured it and made it of great importance for Sikh in present times. However, Sadhaura is a neglected place from development point of view. Notified Municipal Committee Sadhaura in 1897, is now a Gram Panchayat. Sayed Badr-ud-Din was subsequently popularly known as Budhu Shah, was born on 13th June 1647 at Sadhaura in a well to do Sayed Family which enjoyed a jagir from the Mogul rulers and was held in considerable esteem by the people of the place. However, due to saintly nature of Badr-ud-Din, the people of Sadhaura use to call him Budhu- a simpleton. Pir Budhu Shah sought the company of the renowned saint, Bhikan Shah, who was residing at the village Thaska, near Karnal. Bikhan Shah is the same faqir, who had once performed Sajda in the reverse direction to Guru Gobind Singh, when he was only a few days old. On being questioned by his followers he had explained that, he had done so because a new spiritual power was rising in the person of Guru Gobind Singh. He had also gone on a pilgrimage to Patna Sahib to see the child Gobind. It was Bhikan Shah, who had initiated Budhu Shah into the preaching of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Sayed Khan, Brother in law of Pir Budhu Shah, who was a prominent general under Emperor Aurangzeb. At the age of 18, Badr-ud-Din was married to Nasiran. Nasiran was a noble lady and devoted wife. They were blessed with four sons, namely Sayed Ashraf, Sayed Mohammed Shah, Sayed Mohammed Baka and Sayed Shah Hussain. Three of their sons sacrificed their lives in the service on the battle of Bhangani. Macauliffe says: “Budhu Shah remained with the Guru for some time and developed great affection and esteem for the great preacher.” Pir Budhu Shah acknowledged the spiritual supremacy of the Guru and became his ‘disciple’. Though he did not renounce his own faith, yet his spiritual subordination to Guru Gobind Singh was complete. Pir Budhu Shah was actually keen to stay with Guru, but some of his followers were anxious to return home. On his way back, one of his followers pointed out to the Pir that he, being a Sayed, had reposed his faith in a Hindu. The Pir explained that it was not correct to think that way. In reality God is one. All human beings are equal and that he saw the image of God in the person of Guru Gobind Singh. Employment of 500 Pathan Soldiers Under Guru Gobind Singh Shortly after his return to Sadhaura, five hundred Pathans whose services had been dispensed eith by Emperor Aurangzeb arrived at the place. They approached Pir Budhu Shah through their leaders and narrated their tales of woe. “For no fault of ours Emperor Aurangzeb has dismissed us and has ordered that nobody should employ us.” He took them to Paonta Sahib to arrange for their employment. Guru Gobind Singh agreed to employ them. Budhu Shah’s Role In the Battle of Bhangani-A.D. 1686 The rising strength of Guru Gobind Singh in the Shivalik foothills, which he had made the centre of his activities after the execution of his father, was an eyesore to the hill rajas. The Guru had built three garhis or small fortresses at Paonta Sahib, Anandpur Sahib and Chamkaur Sahib. He, on his part, wished to enlist the support of the hill rajas in his campaign against Mogul tyranny. The hill rajas had, however, serious misgivings about the mission of the Guru and spared no effort to discredit and disrupt his work. According to Professor Indu Bhushan Banerji “The Guru was becoming a menace to Raja Bhimchand (of Kahlur) and the integrity of his state was in danger.” Raja Bhim Chand prepared a plan which was to be implemented after the marriage of his son with the daughter of Raja Fateh Chand of Srinagar (Tehri Garhwal). In fact Bhim Chand invited Guru Sahib to the wedding, which he refused on account of his strained relations with the Raja. Instead, the Guru sent Diwan Nand Chand to Srinagar with rich presents. The marriage indirectly provided an opportunity for the hill chiefs to confer together for concerted action against Guru Gobind Singh. Some indications of the hostile attitude of the hill rajas against him could already be discerned when the presents sent by him were refused, and five hundred horsemen were sent by Raja Bhim Chand to intercept Nand Chand on his way back to Paonta Sahib from Srinagar. At the wedding itself Raja Fateh Chand and Raja Bhim Chand formed an alliance and decided to invade Paonta Sahib. As this critical juncture the Pathans recently employed by Guru Gobind Singh on the recommendation of Pir Budhu Shah proved traitors. Nijabat Khan, Hayat Khan and Bhikam Khan came to the Guru and asked for themselves and their followers leave to depart for their home. The clever pretext for this unwarranted behavior was given to be the necessity to visit their homes on account to certain births, deaths and marriages, failing which they might be declared outcast by their kinsmen. Guru Gobind Singh exhorted them to stick to their duties and no bring bad name to their profession and their race. But all offers and admonitions failed to change their mind. The Pathans entered the services of Fateh Chand on account of tempting offers made to them. Only Kale Khan remained with the Guru along with his one hundred followers. In the hour of peril Guru Gobind Singh wrote a letter to Pir Budhu Shah saying:- “The Pathans who were recommended for employment by you receive their pay from us. At the time of need for fighting, they have deserted us; perhaps they felt afraid of the immense forces of the hill rajas. The cowards have joined our enemies. It is a pity you got such untrustworthy soldiers appointed.” Pir Budhu Shah decided to join Guru Gobind Singh with relations and followers. He felt it his duty to atone for the faithlessness of the Pathans who had dishonored him in the eyes of the Guru whom he held in the highest esteem. The Udassies and the Pathans had deserted Guru Gobind Singh and his position was really precarious. Pir Budhu Shah came with his relations and followers to support the cause of the Guru and plunged into the battle without delay. Pir Budhu Shah, his relations and disciples fought with great courage and succeeded in slaying a large number of the enemy. Like an enlightened person, Pir Budhu Shah did not allow his feelings to be affected by the casualties in the battle of Bhangani. The battle of Bhangani was a great landmark in the career of Guru Gobind Singh. The timely assistance of Pir Budhu Shah had literally turned the scales in his favour. His defeat at Bhangani would have resulted in very grave consequences. He would have lost the very base of his operations in the shivalik range and any reverses at that stage would have certainly driven him out of the area. The Guru’s prestige was greatly increased as a result of his victory at Bhangani and he was looked upon as the champion of the down-trodden and semi-independent chiefs. He acquired a commanding influence over the petty chiefs and was able to carve out an independent principality for himself in the Shivalik foothills. After their ignominious defeat in the battle of Bhangani, the hill chiefs convened a meeting to find out the reason for the resounding victory of the Guru against them. They were all at a loss to explain how their vastly numerous and celebrated soldiers could be defeated by a handful of untrained ascetics and low caste soldiers. Some attributed it to the spiritual power of the tenth Guru and some questioned the loyalty of the army of the hill chiefs. Raja Fateh Chand, however, disclosed the secret that Sayed Badr-ud-Din, alias Budhu Shah, had come to the rescue of the Guru along with his relations and followers. Thus the hill chiefs had to fight on two fronts. All of them unanimously agreed to lodge a complaint in the Delhi Durbar against Pir Budhu Shah. Sayed Khan was one of the prominent generals of Aurangzeb and enjoyed considerable influence at the Delhi Durbar. He was PIr Budhu Shah’s brother in law and the brother of Pir’s wife, Nasiran. This letter somehow fell into his hands. He sent away the bearer of the letter saying the Emperor would look into the matter. Sayed Khan thus tried to save Pir Budhu Shah from such conspiracies against him. Though history is silent about Guru Gobind Singh’s visits to Sadhaura, yet tradition has it that the Guru visited Sadhaura more than once. Of course, Guru Sahib’s love and affection for Pir Budhu Shah was largely responsible for his visits to the town. From Sadhaura Guru Sahib proceeded to Laharpur, where he is said to have stayed for thirteen days at the request of Raja Medini Parkash of Nahan. The defeat of the hill chiefs and helplessness of the royal army against the rising power of Guru Gobind Singh had been viewed with great concern by Emperor Aurangzeb. In an open durbar he had called upon his generals to volunteer themselves to crush the new movement. Sayed Khan offered his services to march against Guru Gobind Singh. It is, however, well known that that very Sayed Khan became an admirer of Guru Gobind Singh on meeting him. Mohammad Usman Khan, the Governor of Sadhaura also came to receive Sayed Khan. On finding himself unwilling to fight against Guru Sahib, Sayed Khan asked Usman Khan to accompany his troops to Sirhind to join Nawab Wazir Khan. This was done to enable the Governor of Sirhind to get necessary reinforcement in case the war against the Guru might be prolonged. Mohammad Usman Khan later took part in the battle of Chamkaur. He knew that the two sons of Guru Gobind Singh had been killed in the battle. On leaving the fortress Guru Sahib faced great danger on the following day. Usman Khan joined Wazir Khan at Sirhind alongwith his troops. At Sirhind, the younger sons of the Guru, Sahibzadas Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh, along with his mother were arrested on account of the treachery of his servant, Gangu. Usman Khan waited there to see the younger sons of Guru Sahib brutally murdered. After their martyrdom, he returned to Sadhaura. There he announced with great elation that the royal troops had destroyed all the four sons of Guru Gobind Singh. Anandpur, where he had built a strong fort for his defence, had also been taken away from him. All his followers had deserted him and he was wandering in the jungles all alone. Pir Budhu Shah felt greatly agitated on hearing this news. He felt deeply moved over the death of Guru Sahib’s sons. He had not grieved half as much on the death of his own two sons. Pir Budhu Shah longed to meet Guru Sahib to remove his own anxiety and concern. To allay the deep anxiety and concern of Pir Budhu Shah, Guru Sahib came to Sadhaura again. Meantime a messenger arrived with an order from Usman Khan, in which it was stated that it had been reliably learnt that Guru Gobind Singh had come to see Pir Budhu Shah and he was ordered to hand over the Guru to Usman Khan. While the city was in deep slumber, Guru Gobind Singh escaped from Sadhaura under the cover of darkness. Professor Kartar Singh in his life ‘Life of Guru Gobind Singh’ has recorded that on arrival at Dina, Bhai Kaula offered him white clothes which the Guru accepted and discarded the blue garments then worn by him. Before the arrival of Usman Khan at Sadhaura, some of the followers of the Pir had informed him about his intentions. The Pir, in consultation with his wife, arranged to send the families of two of his sons to Nahan along with his youngest son. Raja Medini Parkash was also devotee of the Guru. In addition, the area was covered with thick jungles and offered good opportunities for hiding. It is reported that Pir Budhu Shah was arrested by Usman Khan and was taken to an unknown place in the jungle. He was killed there in a brutal manner by cutting away the various parts of his body, while the Pir is said to have gone into an ecstasy. This happened on the 21st March in A.D. 1704. According to another version he was burnt alive, a common punishment for apostasy is Islam.


Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Sadaura had a population of 13,181. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sadaura has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 66%. In Sadaura, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Battle of Sadaura[edit]

Emperor Bahahdur Shah , along with 5 lacs army came to sadaura to fight against Baba Banda Singh Bahadur. When he failed to capture Sadaura emperor became insane and dies at Lahore in 1712. Bhai Lakhi Rai Banjara constructed Fort Lohgarh near Sadhaura. In new research 55 well Have been found which was installed by Bhai Lakhi Rai Vanjara . .

Gurudwara[edit]

It retains its old name, although two variations Quila Gurdwara and Gurdwara Qatalgarh are also current. Another gurdwara has recently been constructed at Sadhaura in honour of Pir Buddu Shah. Gurdwara Pir Buddhu Shah is looked after by the local Singh Sabha, whereas Gurdwara Baba Banda Bahadur is managed privately.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

The Saint of Sadhaura, Pir Budhu Shah, Gurcharan Singh, V.S Suri