Sadr ad-Din Dashtaki

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sayyid Sadr Al-Din Dashtaki or Sayyed Sanad was an Iranian Shia philosopher and theologian. He counts as the founder of the Shiraz school of philosophy.[1]

Birth[edit]

Sadr Al din was born in Dashtah, a region near Shiraz.[1] His complete name was Sayyid Muhammad b. Mansur Al Husayni Al Dashtaki. He was born in Shiraz on second of 829/19 June.[2] He counted as the first in the Dastaki family who confessed apparently to shiism sect. According to Pourjavady,It seems that he was a Zaydi.[3] He also challenged with Jalāl-al-Dīn Davānī on the legality of Shia.[4]

Education[edit]

Dashtaki was educated along with his cousin and learned Arabic literature and Islamic law with him. He studied rational sciences with Qawam Al Din Al-Kurbali. Kurbali had an important role in introducing Sadr Al-Din to Philosophical discussion, as did Sayyid Muslim Farsi, who was the teacher of Sadr Al-Din in logic and philosophy. Sadr Al Din was also involved in building the houses.[3]

Mansuriyyah Madrasah[edit]

Sadr Al-Din built a madrasah and called it Mansuriyyah, the name of his son. This Madrasah is still active in the center of Shiraz, according to Kakaei.[5]

Works[edit]

  • Jawaher namah on gemmology
  • glosses on Qutb Al Din Razi's commentary on Katibi Qazavini's Shamsiyyah
  • glosses on Qutb Al Din Razi's commentary Siraj Al Din Urmawi's Matali Al Anwar
  • glosses on Qushji's commentary on Tajrīd al-iʿtiqād[5]
  • a treatise on proving the existence of God and his attributes( Risalah fi Ithbat al Wajib and Sifatihi)[6]

Death[edit]

Sadr Al Din led a rebellion against the Ruler of Shiraz and was killed by a group of Turkmans on order of Ruler Qasem Bey. He died on 17 Ramadan 903/9 May 1498.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Nasr 2006, p. 195)
  2. ^ (Pourjavadi 2011, pp. 16–17)
  3. ^ a b (Pourjavadi 2011, p. 17)
  4. ^ "QĀŻI SAʿID QOMI". iranicaonline.org.
  5. ^ a b (Pourjavadi 2011, p. 18)
  6. ^ a b (Pourjavadi 2011, p. 19)

Related Readings[edit]

Bdaiwi, Ahab, "Some Remarks on the Confessional Identity of the Philosophers of Shiraz: Sadr al-Dîn Dashtakî (d. 903/1498) and his Students Mullâ Shams al-Dîn Khafrî (942/1535) and Najm al-Dîn Mahmûd Nayrîzî (948/1541),“ Ishraq 5 (2014): 61-85.