Sadri language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sadri
नागपुरी, Nagpuri
Native to India
Region Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha
Ethnicity Nagpuria
Native speakers
5.1 million (2011 census)[1] [2]
Census results conflate some speakers with Hindi.
Devanagari, Eastern Nagari script, Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
sck – Sadri
sdr – Oraon Sadri
Glottolog sada1242[4]

Sadri, also known as Nagpuri, is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, northern West Bengal, Assam and in Bangladesh.[5]

Sadri or Nagpuri language spoken in Chota Nagpur Plateau region of Indian state Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Odisha. In addition to native speakers, Sadri is also used as a lingua franca by a large number of "tribal" groups, among others the Kharia (South Munda), Mundari, Bhumij (North Munda) and Kurukh (North Dravidian), and a number of speakers of these "tribal" groups have adopted Sadri as their first language. [6] In 2011 Cencus, There are 5108691 Nagpuri language speaker including 4345677 Sadan/Sadri and 763014 Nagpuria. [7] [8]

Etymology[edit]

The origin of Sadan/Sadri and other related terms is somewhat obscure. It locally known as "Sadri" or "Nagpuri" / "Nagpuriya" [9]

History[edit]

Nagpuri language evolved from Prakrit languages. During reign of Nagvanshi kings, It was language of royal court.

Geographical Distribution[edit]

Nagpuri language is chiefly spoken in the Chota Nagpur Plateau region in west-central Jharkhand in districts such as Gumla, Lohardaga, Latehar, Palamu, Garhwa, Chatra, Simdega, Ranchi, Khunti, West Singhbhum, North-east Chhattisgarh in districts such as Jashpur, Surguja, Balrampur, Northern Odisha in Sundargarh and south-west Bihar in Aurangabad district.[10]

Script[edit]

Nagpuri is commonly written in the Devanagari script, an abugida. Devanagari consists of 11 vowels and 33 consonants and written from left to right.[11]

Vocabulary[edit]

The main source Nagpuri lexicon is Prakrit and Sanskrit. During the medieval period contact with North India resulted in introduction of some Persian words.

Example of short phrases[edit]

Phrases in English. Nagpuri/Transliteration Hindi/Transliteration
My name is Mahesh. मोर नाम महेश हेके/ Mor nam Mahesh heke मेरा नाम महेश है/ Mera nam Mahesh hai
What are you doing?(polite) रउरे का करत हीॽ/ Roure ka karat hiॽ तुम क्या कर रहे होॽ/ Tum kya kar rahe hoॽ
I am going to home. मोैं घर जात होंं/ Moen ghar jat hon मैं धर जा राहा हु़ुँ/ Main ghar ja raha hoon
Do you like listening music? का तोयं संगीत सुनेक पसंद करीसलाॽ/ Ka toen sangeet sunek pasand karislaॽ क्या तुम संगीत सुनना पंसद करते होॽ/ kya tum sangeet sunna pasand karte ho?
He is coming. उगो आवत है/ Oogo awat hai वह आ रहा है/ Wah aa raha hai.
He will play football. उ फुटबल खेली/Oo football kheli वह फुटबल खेलेगा/ Wah football khelega
They have eaten bread. उमन रोटी खा हैं/ Ooman roti kha hain वॆ रटी खाये हैं/ We roti khaye hain
They will go home उमन घर जाबैं/ Ooman ghar jabain वॆ घर जायॆगॆं/ We ghar jayenge

Media[edit]

Although Sadri still lacks a standardised form, much literature has been written in the language. Many Sadri magazines were published in various parts of India. Gharaiya Guith, a monthly magazine in Sadri, is published in Shillong. Johar Sahiya is currently published in Ranchi. Veer Birsa, Aguwa, Nawa Parha, NIRANG PAJHRA and Adivasi Express were published in the Dooars and Tarai regions of West Bengal. A few feature films have also been produced in the Sadri language in Assam, Dooars, Jharkhand, Siliguri and in Odisha. Since 1980, many Sadri songs and videos have been produced.

A variation of Sadri is Nagpuri, which is taught at Ranchi University and other universities of Jharkhand.

"In preparation for the January 2014 education season, the national curriculum and textbook board has already started printing books in six languages ... Chakma, Cogborok (Tripura community), Marma, Santal, Sadri (Oraon community) and Achik (Mandi community)."[12]

Alternate names and/or names of dialects include: Sadani, Sadana, Sadati, Sadari, Sadhan, Sadna, Sadrik, Santri, Siddri, Sradri, Sadhari, Sadan, Nagpuria, Nagpuri, Chota Nagpuri, Dikku Kaji, Gawari, Ganwari, Goari, Gauuari, Jharkhandhi.[13][14][15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07. 
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-11-27. Retrieved 2016-11-26. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-05-29. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sadani". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-11-27. Retrieved 2016-11-26. 
  6. ^ http://www.southasiabibliography.de/uploads/Sadri.htm
  7. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07. 
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-11-27. Retrieved 2016-11-26. 
  9. ^ http://www.southasiabibliography.de/uploads/Sadri.htm
  10. ^ https://www.ethnologue.com/language/sck
  11. ^ http://www.southasiabibliography.de/uploads/Sadri.htm#rGrierson1903
  12. ^ Chowdhury, K.R. (2013-05-21). "Native tongue offers ethnic children a good start". khabarsouthasia.com. Archived from the original on 2013-06-25. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  13. ^ "Sadri (Language code 'sck')". Global Recordings Network. Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  14. ^ "Oraon Sadri (Language code 'sdr')". Global Recordings Network. Archived from the original on 2012-05-15. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  15. ^ "Ethnologue report for language code: sck". Ethnologue. Archived from the original on 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2012-08-25.