|Born||May 1975 (age 42)
|Alma mater||Sharif University of Technology|
|Known for||Arrest in Iran, death sentence (later suspended)|
|Criminal status||Death sentence suspended, continued imprisonment|
Saeed Malekpour (Persian: سعید ملکپور; born May 1975) is an Iranian web designer. He was sentenced to death in Iran for allegedly designing and moderating pornographic websites. Malekpour developed an Internet photo-sharing tool that his supporters assert was used without his knowledge for pornographic purposes. Prior to his arrest in Iran in 2008, Malekpour had been living and working in Canada as a permanent resident. The Canadian government and Amnesty International have called for his immediate release.
In December 2012, Malekpour's lawyer announced that the death sentence had been suspended because Malekpour had repented for his behavior.
Malekpour was born in Iran in May 1975. He is a graduate of the Sharif University of Technology in Tehran, where he earned a degree in metallurgical engineering. Among the jobs he held in Iran, he worked for Iran Khodro, the country's largest automaker. In Iran, Malekpour married Fatima Eftekhari whom he met at a chess competition.
In 2004, Malekpour went to Canada with his wife to pursue educational opportunities. He became a permanent resident of Canada and from 2005 worked as a website designer in the country. Malekpour and his wife resided in Richmond Hill, Ontario.
Arrest and prosecution
Iranian authorities arrested Malekpour during his visit, accusing him of designing and moderating pornographic websites. Malekpour had designed photo uploading software, and according to his supporters, that software was being used without his knowledge for the creation of an adult website.
Malekpour has been kept in Iran's Evin prison, and was initially placed for almost a year in solitary confinement without legal representation. A year after his arrest, Malekpour confessed to his crimes on Iranian state television. He later retracted the confession in letter sent from inside prison. Malekpour wrote, "A large portion of my confession was extracted under pressure, physical and psychological torture, threats to myself and my family, and false promises of immediate release upon giving a false confession to whatever the interrogators dictated ... Such mistreatment was aimed at forcing me to write what the interrogators were dictating, and to compel me to play a role in front of the camera based on their scenarios."
First death sentence
In December 2010, Malekpour was sentenced to death after being found guilty of "designing and moderating adult content websites", "agitation against the regime", and "insulting the sanctity of Islam". In June 2011, however, the Supreme Court of Iran reportedly annulled the verdict in the face of Canadian government protests. Following the reversal, Malekpour was set to remain in jail while a judicial review into his case was held.
Second death sentence
Despite its earlier decision, the Supreme Court announced its verdict was inconclusive and remanded the case to the court that originally sentenced Malekpour. The death sentence was upheld, and in January 2012, the Supreme Court rejected an appeal from Malekpour's lawyers. The Canadian government condemned the decision and called for Malekpour's immediate release. Amnesty International also called for his release, describing the case as part of a general "crackdown on freedom of expression ahead of the Iranian parliamentary elections in March".
Suspension of death sentence
In December 2012, Malekpour's lawyer announced that the death sentence had been suspended because Malekpour had "repented for his actions".
A crowdfunding campaign was created to help raise money to Free Saeed Malekpour.
- "Imprisoned Tech Expert Saeed Malekpour Writes of Torture". Persian2English. 26 March 2010. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- ""A Living Hell" – Two Men From Canada Await Execution in Iran". United4Iran. 4 May 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Kenyon Wallace (6 December 2010). "Little hope for release of Cdn. resident facing Iranian death sentence: expert". National Post. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Olivia Ward (8 June 2011). "Richmond Hill man escapes death in Iran". Toronto Star. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Olivia Ward (5 November 2010). "Canadians in shadow of death in Iran". Toronto Star. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Canada concern at Iran death penalty for web designer". BBC News. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Saeed Kamali Dehghan (9 February 2011). "Iranian web programmer faces execution on porn charges". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Iran reissues death sentence for Canada resident: lawyer". AFP. 20 January 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Saeed Kamali Dehghan (6 June 2011). "Iran court quashes death sentence in 'porn' case". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Olivia Ward (17 January 2012). "Canadian resident faces execution in Iran after appeal is rejected". Toronto Star. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "Iran must halt execution of web programmer". Amnesty International. 19 January 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "Iran suspends computer programmer's death sentence: report". Chicago Tribune. Reuters. 2 December 2012. Archived from the original on 3 December 2012. Retrieved 3 December 2012.