Saeed Mohammad Khan
|Saeed Mohammad Khan|
|Chief of Naval Staff|
9 November 1991 – 9 November 1994
|Preceded by||Adm. Yastur-ul-Haq Malik|
|Succeeded by||Adm. Mansurul Haq|
|Chairman of National Shipping Corporation|
8 November 1988 – 12 March 1990
|Pakistan Ambassador to the Netherlands|
|Prime Minister||Benazir Bhutto|
|Born||Saeed Mohammad Khan
October 1, 1935
Bhopal, Bhopal State, British India
(Present-day Bhopal, India)
|Nickname(s)||Beast of the Sea|
|Years of service||1954–1994|
|Unit||Naval Operations Branch|
|Commands||Vice-Chief of Naval Staff
Commander Pakistan Fleet
Flag Officer Sea Training
|Battles/wars||Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Admiral Saeed Mohammad Khan (Urdu: سعید محمد خان; b. 1 October 1935), NI(M), SBt, is a retired four-star rank admiral and retired diplomat who served as the Chief of Naval Staff (CNS) of the Pakistan Navy from 9 November 1991 until retiring from his military service on 9 November 1994.
Saeed Mohammad Khan was born on 1 October 1935 in Bhopal, British India into a Bhopali-Pathan family.:223:208 His family emigrated to Pakistan following the partition of India in 1947, and settled in Karachi. Pakistan.:223
In 1954, he gained commissioned as Midshipman in the Operations Branch of the Pakistan Navy in 1954 and was sent to the United Kingdom to be trained at the HMS Dryad as a navigation specialist.:145 Upon his return in 1958, he was promoted as Sub-Lieutenant in the Navy and provided his services of PNS Tariq as a gunnery.:145 In the 1960s, he commanded the PNS Tariq as her commanding officer and participated in the second with India in 1965 and then in the third war with India in 1971 as an artillery specialist and earned a nickname "Beast of the Sea" by his superiors.:149
His career in the Navy progressed well and was the Flag Officer Sea Training of Pakistan Navy from 1980–84 as Rear-Admiral.:155 In 1984, Vice-Admiral Khan was appointed as Commander of Pakistan Fleet (COMPAK) and eventually appointed as Vice Chief of Naval Staff (VCNS) under Admiral Yastur-ul-Haq Malik, the Chief of Naval Staff.:416 As VCNS, Vice-Admiral Khan was responsible for the Naval warfare exercise and command structure of the Navy. After the death and state funeral of President Zia-ul-Haq, Vice-Admiral Khan supported then-Chief of Army Staff General Mirza Aslam Beg's decision for holding the general elections that saw the electoral victory of Benazir Bhutto and the Pakistan Peoples Party to form the government.:235
Vice-Admiral Khan was promoted to four-star rank on 11 August 1991 by Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.:199 However, he was elevated as the Chief of Naval Staff when Admiral Malik left the command to him on 8 November 1991.:199 It was during his stint as naval chief when the Pressler amendment came in effect that ultimately led to the military embargo on Pakistan and Navy lost eight of his surface ships that were to be returned to the United States in the 1990s.:476 However, he successfully negotiated with Royal Navy's First Sea Lord Julian Oswald who helped him closed a deal with the British government to sell the fleet of Type 21 frigates to Pakistan.:476 This eventually resulted in commissioning the Tariq-class destroyer in the 1990s.:476 In an interview with Times Now an Urdu-language political correspondent, he ultimately warned of Indian Navy's expansion into the Blue-water navy in order to establish the "Greater India." In 1994, Admiral Khan is said to have recommended against acquiring the designs and development of the Agosta 90B class submarines in coordination with France over the British Upholder-class submarine. His recommendations were bypassed by the government and the Agosta 90B class submarines were acquired and built in successive long years.
Ambassadorship and retirement
On 9 November 1994, Admiral Saeed handed over the command to Admiral Mansurul Haq who was tenuring as the chairman of Pakistan National Shipping Corporation who was appointed by the Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.:330 After retirement from his military service, Admiral Saeed Khan was appointed as the Pakistan Ambassador to the Netherlands where he tenured for four years before returning to Pakistan.
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|Chief of Naval Staff
1991 – 1994