Saeed Mohammad Khan

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Saeed Mohammad Khan
Chief of Naval Staff
In office
9 November 1991 – 9 November 1994
Preceded by Adm. Yastur-ul-Haq Malik
Succeeded by Adm. Mansurul Haq
Chairman of National Shipping Corporation
In office
8 November 1988 – 12 March 1990
Pakistan Ambassador to the Netherlands
In office
1994–1998
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto
Personal details
Born Saeed Mohammad Khan
(1935-10-01) October 1, 1935 (age 81)
Bhopal, Bhopal State, British India
(Present-day Bhopal, India)
Military service
Nickname(s) Beast of the Sea
Allegiance  Pakistan
Service/branch Naval Jack of Pakistan.svg Pakistan Navy
Years of service 1954–1994
Rank US-O10 insignia.svgAdmiral Pakistan Navy Insignia.JPG Admiral
Unit Naval Operations Branch
Commands Vice-Chief of Naval Staff
Commander Pakistan Fleet
Flag Officer Sea Training
Battles/wars Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Awards Order of Excellence Nishan-e-Imtiaz.png Nishan-e-Imtiaz
Star of Good Conduct Sitara-e-Basalat.png Sitara-e-Basalat

Admiral Saeed Mohammad Khan (Urdu: سعید محمد خان; b. 1 October 1935[1]), NI(M), SBt, is a retired four-star rank admiral and retired diplomat who served as the Chief of Naval Staff (CNS) of the Pakistan Navy from 9 November 1991 until retiring from his military service on 9 November 1994.[2]

After his retirement, he briefly served as the Pakistan Ambassador to the Netherlands, having being appointed by Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in the 1990s.:223[3]

Biography[edit]

Naval career[edit]

Saeed Mohammad Khan was born on 1 October 1935 in Bhopal, British India into a Bhopali-Pathan family.:223[3]:208[4] His family emigrated to Pakistan following the partition of India in 1947, and settled in Karachi. Pakistan.:223[3]

In 1954, he gained commissioned as Midshipman in the Operations Branch of the Pakistan Navy in 1954 and was sent to the United Kingdom to be trained at the HMS Dryad as a navigation specialist.:145[5] Upon his return in 1958, he was promoted as Sub-Lieutenant in the Navy and provided his services of PNS Tariq as a gunnery.:145[5] In the 1960s, he commanded the PNS Tariq as her commanding officer and participated in the second with India in 1965 and then in the third war with India in 1971 as an artillery specialist and earned a nickname "Beast of the Sea" by his superiors.:149[5]

Staff appointments and chief of naval staff[edit]

His career in the Navy progressed well and was the Flag Officer Sea Training of Pakistan Navy from 1980–84 as Rear-Admiral.:155[5] In 1984, Vice-Admiral Khan was appointed as Commander of Pakistan Fleet (COMPAK) and eventually appointed as Vice Chief of Naval Staff (VCNS) under Admiral Yastur-ul-Haq Malik, the Chief of Naval Staff.:416[6] As VCNS, Vice-Admiral Khan was responsible for the Naval warfare exercise and command structure of the Navy.[2] After the death and state funeral of President Zia-ul-Haq, Vice-Admiral Khan supported then-Chief of Army Staff General Mirza Aslam Beg's decision for holding the general elections that saw the electoral victory of Benazir Bhutto and the Pakistan Peoples Party to form the government.:235[7]

Vice-Admiral Khan was later appointed as chairman of Pakistan National Shipping Corporation (PNSC) which he led from 11 November 1988 until December 13, 1990.[8]

Vice-Admiral Khan was promoted to four-star rank on 11 August 1991 by Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.:199[9] However, he was elevated as the Chief of Naval Staff when Admiral Malik left the command to him on 8 November 1991.:199[9] It was during his stint as naval chief when the Pressler amendment came in effect that ultimately led to the military embargo on Pakistan and Navy lost eight of his surface ships that were to be returned to the United States in the 1990s.:476[10] However, he successfully negotiated with Royal Navy's First Sea Lord Julian Oswald who helped him closed a deal with the British government to sell the fleet of Type 21 frigates to Pakistan.:476[10] This eventually resulted in commissioning the Tariq-class destroyer in the 1990s.:476[10] In an interview with Times Now an Urdu-language political correspondent, he ultimately warned of Indian Navy's expansion into the Blue-water navy in order to establish the "Greater India."[11] In 1994, Admiral Khan is said to have recommended against acquiring the designs and development of the Agosta 90B class submarines in coordination with France over the British Upholder-class submarine.[12] His recommendations were bypassed by the government and the Agosta 90B class submarines were acquired and built in successive long years.[12]

Ambassadorship and retirement[edit]

On 9 November 1994, Admiral Saeed handed over the command to Admiral Mansurul Haq who was tenuring as the chairman of Pakistan National Shipping Corporation who was appointed by the Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.:330[13] After retirement from his military service, Admiral Saeed Khan was appointed as the Pakistan Ambassador to the Netherlands where he tenured for four years before returning to Pakistan.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Excerpts-I, et.al. "Excerpts-I". Excerpts-I. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "پاک بحریہ کے سربراہ۔ ایڈمرل سعید محمد خان". www.pakistanconnections.com/. Pakistaniconnections.com. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c Khan, Shaharyar M. The Begums of Bhopal: A History of the Princely State of Bhopal. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 9781860645280. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  4. ^ The Army Quarterly and Defence Journal. West of England Press. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d Anwar, Muhammad (2008). Stolen Stripes and Broken Medals: Autobiography of a Senior Naval Officer. London, UK: AuthorHouse. p. 286. ISBN 9781425900205. 
  6. ^ Jane's Fighting Ships. Franklin Watts. ISBN 9780710608864. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  7. ^ Bhattacharya, Brigadier Samir. NOTHING BUT!. Partridge Publishing. ISBN 9781482817324. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Chairmen History". www.pnsc.com.pk. Pakistan National Shipping Corporation. 
  9. ^ a b Cheema, Pervaiz Iqbal (2002). The Armed Forces of Pakistan. NYU Press. ISBN 9780814716335. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  10. ^ a b c Shah, Mian Zahir (2001). Bubbles of Water: Or, Anecdotes of the Pakistan Navy. Karachi, Pakistan: PN Book Club Publication. p. 487. ISBN 9789698318031. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "Intelligence Digest". Intelligence International Limited. 1 January 1994. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  12. ^ a b Editorial investigations, et.al (11 October 2011). "PPP govt, not Navy, purchased French subs, in a deal". www.thenews.com.pk (5). News International, 2011. News International. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  13. ^ Rizvi, Hasan Askari. The Military & Politics in Pakistan, 1947-1997. Sang-e-Meel Publications. ISBN 9789693511482. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Yastur-ul-Haq Malik
Chief of Naval Staff
1991 – 1994
Succeeded by
Mansurul Haq