Saeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum

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Saeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum
Sheikh
Sheikh Said and Sheikh Juma Al Maktoum.jpg
Sheikh Juma bin Maktoum Al Maktoum (left) and Sheikh Saeed bin Maktoum Al Maktoum (right)
Emir of Dubai
Predecessor Butti bin Suhail Al Maktoum
Successor Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
Born 1878 (1878)
Dubai
Died 9 September 1958(1958-09-09) (aged 79–80)
Dubai
Issue

By Sheikha Hessa bint Al Murr

By Sheikha Fatima bint Ahmed bin Suliman

House Al Maktoum
Father Sheikh Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum

Sheikh Saeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum (1878 – 9 September 1958) (Arabic: سعيد بن مكتوم آل مكتوم‎) was the Ruler of Dubai from 1912 until his death in 1958 (except during the three-day reign of Sheikh Mani bin Rashid, a distant relative who deposed Saeed in 1929).

Although Dubai and other surrounding areas fell under an economic depression in the 1920s due to its great reliance on pearling, he managed, with the help of a progressive trade policy, to raise Dubai's economics and limit the reliance on pearling.

Family background[edit]

Saeed bin Maktoum was the son of another historical ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Maktoum bin Hasher, who ruled from 1894 to 1906. After the death of Saeed's father, Sheikh Butti bin Suhail Al Maktoum ruled as emir of Dubai for six years. Upon the death of Sheikh Butti Al Maktoum in 1912, Saeed succeeded as ruler of Dubai.[1]

Saeed was one of three brothers, the two others constituting important lineages in today's Dubai ruling class. Saeed's brother Sheikh Juma bin Maktoum Al Maktoum (born 1891) had a large descendency that constitutes still today an important and powerful group in the ruling class of Dubai.[1] His other brother Sheikh Hasher bin Maktoum Al Maktoum also has a few descendants who are important businessmen in Dubai today.[1]

First marriage and descendants[edit]

Saeed married Sheikha Hessa bint Al Murr, the mother of all his children except his youngest child Ahmed.[2][3] Their eldest son Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed bin Maktoum Al Maktoum (born 1912, d. 1990) ruled Dubai from 1958 to 1990. He provided an important alliance with the neighboring Emirate of Abu Dhabi by his marriage to Sheikha Latifah bint Hamdan bin Zayed, the daughter of an assassinated ruler of Abu Dhabi (Sheikh Hamdan bin Zayed, who had been assassinated in 1922 by his brother, Zayed II's father). They had several children, including four sons: Rashid’s successor Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, who died in 2006; deputy ruler of Dubai Sheikh Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum; Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid’s successor and the current ruler of Dubai; and Deputy Chairman of Dubai Police & Public Security Ahmed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. One of the five daughters of Sheikh Rashid and Sheikha Latifa married the first emir of Qatar, Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani,[4] while other daughters married into other branches of the Al Maktoum family and into the Saudi Arabian royal family.

Sheikh Saeed and Sheikha Hessa's second son Sheikh Khalifa bin Saeed bin Maktoum Al Maktoum (born 1922) married Sheikha Sana bint Mana Al Maktoum, the daughter of Sheikh Mana who had challenged Saeed in 1938-39 during the Dubai Reform movement.[citation needed] Sheikh Khalifa's son is equestrian Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Maktoum. One of Saeed and Hessa's daughters married her cousin Sheikh Maktoum bin Juma bin Maktoum Al Maktoum and had numerous influential children, most notably Sheikha Hind, the senior wife of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum.[2] Saeed and Hessa's daughter Shaikha bint Saeed died on January 28th 2017.[5]

Many members of the Al Maktoum family are equestrians.

Final years and death[edit]

Saeed married again to Sheikha Fatima bint Ahmed bin Suliman.[6] Saeed died on 9 September 1958 at the age of 80 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Sheikh Rashid II bin Said Al Maktoum. Two months after Saeed's death, his second wife bore a son, Sheikh Ahmed, on 1 December of that year. Sheikh Ahmed serves as Chairman and CEO of Emirates Airline.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Graeme Wilson, Father of Dubai. Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum (Dubai : Media Prima, 1999), about his son Sheikh Rashid, containing a lot of information about his father Sheikh Saeed.
  • Shaul Yanai, The Political Transformation of Gulf Tribal States. Elitism and the Social Contract in Kuwait, Bahrain and Dubai, 1918-1970s (Eastbourne : Sussex Academic Press, 2014), contains an important chapter on Sheikh Saeed's reign.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "DUBAI (Emirate)". iinet.net.au. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  2. ^ a b "Rich tributes paid to UAE women's march of progress at Sharjah Ramadan Majlis; Emirati Women seen as role model for region - WAM". Retrieved 12 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "DUBAI (Emirate)". iinet.net.au. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2018. 
  4. ^ Peterson, J. E. "Rulers, Merchants and Shaikhs in Gulf Politics" (PDF). The Gulf Family. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Condolences offered after death of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid's aunt | The National". The National. Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  6. ^ Sidahmed, Abubakr. "Abubakr Sidahmed Curriculm Vitae" (PDF). p. 7. Retrieved 16 June 2018. (widow of (the late)H.H.Sheikh Saeed Al Maktoum and mother of H.H.Sheikh Ahmed Bin Saeed–the Chairman of Dubai Civil Aviation and Emirates Airlines) 
Preceded by
Butti bin Suhail Al Maktoum
Emir of Dubai
1912–1958
Succeeded by
Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum