|Saenuri Party (New Frontier Party)|
|Spokesperson||Kim Young Woo
Kwon Eun Hee
Park Dae Chul
|Floor Leader||Won Yoo-cheol|
|Founded||21 November 1997|
|Merger of||New Korea
United Democratic (1996)
|Headquarters||18, Gukhoe-daero 70-gil
|Ideology||Conservatism (South Korean)|
|Political position||Centre-right to Right-wing|
|International affiliation||International Democrat Union
Asia Pacific Democrat Union
|Seats in the National Assembly|||
|Municipal mayor and Gubernatorial|
|Seats within local government|
|Politics of South Korea
|Grand National Party|
The Saenuri Party (Korean: 새누리당, Saenuri-dang; English: New Frontier Party) is a centre-right, conservative political party in South Korea. Until February 2012, it was known as the Grand National Party (한나라당 Hannara-dang). The party holds a majority of seats in the 19th Assembly, lasting from 2012 to 2016.
- 1 History
- 2 Political color
- 3 Policy
- 4 Criticism
- 5 List of Chairpersons
- 6 Election results
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (July 2008)|
The party was founded in 1997 as a merger of United Democratic Party and New Korea Party. Its earliest ancestor was the Democratic Republican Party under the rule of Park Chung-hee in 1963. Upon Park's death and at the beginning of the rule of Chun Doo-hwan in 1980, it was reconstituted and renamed as the Democratic Justice Party. In 1988, party member Roh Tae-woo introduced a wide range of political reforms including direct Presidential elections and a new constitution. The party was renamed in 1993, during the presidency of Kim Young-sam, with the merger of other parties to form the Democratic Liberal Party (Minju Jayudang). It was renamed as the New Korea Party (Sinhangukdang) in 1995, and it then became the Grand National Party in November 1997 following its merger with the smaller United Democratic Party (1996) and various conservative parties.
Three months later, with the election of Kim Dae-jung of the Centrist Reformists Democratic Party as president, the party's governing role came to an end, beginning its first ever period in opposition, which would last ten years. In October 2012, the Advancement Unification Party merged with the Saenuri Party.
Following the 2000 parliamentary elections, it was the single largest political party, with 54% of the vote and 147 seats out of 271.
The party was defeated in the parliamentary election in 2004 following the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun, gaining only 121 seats out of 299. The defeat reflected public disapproval of the impeachment which was instigated by the party. This was the first time in its history that the party had not won the most seats. It gained back five seats in by-elections, bringing it to 127 seats as of October 28, 2005.
In the April 2008 general election, the GNP secured a majority of 153 seats out of 299 and gained power in the administration and the parliament as well as most local governments, despite the low turnout of votes.
One of the main bases of popular support of the party originates from the conservative, traditionalist elite and the rural population, except for farmers. It is strongest in the Gyeongsang region. Former party head and 2007 presidential candidate Park Geun-hye is the daughter of former President Park Chung-hee who ruled from 1961 to 1979. Although Representative Won Hee-ryeong and Hong Jun-pyo ran for the party primary as reformist candidates, former Seoul mayor and official presidential candidate Lee Myung-bak gained more support (about 40%) from the Korean public.
The Grand National Party has celebrated its 14th anniversary on November 21, 2011 amid uncertainties from intra-party crises.
Emergency Response Commission
The Hong Jun-pyo leadership system collapsed on December 9, 2011 and GNP Emergency Response Commission was launched on December 17, 2011, with Park Geun-hye as commission chairperson, to prepare coming up Legislative Election 2012 on April 11, 2012 and Presidential Election 2012 on December 19, 2012.
There was a debate with Commission members about whether to transform the Grand National Party into a non-conservative political party or not, but Park said the GNP would never become non-conservative and will follow the real value of conservatism.
In February 2012, the party has changed its political official color from blue to red, in the past 30 years blue was the symbol of the conservative parties.
||This section possibly contains original research. (February 2012)|
The GNP supports free trade and neoliberal economic policies. The GNP favors maintaining strong ties with the United States while distancing South Korea from North Korea. The party is also conservative on social issues such as opposed any legal recognition of same-sex couples.
Four Major Rivers Project
One of the GNP's important policies is to financially secure the The Four Major Rivers Project since President Lee Myung-bak was in office. This project's budget disputes have sparked controversial political motions in the National Assembly for three consecutive years.
Sejong City Project
The GNP has been less inclined toward the creation of a new capital city for South Korea, to be called Sejong City than the previous administration. As of 2012, the Saenuri Party has indicated some governmental offices will relocated to the new city, but not all.
Human rights activism
Saenuri Party has been very active in promoting the North Korean Human Rights Law, which would officially condemn the use of torture, public executions and other human rights violations in North Korea. Saenuri representative Ha Tae Kyung is the founder of Open Radio for North Korea, an NGO dedicated to spreading news and information about democracy, which citizens of North Korea have little access to due to the government's isolationist policies. In April 2012, Saenuri member Cho Myung-Chul became the first North Korean defector elected to the National Assembly. In spring 2012, several Saenuri representatives took part in the "Save my friend" protests, organized to oppose China's policy of repatriating North Korean defectors, and expressed their solidarity with Park Sun-young's hunger strike.
||This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article's neutral point of view of the subject. (February 2012)|
Generating favorable online comments
- The GNP has records of secretly hiring and paying university students to generate online replies favorable to the GNP.
- GNP member Jin Seong-ho (진성호) formally apologized on July 2, 2009 for making a remark that "the GNP occupied Naver". Naver is one of the biggest South Korean internet portals.
December 8, 2010 controversial bill-passing
- The GNP passed a bill relating to the year 2011 national budget without the opposition parties' input on December 8, 2010. It had caused legislative violence before. This process of passing the budget bill sparked controversy of potential illegality. Due to this incident, many South Korean political, academic and citizen groups expressed their outrage against current mainstream politics. The reason for forceful passing of the bill is mainly due to the budget disputes in the controversial Four Major Rivers Project.
- Many Buddhists in South Korea criticized the budget bill on December 8, 2010 for neglecting the national Temple Stay program. This has led the Jogye Order, the largest Buddhist order in South Korea, to sever ties with the GNP and becoming financially independent without any funding from the government.
- The interns and the staff working in the National Assembly officially complained on December 17 that their salary was missing after the passing of this bill.
Inefficient public relations
- The GNP was criticized for having an inefficient public relations that resulted fewer people voting for them during the 2010 local elections.
Infiltration of opposition party
List of Chairpersons
- Cho Soon (November 21, 1997 – November 28, 1998)
- Lee Han-dong (November 29, 1998 – August 30, 1998) (acting)
- Lee Hoi-chang (August 31, 1998 – May 12, 2002)
- Park Kwan-yong (May 13, 2002 – May 14, 2002) (acting)
- Seo Cheong-won (May 14, 2002 – May 25, 2003)
- Choi Byeong-yul (May 26, 2003 – March 22, 2004)
- Park Geun-hye (March 23, 2004 – July 10, 2006)
- Kang Jae-sup (July 11, 2006 – July 3, 2008)
- Park Hee-tae (July 4, 2008 – September 7, 2009)
- Chung Mong-joon (September 7, 2009 – July 14, 2010)
- Ahn Sang-soo (July 14, 2010 – May 8, 2011)
- Jeong Ui-hwa (May 9, 2011 – July 4, 2011) (acting)
- Hong Jun-pyo (July 4, 2011 – December 16, 2011)
- Park Geun-hye (December 17, 2011 – May 15, 2012) (Emergency Response Commission)
- Hwang Woo-yea (May 15, 2012 - May 15, 2014)
- Lee Wan-gu (May 15, 2014 - July 14, 2014) (acting)
- Kim Moo-sung (since July 14, 2014)
|Election||Candidate||Total votes||Share of votes||Outcome||Party Name|
|1997||Lee Hoi-chang||9,935,718||38.7%||Lost||Grand National Party|
|2002||Lee Hoi-chang||11,443,297||46.5%||Lost||Grand National Party|
|2007||Lee Myung-bak||11,492,389||48.7%||Elected||Grand National Party|
|2012||Park Geun-hye||15,773,128||51.6%||Elected||Saenuri Party|
|Election||Total seats won||Total votes||Share of votes||Outcome of election||Election leader||Party Name|
|2000||7,365,359||39.0%||13 seats; Minority||Lee Hoi-chang||Grand National Party|
|2004||7,613,660||35.8%||24 seats; Minority||Park Geun-hye||Grand National Party|
|2008||6,421,727||37.4%||32 seats; Majority||Kang Jae-seop||Grand National Party|
|2012||9,130,651||42.8%||1 seats; Majority||Park Geun-hye||Saenuri Party|
|Election||Metropolitan mayor/Governor||Provincial legislature||Municipal mayor||Municipal legislature||Party Name|
|1998||Grand National Party|
|2002||Grand National Party|
|2006||Grand National Party|
|2010||Grand National Party|
- South Korean presidential election, 2012
- South Korean legislative election, 2012
- South Korean legislative election, 2008
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