This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Spīn Ghar (Pashto: سپين غر), "white mountain", also known as Safēd Kōh (Persian/Urdu: سفید کوه), Speen Ghar, or the Indian Caucasus as late as the 19th century, and as the Morga Range, is a mountain range in eastern Afghanistan, which expands into the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. It is situated in the East of 'Dra Khebar'. Its highest peak, straight and rigid Mount Sikaram, towers above all surrounding hills to 4,761 m (15,620 ft) above mean sea level. The Kabul River cuts a narrow trough through the Spīn Ghar mountains to flow eastward into the Indus River; otherwise, the range connects directly with the Shandur Top offshoot of the Hindu Kush mountain system.
The Khyber Pass crosses a spur of the Spīn Ghar. The second crossing, near Mount Sikaram, is called Piewar-Kotal or Gawi Pass, which connects Parachinar city in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas with the Aryob Valley of Paktia, Afghanistan. From the highest peak Mount Sikaram (Sikaram Sar) towards eastward, it passes on the north of Piewar, Alizai, Tari Mengal, Khewas, Shilawzan, Luqman Khel, Maikay, Chappri Rest House, Zeran, Parachamkani and Upper Khyber Agency. The closest cities to the Spīn Ghar are Parachinar and Gardez.
Above the nearly barren lower slopes, forests of pine and deodar cedar thrived on the main range, but devastation during the Afghan civil war reduced timber resources. The valleys still support some agriculture.
According to US military intelligence, many al-Qaeda fighters, including Osama Bin Laden, crossed the Spīn Ghar to escape to Pakistan during the Tora Bora offensive in 2001. After 2004, the Spīn Ghar mountain range was a pivotal place and theater of many battles fought between the foreign fighters of al-Qaeda and the joint-warfare command of the Pakistan Armed Forces, with the latter trying to prevent the foreign fighters' incursion into Pakistan.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
|This Afghanistan location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Pakistan location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|