Schweizeische Ausstellung für Frauenarbeit
The Schweizeische Ausstellung für Frauenarbeit (SAFFA, English: Swiss Exhibition for Women's Work) was an exhibition that took place in Bern in 1928 and in Zürich in 1958. SAFFA was organized by the Bund Schweizerischer Frauenvereine (BFS, the Federation of Swiss Women's Associations), the Swiss Catholic Women's League (SKF), and 28 other Swiss women's associations, to highlight the precarious situation of working women in the postwar years.
In the '"Viererfeld" area (today Länggasse-Felsenau) in Bern, the first Saffa was held from 26 August until 30 September 1928. Louise (Lux) Guyer, the first Swiss women architect, was the chief organizator, and she completed the buildings in only three months using prefabricated elements made of wood. When the fair opened, her reputation was firmly established. Focus of the exhibition were the services of women in family, working life, science and art; the representation of women's work and their importance for the Swiss economy and society. Saffa also promoted the female self-confidence and campaigned –for the so far not related – political rights to the Swiss women and the right to a gainful employment, as well as for their recognition as Swiss citizens with all political rights, unless the Women's suffrage in Switzerland was realized in the last cantons in 1990.
From 17 July until 15 September 1958, the BSF led the second Saffa with over a hundred national and cantonal women's organisations on the Landiwiese in Zürich-Wollishofen. Before, the Saffa-Insel, an artificial island was poured, being still a popular meeting place that is also used as lido in the summer and for events. As chief architect of the exhibition, which stood under the motto "Life circle of women in family, occupation, and country", acted Annemarie Hubacher-Constam. SAFFA presented the women, who were wanted in the booming economy as consumers and workers, possibilities in the areas of education, employment, shopping and leisure. In accordance with the needs of economic and sociopolitical needs, SAFFA promoted the then three-phase model as an 'ideal female curriculum': employment prior to the marriage, motherhood, and return to the labour market. In addition, the women had to absorb negative impacts of the rapidly changing world, nevertheless, by spreading harmony inside and outside of their families. The men should be made aware of 'women services' in the service of the general public on the indispensability and so motivated to fix the social discrimination against women. With the profits from the two exhibitions, solidarity works were established for women.
Having 1.9 million visitors, the exhibition was organized exclusively and also designed by women, including ETH Zurich alumnae Berta Rahm and Claire Rufer-Eckmann. An innovation and particularly startling were the rotundas, which were planned as manifestation of the solidarity of women. Topics such as "my home – my world", "needle and thread" and "in the realm of the kitchen" attracted the then housewives. The Saffa 1958 was marked by the upcoming vote to women's suffrage, thus the promoters did not practice an overly combative appearance and even created a "men paradise" (Männerparadies) department. On occasion of the Saffatheater Jörg Schneider played in the cabaret comedy Lysistrata.
For that time, the women excelled with innovative ideas, among the Saffa Women's Orchestra at the opening concert, of course, exclusively from women musicians, and directed by the first women conductor who graduated in Switzerland, Hedi Salquin, who conducted the concerto for orchestra Intrada by Fernande Peyrot (1888–1978) in the Wasserkirche auditorium.
The exhibition was a great success and generated a substantial financial surplus that was used for solidarity associations for women. The Saffa island was dedicated to women, and is part of the water lot owned by the canton of Zürich.
The Swiss Federal Council signed the optional protocol as an addition to the Women Convention for the legal and formal recognition of the full human rights of women in Switzerland in February 2007. The Internet platform frauennet.ch proposed the decision to organise a third SAFFA on the occasion of their women picnic brunches on the Swiss national holiday on the Saffa-Island in Zürich. For financial reasons, the project could not be started for the time being. Alliance F, as before better known as Bund Schweizerischer Frauenvereine (BFS), prepares a third Saffa, founded the "2020" association for this purpose, and initiated the project "2020 – der weibliche blick auf die zukunft" (literally: 2020 – the female looks to the future). The project seeks to capture ideas and visions for the future of our society from the perspective of women and in an appropriate manner of the public present. A first web presentation was 2013 and started the realization phase to SAFFA 2020.
The project 2020 – der weibliche blick auf die zukunft is under the patronage of the three federal councillors (Bundesrat) Doris Leuthard, Simonetta Sommaruga and Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf as well as by the former councillor (aBR) Micheline Calmy-Rey.
- Sibylle Brändli: Der Supermarkt im Kopf: Konsumkultur und Wohlstand in der Schweiz nach 1945. Böhlau Verlag, Wien 2000, ISBN 9783205992646.
- Marie-Louise Barben, Elisabeth Ryter: Verflixt und zugenähnt. Frauenberufsbildung - Frauenerwerbsarbeit 1888 - 1988. Bern 1988, ISBN 9783905278330.
- M. Beyeler: La SAFFA (Schweiz. Ausstellung für Frauenarbeit) de 1958 à Zurich: son architecture et ses architectes. Dissertation, Lausanne 1999.
- Dorothee Huber: Die Tugend der Not. Zu den beiden historischen Ausstellungen für Frauenarbeit (SAFFA 1928 und 1958). In: Ausstellungen - Darstellungen, Beiträge zum Diplomwahlfach "Frauen in der Geschichte des Bauens", Vol. 3, Petra Stojanik (pbl), Lehrstuhl Flora Ruchat-Roncati ETHZ, Zürich 1995.
- "Mutige Manifestation der Frauen: Die SAFFA 1928". frauennet.ch (in German).
- "La vie de Rosa Neuenschwander (PDF)". Femmes Suisses et le mouvement féministe (in French). No. 51. 1963.
- Dagmar Böcker (2006-03-10). "9326" (in German). HDS. Retrieved 2014-12-01.
- "SAFFAhaus" (in German). saffahaus.ch. Retrieved 2014-12-01.
- Yvonne Voegeli (2011-12-09). "Saffa" (in German). HDS. Retrieved 2014-12-01.
- Dagmar Böcker (2012-08-27). "Hubacher [-Constam], Annemarie" (in German). HDS. Retrieved 2014-12-01.
- Jakob, Evelyne Lang. "The Life and Work of Berta Rahm, 1910 - 1998," IAWA Newsletter, Fall 1999, V. 11, p. 1. "Berta Rahm and Clair Rufer" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-03-28.
- "Berta Rahm". Frauennet. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- "Die Ausstellungen". stiftung-frauenarbeit.ch. Retrieved 2014-12-04.
- "Jörg Schneider ist tot" (in German). Zürcher Oberländer. 2015-08-22. Retrieved 2015-08-22.
- "Die SAFFA – Schweizerische Ausstellung für Frauenarbeit" (in German). frauennet.ch. Retrieved 2014-12-04.
- "Patronat" (in German). 2020.ch. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saffa-Insel.|
- Yvonne Voegeli: Saffa in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 9 December 2011.
- alliance F (in German) (in French)
- Stiftung für Erforschung der Frauenarbeit (in German) (in French) (in Italian)
- 2020 – Der weibliche Blick auf die Zukunft (in German) (in French)