The saffron-headed parrot (Pyrilia pyrilia) is a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae. It was previously placed in the genus Pionopsitta, but moved out, as it is not as close to the type species Pionopsitta pileata as it was believed. It was briefly placed in Gypopsitta, but this is a junior synonym of Pyrilia and thus the saffron-headed parrot is now placed in the latter genus.
It is found in Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, and possibly Ecuador. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. It has some tolerance to habitat alteration, depending on woodland but not being restricted to primary forest .
The saffron-headed parrot is becoming rare due by habitat loss. It was considered to be noticeably declining and thus uplisted to vulnerable in the 2000 IUCN Red List. Since then, it has been found to be more common than previously believed—though still becoming rarer—with robust populations in some places (e.g., the Serranía de las Quinchas of Colombia) and thus it was downlisted from vulnerable to near-threatened in the 2007 IUCN Red List.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Pyrilia pyrilia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Laverde-R., Oscar; Stiles, F. Gary; & Múnera-R., Claudia. (2005). Nuevos registros e inventario de la avifauna de la Serranía de las Quinchas, un área importante para la conservación de las aves (AICA) en Colombia [New records and updated inventory of the avifauna of the Serranía de las Quinchas, an important bird area (IBA) in Colombia]. Caldasia 27(2): 247-265 [Spanish with English abstract]. PDF fulltext
- Cuervo, Andrés M.; Hernández-Jaramillo, Alejandro; Cortés-Herrera, José Oswaldo & Laverde, Oscar. (2007). Nuevos registros de aves en la parte alta de la Serranía de las Quinchas, Magdalena medio, Colombia [New bird records from the highlands of Serranía de las Quinchas, middle Magdalena valley, Colombia]. Ornitología Colombiana 5: 94-98 [Spanish with English abstract]. PDF fulltext
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