Saffron Walden (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Saffron Walden in Essex
Location of Essex within England
|Electorate||77,109 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Saffron Walden, Great Dunmow, Halstead|
|Member of Parliament||Kemi Badenoch (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||West Essex|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries and boundary changes
- 3 Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
- 4 Constituency profile
- 5 Members of Parliament
- 6 Elections
- 6.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 6.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 6.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 6.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 6.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 6.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 6.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 6.8 Election in the 1940s
- 6.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 6.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 6.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 6.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 6.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 6.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
Saffron Walden was one of eight single-member divisions of Essex (later classified as county constituencies) created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, replacing the three two member divisions of East, South and West Essex.
The boundaries were redrawn under the Representation of the People Act 1918, then remaining virtually unchanged until changes brought in for the 2010 general election by the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies.
This has been a Conservative safe seat based on election results since 1922, in which period the majorities have occasionally been marginal, but with the seat now boasting a majority of over 24,000, with Labour finishing second in the seat in the 2017 general election, the first time this has happened since 1970.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Saffron Walden, the Sessional Divisions of Freshwell, Hinckford North, and Walden, part of the Sessional Division of Hinckford South (Halstead Bench), the part of the Municipal Borough of Sudbury in the county of Essex, and the civil parish of Thaxted.
1950-1974: The Municipal Borough of Saffron Walden, the Urban District of Halstead, the Rural Districts of Dunmow, Halstead, and Saffron Walden, and in the Rural District of Braintree the civil parishes of Bardfield Saling and Great Bardfield.
Local authorities re-organised - only nominal changes to boundaries of constituency.
1974-1983: The Municipal Borough of Saffron Walden, the Urban District of Halstead, and the Rural Districts of Dunmow, Halstead, and Saffron Walden.
The two small parishes within the Rural District of Braintree included in the new County Constituency of Braintree.
1983-1997: The District of Uttlesford, and the District of Braintree wards of Bumpstead, Castle Hedingham, Colne Engaine and Greenstead Green, Earls Colne, Gosfield, Halstead St Andrews, Halstead Trinity, Sible Hedingham, Stour Valley Central, Stour Valley North, Stour Valley South, Upper Colne, and Yeldham.
Local authorities re-organised - n0 changes to boundaries of constituency.
1997-2010: The District of Uttlesford, and the District of Braintree wards of Bumpstead, Castle Hedingham, Colne Engaine and Greenstead Green, Halstead St Andrews, Halstead Trinity, Sible Hedingham, Stour Valley Central, Stour Valley North, Stour Valley South, Upper Colne, and Yeldham.
Two small wards (Earls Colne and Gosfield) transferred to Braintree.
2010–present: The District of Uttlesford, and the Borough of Chelmsford wards of Boreham and The Leighs, Broomfield and The Walthams, Chelmsford Rural West, and Writtle.
The 2010 redistribution resulted in a major change, with eastern areas in the District of Braintree, including Halstead, being transferred to the County Constituency of Braintree. Extended southwards to incorporate northern and western rural areas of the Borough of Chelmsford, including Writtle, which were transferred from the abolished County Constituency of West Chelmsford.
Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
The Commission has recommended that the Borough of Chelmsford wards be transferred back out (to three different constituencies), with four rural wards in the District of Braintree being transferred in from the Braintree constituency.
The constituency is by far the largest and most rural in Essex, and covers the entire north-west corner of the county: an area of almost 400 square miles (1,000 km2). It borders Hertfordshire and Cambridgeshire, and also extends deep into the middle of Essex near Chelmsford.
Three medium-sized market towns, Saffron Walden, Dunmow and Halstead are in the constituency. All three have historic links, and are busy and regionally visitor-drawing[clarification needed] towns in the South East.
The largest single source of employment in the constituency is Stansted Airport, while there are also a host of small businesses, many of them high-tech, along and at the ends of the London-Cambridge corridor.
- In statistics
The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of two local government districts with similar characteristics. Uttlesford district forms the bulk, and has a working population whose income is close to the national average and much lower than average reliance upon social housing. At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood at 1.6% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 2.4%. The borough contributing to the bulk of the seat has a very low 10.1% of its population without a car, 17.7% of the population without qualifications and a high 31.9% had level 4 qualifications or above. In terms of tenure 71.6% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage as at the 2011 census across the Uttlesford district.
Members of Parliament
Since the snap election in 2017, this safe Conservative seat has been represented by Kemi Badenoch. It was held for many years by former Chancellor of the Exchequer Rab Butler and by former Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons Sir Alan Haselhurst.
|1921||Independent Parliamentary Group|
|1922||William Foot Mitchell||Unionist|
|1929||Rab Butler||Conservative||Chancellor of the Exchequer 1951-1955.|
Father of the House 1964-1965.
Disqualified February 1965 on being raised to the peerage.
|1965 by-election||Sir Peter Kirk||Conservative||Died April 1977.|
|1977 by-election||Sir Alan Haselhurst||Conservative||Previously MP for Middleton and Prestwich 1970-1974.|
Chairman of Ways and Means 1997-2010.
|2017||Kemi Badenoch||Conservative||Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Children and Families (2019–present)|
Elections in the 2010s
|Labour||Tom van de Bilt|
|Liberal Democrat||Mike Hibbs|
|Liberal Democrat||Mike Hibbs||8,528||14.0||+3.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Mike Hibbs||6,079||10.6||−16.9|
|Residents for Uttlesford||Heather Asker||1,658||2.9||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Wilcock||14,913||27.4||−2.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Elfreda Tealby-Watson||14,255||26.9||+2.0|
|English Democrat||Raymond Brown||860||1.6||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Elfreda Tealby-Watson||12,481||24.9||−1.9|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Melvin H. Caton||15,298||26.8||−1.8|
|Labour||Malcolm J. Fincken||12,275||21.5||+7.2|
|Natural Law||Christopher Edwards||154||0.3||−0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Hayes||17,848||28.6||−0.3|
|Natural Law||Michael D. Miller||260||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|All Party Anti-Common Market||Oliver Smedley||217||0.4||−1.1|
|Social Democratic||John Torode||15,620||29.27|
|All Party Anti-Common Market||Oliver Smedley||797||1.49|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||R Bailey||342||0.64|
|All Party Anti-Common Market||Oliver Smedley||1,818||4.47||N/A|
|Liberal||Frank P D Moore||14,770||30.32|
|Liberal||Frank P D Moore||15,468||29.97|
|Liberal||Frank P D Moore||6,959||15.00|
Elections in the 1960s
|Liberal||Frank P D Moore||5,487||12.73|
|Labour||Michael D Cornish||15,358||39.5||+2.0|
|Liberal||Frank P D Moore||4,626||11.9||-1.4|
|Labour||Michael D Cornish||15,655||37.5|
|Liberal||Frank P D Moore||6,189||13.3|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Hampden N Horne||14,173||36.00|
|Liberal||David J Ridley||4,245||10.78|
|Labour||Hampden N Horne||14,253||37.28|
|Liberal||Helen G Carson||3,209||8.42|
|Labour||Sidney Stanley Wilson||14,908||37.58|
Election in the 1940s
|Labour||Sidney Stanley Wilson||15,792||43.70|
|Liberal||George Adolphus Edinger||3,395||9.39|
Elections in the 1930s
General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
|Labour||Sidney Stanley Wilson||6,468||22.33|
- The Liberal candidate, Arthur Musgrove Mathews withdrew at the last minute
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||Arthur Musgrove Mathews||8,307||27.2||+5.4|
|Unionist||William Foot Mitchell||12,289||51.6|
|Liberal||Arthur Musgrove Mathews||5,195||21.8|
|Unionist||William Foot Mitchell||9,652||44.3||+0.7|
|Liberal||Robert McNair Wilson||5,752||26.4||+13.8|
|Unionist||William Foot Mitchell||9,844||43.6|
|National Liberal||W D Harbinson||3,097||13.7|
|Liberal||Robert McNair Wilson||2,853||12.6|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1910s
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.8|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+10.5|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||Charles Wing Gray||3,202||44.5||−4.6|
|Conservative||Charles Wing Gray||3,137||49.1||+2.1|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||Charles Wing Gray||3,381||47.0||+10.0|
- Caused by Gardner's appointment as President of the Board of Agriculture
|Conservative||Philip Vernon Smith||2,683||37.0||−8.0|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative||George William Brewis||3,319||45.0||+6.3|
|Conservative||Charles Hedley Strutt||3,006||38.7||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- Fraser, Hugh (1918). The Representation of the people act, 1918 : with explanatory notes. University of California Libraries. London : Sweet and Maxwell.
- "Representation of the People Act, 1948". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
- 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Boundary Commission for England.
- "Grid Reference Finder". www.gridreferencefinder.com.
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "2011 census interactive maps". Archived from the original on 2016-01-29.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 1)
- "Tom van de Bilt selected as Labour Parliamentary candidate for Saffron Walden". Retrieved 29 October 2019.
- "Coby Wing (@CobyWing)".
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885–1918 (Craig)
- The Times, 3 June 1901 p7
- "Saffron Walden". Herts & Cambs Reporter & Royston Crow. 18 Sep 1891. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
- "Saffron Walden Division". Essex Herald. 19 June 1886. p. 4. Retrieved 10 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
| UK Parliament constituency
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer
| Constituency represented by the Father of the House
Thirsk and Malton