Safiya Zaghloul

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Safiya Zaghloul
Safiya Zaghloul.jpg
Died1946 (aged 69–70)
Spouse(s)Saad Zaghloul
Parent(s)Mustafa Fahmi Pasha (father)

Safiya Zaghloul (1876–1946) was an Egyptian political activist. She was among the early leaders of the Wafd Party.


Of Turkish origin,[1] Zaghloul was born in 1876.[2] She was the daughter of Mustafa Fahmi Pasha, the former prime minister of Egypt.[3]

She married Saad Zaghloul in 1896,[4] an Egyptian revolutionary and Prime Minister of Egypt from 26 January 1924 to 24 November 1924.[5]


After the exile of her husband Saad Zaghloul to the Seychelles[6] in 1919, she became a central figure of the Wafd Party, and her home a center for the party. She organized a demonstration of 500 women. After the death of her spouse in 1927, Zaghloul was central in the appointment of a new party leader. In fact, she was the leader of the Women's Wafd.[3] She retired from political life after the party split of 1937.

She was known as Umm al-Misriyyin (The Mother of the Egyptians) and her home in Cairo was called as "Bayt al-Umma" (the House of the Nation).[7]


  1. ^ House of the Nation, Al-Ahram, Safiya Zaghloul herself played an important role in Egypt's political movement. Of Turkish origin and the daughter of Mustafa Pasha Fahmi (who formed the cabinet five times), she mobilised Egyptian ladies to stage a demonstration during the 1919 revolution. This was the first time that Arab women participated in such a politically- oriented movement, and for that she was called Umm Al-Masryeen, the Mother of Egyptians.
  2. ^ Ahmed Zaki Osman (8 March 2012). "Women's movement: A look back, and forward". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Women in power". Women leaders guide. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  4. ^ Albert Hourani (1962). Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798-1939. London: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 December 2013. – via Questia (subscription required)
  5. ^ Steven A. Cook (1 September 2011). The Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square. Oxford University Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-19-979532-1. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  6. ^ "This day in history: Mother of Egyptians Safeya Zaghloul dies in 1946 - Egypt Independent". Egypt Independent. 12 January 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
  7. ^ Nabila Ramdani (2013). "Women in the 1919 Egyptian Revolution: From Feminist Awakening to Nationalist Political Activism". Journal of International Women's Studies. 14 (2): 39–52. Retrieved 28 October 2013.