(Based on recalibrated radiocarbon dating)
|Period||Phase||Dates BC c.|
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The Saflieni phase is one of the eleven phases of Maltese prehistory, the fourth of five in the middle or Temple period. It is named for the Ħal-Saflieni Hypogeum, an underground temple complex now recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, which was built mainly in this period.
The Saflieni phase, from approximately 3300–3000 BC, is a brief transitional phase between the Ġgantija and Tarxien phases, the two main phases during which the principal Megalithic temples of Malta were built.:21 Saflieni-phase ceramics may provide a useful indication of separation between the two long phases.:45 They have been recovered a number of Megalithic sites, including: the top level of the remains at Santa Verna at Xagħra in Gozo; from the eastern part of the temple of Ta' Ħaġrat in Mġarr; and from the lower levels of the east temple at Skorba.:45–46
- World Heritage List: Hal Saflieni Hypogeum. UNESCO. Accessed February 2014.
- David Hilary Trump (1972). Malta: An Archaeological Guide. London: Faber and Faber.
- Reuben Grima (2008). Landscape, Territories, and the Life-Histories of Monuments in Temple Period Malta. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 21 (1): 35–56. doi:10.1558/jmea.v21i1.35. (subscription required).
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