Safranbolu

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Safranbolu
District
A street at the historical market of shoemakers in Safranbolu
A street at the historical market of shoemakers in Safranbolu
Location of Safranbolu within Turkey.
Location of Safranbolu within Turkey.
Safranbolu is located in Turkey
Safranbolu
Safranbolu
Location of Safranbolu
Coordinates: 41°15′N 32°41′E / 41.250°N 32.683°E / 41.250; 32.683
Country  Turkey
Region Black Sea
Province Karabük
Government
 • Mayor Necdet Aksoy (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 999.99 km2 (386.10 sq mi)
Elevation 485 m (1,591 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 43,060
 • District 55,170
 • District density 55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 78xxx
Area code(s) 370
Licence plate 78
Climate Cfa
Website www.safranbolu.bel.tr
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Criteria Cultural: (ii), (iv), (v) Edit this on Wikidata[3]
Reference 614
Inscription 1994 (18th Session)

Safranbolu (Greek: Σαφράμπολις, Saframpolis) is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is about 9 km north of the city of Karabük, 200 kilometres (120 mi) north of Ankara and about 100 km south of the Black Sea coast. The town's historic names in Greek were Theodoroupolis (Θεοδωρούπολις, i.e. city of Theodorus or female Theodora) and later Saframpolis (Σαφράμπολις). Its former names in Turkish were Zalifre and Taraklıborlu. It was part of Kastamonu Province until 1923 and Zonguldak Province between 1923 and 1995.

According to the 2000 census, the population of the district was 47,257, of which 31,697 lived in the town of Safranbolu.[4] The district covers an area of 1,000 km2 (386 sq mi),[5] and the town lies at an elevation of 485 m (1,591 ft).

The Old Town preserves many historic buildings, with 1008 registered historical artifacts. These are: 1 private museum, 25 mosques, 5 tombs, 8 historical fountains, 5 Turkish baths, 3 caravanserais, 1 historical clock tower, 1 sundial and hundreds of houses and mansions. Also, there are mounds of ancient settlements, rock tombs and historical bridges. The Old Town is situated in a deep ravine in a fairly dry area in the rain shadow of the mountains. The New Town can be found on the plateau about two kilometers west of the Old Town.

The name of the town derives from "saffron" and the Greek word polis (πόλις) meaning "city",[6][7] since Safranbolu was a trading place and a center for growing saffron.[6][7] Today, saffron is still grown at the village of Davutobası to the east of Safranbolu, with a road distance of 22 kilometres.[6][7]

Safranbolu was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in 1994 due to its well-preserved Ottoman era houses and architecture.[8]

Gallery[edit]

A panoramic view from the historical town

Sister cities[edit]

Notable natives[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/614.
  4. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute. "Census 2000, Key statistics for urban areas of Turkey" (in Turkish). Archived from the original (XLS) on 2007-07-22. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 
  5. ^ Statoids. "Statistical information on districts of Turkey". Archived from the original on 2010-05-26. Retrieved 2008-11-22. 
  6. ^ a b c "Safranbolu". World Heritage Site. Retrieved 3 February 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c "Saffron Harvest in the Land of the Golden Plant". Cornucopia. Retrieved 3 February 2017. 
  8. ^ "City of Safranbolu". UNESCO World Heritage Convention. Retrieved 3 February 2017. 
  9. ^ Elabuga and Safranbolu become sister cities Archived May 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°14′57.80″N 32°40′59.52″E / 41.2493889°N 32.6832000°E / 41.2493889; 32.6832000