|Birth name||Sagadat Kozhahmetovich Nurmagambetov|
|Born||25 May 1924|
Kosym, Kazak ASSR, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
(now in Aqmola Region, Kazakhstan)
|Died||24 September 2013 (aged 89)|
|Allegiance|| Soviet Union (1942–1991) |
|Service/|| Red Army / Soviet Army |
Ground Forces of Kazakhstan
|Years of service||1942–1991|
|Rank||Army general (Ret.)|
Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich Nurmagambetov (Kazakh: Сағадат Қожахметұлы Нұрмағамбетов, Saǵadat Qojahmetuly Nurmaǵambetov, ساعادات قوجاحمەتۇلى نۇرماعامبەتوۆ; Russian: Сагадат Кожахметович Нурмагамбе́тов, Sagadat Kožachmetovič Nurmagambetov; 25 May 1924 – 24 September 2013) was a Soviet and Kazakhstani general who served as Chairman of Kazakhstan's State Defense Committee in 1991-1992 and Kazakhstan's first Minister of Defense following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, holding the office of Defense Minister from May 1992 to November 1995. He was an adviser to Nursultan Nazarbayev in 1995-1996.
Nurmagambetov began his military career as a machine gun platoon commander in the Red Army in World War II. He was promoted to machine gun company and infantry battalion commander, earning the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union in February 1945. His battalion went on to storm the Reich Chancellory at the Battle of Berlin in April 1945. Nurmagambetov graduated from the Frunze Military Academy after World War II and rose to become one of the highest-ranked Kazakh officers in the peacetime Soviet Army, attaining the rank of colonel-general. He retired from the military of Kazakhstan as an army general in 1995. Nurmagambetov was named a Hero of Kazakhstan in 1994, becoming the first Kazakhstani to receive this honour.
Nurmagambetov was born on 25 May 1924 in the settlement of Kosym in the Kazak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Russian SFSR (later Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic), now in Aqmola Region in Kazakhstan. He joined the Red Army in 1942. He received accelerated machine gun officer's training at the 1st Turkestan Machine Gun School in Kushka, Turkmen SSR (now Serhetabat in Turkmenistan) and was sent to the front lines of the Eastern Front of World War II in April 1943. He led a machine gun platoon, a machine gun company, and infantry battalion and was awarded the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union with the Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union (medal no. 5214) and the Order of Lenin by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on 27 February 1945. He fought in the Battle of Berlin and led his battalion's troops in the storming of Berlin's Reich Chancellery in April 1945.
Nurmagambetov attended the Frunze Military Academy from June 1946 until his graduation from the Academy in November 1949, continuing his military career as a senior operations section officer for the Turkestan Military District staff, a motorized rifle division's commanding officer and chief of staff, Civil Defense Forces of the Kazakh SSR chief of staff, a deputy commanding officer of the Central Asian Military District, and first deputy commander of the Soviet Union's Southern Group of Forces in Hungary. He was elected to serve as a deputy of Kazakhstan's Supreme Soviet from 1971 until 1994, and chosen to lead its committee on the disabled and military veterans' affairs in 1989. He was appointed to head Kazakhstan's State Defense Committee by Nursultan Nazarbayev in October 1991. He was named Kazakhstan's first Defence Minister following the State Defense Committee's reorganization as the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Kazakhstan in May 1992 and remained as Defense Minister in Nazarbayev's cabinet until retiring from the armed forces as an army general in November 1995.
He was awarded Kazakhstan's highest official award, the newly established honorary title of Hero of Kazakhstan, in 1994 – the first Kazakh to attain the honor. He was an adviser to Nazarbayev from 1995 to 1996. He died on 24 September 2013. His son Talgat is a major-general in the reserve.
The Astana Zhas Ulan Republican School is named after Nurmagambetov.
Honours and Awards
- Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
- Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union
- Order of Lenin
- Order of the October Revolution
- Order of the Red Banner
- Order of the Patriotic War, 1st class and 2nd class
- Order of the Red Star, twice
- Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR, 3rd class
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour, twice
- Order of the Badge of Honour
- Medal for Combat Service
- Medal "For Military Valour. To commemorate the 100th anniversary of VI Lenin"
- Medal "For Distinction in Guarding the State Border of the USSR"
- Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- Jubilee Medal "Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- Jubilee Medal "Thirty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- Jubilee Medal "Forty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- Medal "For the Capture of Berlin"
- Medal "For the Liberation of Warsaw"
- Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Medal "For Strengthening Military Cooperation"
- Jubilee Medal "40 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Jubilee Medal "60 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Medal "For Impeccable Service" 1st, 2nd and 3rd classes
- Republic of Kazakhstan
- Hero of Kazakhstan
- Order of Otan
- Medal "Astana"
- Medal "10 Years of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan"
- Medal "10 years of independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan"
- Jubilee Medal "50 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- Jubilee Medal "60 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- Russian Federation
- Order of Bohdan Khmelnytsky, 3rd class (2004)
- Honour of the President of Ukraine
- Medal "Defender of the Motherland"
- Jubilee medal "60 years of Ukraine's liberation from Nazi invaders"
- Order "September 9, 1944", 1st class with swords.
- Medal "30 Years of Victory over Japan's militarists"
- "Nurmagambetov, Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich". CentrAsia. Retrieved 30 September 2011. (in Russian)
- "Nurmagambetov, Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich". Archived 2011-08-20 at the Wayback Machine Biografia.kz. Retrieved 30 September 2011. (in Russian)
- Sagadat Nurmagambetov's obituary Archived 2013-09-28 at the Wayback Machine (in Kazakh)
- "Prezident nagradil ordenom Bogdana Khmelnitskogo eks-ministra oborony Kazakhstana". Retrieved 30 September 2011. (in Russian)