Sagamore Hill Military Reservation
|Sagamore Hill Military Reservation|
|Part of Harbor Defenses of Boston|
|Sagamore Beach, Massachusetts|
|Controlled by||United States Army|
|Built by||United States Army|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Garrison||Sagamore Beach, Massachusetts|
|Occupants||Battery C, 241st Coast Artillery|
Sagamore Hill Military Reservation was built on state land in 1941-1942 by Battery C, 241st Coast Artillery Regiment of the Massachusetts National Guard, beginning shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. Its mission was to protect the northern entrance of the Cape Cod Canal from possible naval attack; it was mirrored at the southern entrance by Butler Point Military Reservation. The site had two "Panama mounts" (circular concrete platforms) for two towed 155mm guns. It never fired its guns in defense but did play an important part in the defense of the canal. The reservation was deactivated on 1 April 1945.
The site now
The Panama mounts and battery commander's station of the two-gun 155 mm battery still remain, as well as several magazine "igloos".
- Berhow, Mark A., Ed. (2015). American Seacoast Defenses, A Reference Guide, Third Edition. McLean, Virginia: CDSG Press. ISBN 978-0-9748167-3-9.
- Butler, Gerald (2002). The Military History of the Cape Cod Canal. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0738510092.
- Farson, Robert H. (1977). The Cape Cod Canal. Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 0819550124.
- Lewis, Emanuel Raymond (1979). Seacoast Fortifications of the United States. Annapolis: Leeward Publications. ISBN 978-0-929521-11-4.
- US Army Corps of Engineers history of the Cape Cod Canal through 1940
- http://www.nae.usace.army.mil/recreati/ccc/history/ww2_coastal/ww2coastal.htm (dead link 18 March 2016)
- Williams, Eric, "Guard protected Cape Cod Canal", 11 November 2010, http://capecodonline.com (Cape Cod Times site), retrieved 3 September 2013.
- List of all US coastal forts and batteries at the Coast Defense Study Group, Inc. website
- FortWiki, lists most CONUS and Canadian forts
- Harbor Defenses of Boston at NorthAmericanForts.com