Sagar, Madhya Pradesh

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This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Sagar District.
For other uses, see Sagar (disambiguation).
Sagar
सागर
City
Sagar City.JPG
Sagar is located in Madhya Pradesh
Sagar
Sagar
Sagar is located in India
Sagar
Sagar
Coordinates: 23°50′N 78°43′E / 23.83°N 78.71°E / 23.83; 78.71Coordinates: 23°50′N 78°43′E / 23.83°N 78.71°E / 23.83; 78.71
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Sagar
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body Sagar Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Abhay Dare
Area
 • Metro 49.763 km2 (19.214 sq mi)
 • Sagar Division 6,375 km2 (2,461 sq mi)
Elevation 427 m (1,401 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 273,282
 • Density 150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 470001,2,3,4
Telephone code 91 7582
Vehicle registration MP-15
Spoken Languages Hindi, Bundeli
Website www.sagar.nic.in

Sagar (Saugor), (Hindi: सागर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in central India. Situated on a spur of the Vindhya Range and 1,758 feet (536 m) above sea-level. The city is around 180 kilometres (110 mi) northeast of state capital, Bhopal. Its original name 'Saugor' is an amalgamation of two words: sau meaning 100 and gahr meaning forts; there were countless small-forts in this region. With time the name has changed from Saugor to Sagar.[1][2]

Sagar is a cosmopolitan mix of population from everywhere in India living in harmony and is the sixth largest settlement in Madhya Pradesh. The development index of the city was quite limited before but things are picking up now and the wave of development can be felt lately.

Sagar has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.[3] Popular place - Dr. hari Singh Gour Central University.This university is the best university in india for education and climate. Famous people:🇮🇳 Ashish Yadav Babu is the Vice President of sagar university and he works for poor and weak people.He worked so much for his university. The people of this university liked him so much

History[edit]

The ancient Indian kingdom of Chedi had its capital at Suktimati, which is located in Sagar in contemporary times. The history of Sagar District before 1022 A.D. is generally unknown; after that, records are available. Sagar was under the rule of Ahir Rajas and their capital was at Garhpehra. In 1660, Udenshah founded the present town of Sagar.[4] Sagar owes its importance to having been made the capital of the Maratha governor Govind Pant Bundele who established himself here in 1735. By a treaty concluded with the Maratha Peshwa in 1818, at the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the greater part of the present district was made over to the British. The town became the capital of the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories, then attached to the North-Western Provinces. The Saugor and Nerbudda Territories later became part of the Central Provinces (afterwards Central Provinces and Berar) and Sagar District was added to Jabalpur Division. During the Revolt of 1857 the whole district was in the possession of the rebels, except the town and fort, in which the British were shut up for eight months, until relieved by Sir Hugh Rose. The rebels were totally defeated and British rule restored by March 1858.

Climate[edit]

Sagar has humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with hot summers, a somewhat cooler monsoon season and cool winters. Very heavy rain falls in the monsoon season from June to September.

Climate data for Sagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.2
(90)
35.0
(95)
39.1
(102.4)
42.8
(109)
46.0
(114.8)
44.8
(112.6)
40.0
(104)
35.3
(95.5)
38.1
(100.6)
36.0
(96.8)
34.6
(94.3)
30.6
(87.1)
46
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
26.7
(80.1)
32.2
(90)
37.8
(100)
40.6
(105.1)
37.2
(99)
30.2
(86.4)
28.6
(83.5)
30.4
(86.7)
31.6
(88.9)
28.7
(83.7)
25.1
(77.2)
31.13
(88.06)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.3
(63.1)
19.9
(67.8)
25.3
(77.5)
30.6
(87.1)
33.5
(92.3)
31.4
(88.5)
26.7
(80.1)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
25.9
(78.6)
22.4
(72.3)
18.3
(64.9)
25.27
(77.47)
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
13.0
(55.4)
18.3
(64.9)
23.3
(73.9)
26.3
(79.3)
25.4
(77.7)
23.2
(73.8)
22.5
(72.5)
22.1
(71.8)
20.2
(68.4)
16.0
(60.8)
11.5
(52.7)
19.33
(66.8)
Record low °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
4.9
(40.8)
9.8
(49.6)
14.3
(57.7)
18.3
(64.9)
18.1
(64.6)
19.9
(67.8)
16.6
(61.9)
17.0
(62.6)
12.1
(53.8)
9.1
(48.4)
6.0
(42.8)
4.6
(40.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27
(1.06)
14
(0.55)
4
(0.16)
2
(0.08)
16
(0.63)
170
(6.69)
350
(13.78)
467
(18.39)
162
(6.38)
33
(1.3)
19
(0.75)
15
(0.59)
1,279
(50.36)
Average rainy days 2.3 2.3 0.8 0.2 1.9 9.6 16.5 19.7 10.0 2.2 0.9 1.2 67.6
Average relative humidity (%) 49 43 32 25 29 55 81 86 75 52 43 49 51.6
Source: NOAA (1971-1990)[5]

Medical Hub Development[edit]

Sagar is developing at a rapid pace as influx of population from all over India is at a surge recently. After the opening of Bundelkhand Medical College, students and doctors are now residing in the Sagar city and it is developing as an important "Medical Hub" of central India with highly qualified doctors and facilities now available in the city itself. It is very common to see news coverage of complicated operations and surgeries to be conducted successfully in the city itself. Some important health institutes, multispeciality hospitals and diagnostic centres in the city include:

  • Bhagyodaya Teerth Hospitals & Research Centre at Khurai road run by the jain community of the city under the vision of Shri VidyaSagar Ji maharaj. The hospital is very advanced with MRI, CT Scan, C Arm, CathLab, etc and experienced doctors like Neurophysicians and Cardiologists working full time.
  • Shri Chaitanya Hospital on Medical College Road.
  • Sagar Heart Care on Medical College Road.
  • Sagar Shree hospital in Makroniya.
  • Bundelkhand Medical College.
  • Shri Chaitanya HiTech Diagnostic Centre on Medical College Road.
  • Raj Diagnostics at Medical College Road and Katra bazar.
  • Shiv Sagar Hospital in Balak Hill View.
  • Narayan Hospital in Makroniya.
  • Ganesh Hospital in Sadar.
  • Dr Lal PathLabs in front of Medical College.

Retail[edit]

Lots of well known retail chains are running successfully in the city as separate settlements and an integrated mall type development is still awaiting.

Some of the brand chains available in different sectors in the city include:

  • Dominos Pizza at Civil Lines.
  • Pantaloons Store at Makronia.
  • Vishal Mega Mart at Makronia.
  • Bazar India Store at Makronia.
  • Adidas Store in Civil Lines.
  • Woodland store near Bus Stand.
  • K Lounge near Hawk Hills.
  • Peter England near Bus Stand.
  • Red Chief near Bus Stand.
  • Manyawar near Hawk Hills.
  • Relaxo Exclusive Store near Pantaloons.

Sagar - "An Educational Hub"[edit]

Sagar from its inception dated back long has been a pioneer of education with the establishment of Madhya Pradesh's first and India's thirteenth university "Dr Harisingh Gour University". Its currently a central university with numerous departments on its hilltop campus which was donated by Dr. Gour for the development of his hometown. Other important institutions of importance are -

Universities-

1)Dr.Harisingh Gour Central University.

2)SVN University

Engineering Colleges-

1)BTIRT

2)Infinity Institute Of Management And Technology.

3)Ojaswini Girls Engineering College.

4)Gyan Sagar Institute Of Technology.

5)Indra Gandhi Government Engineering College.

Pharmacy Colleges-

1)Vedic Institute Of Pharmaceutical Education and Research

2)Adina Institute Of Pharma Sciences

Medical College-

1)Bundelkhand Government Medical College

Aviation Academy-

1)Chimes Aviation Academy @ Dhana (Best aviation academy of India run by Chimes Group,Gurgaon where many celebrities like Kunal Kapoor and Gul Panag took training from, it also conducts SkyDive program.)

Police Academy-

1)Jawahar Lal Nehru Police Academy at Fort.

Schools-

1)St.Joseph's Convent School.

2)Vatsalya School.

3)Delhi Public School (Khurai road) and (Makronia).

4)Greatmen International School.

5)Kendriya Vidhyalaya (3 branches).

6)Deepak Memorial School.

7)Paras Vidhya Vihar.

8)Mount Liters Zee School.

9)Euro Kids Pre School.

10)KIdzee Pre School.

11)Doon Public School.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011[6] India census, Sagar had a population of 2,378,458 of which male and female were 1,256,257 and 1,122,201 respectively. In the 2001 census, Sagar had a population of 2,021,987 of which males were 1,073,205 and remaining 948,782 were females. Average literacy rates of Sagar in 2011 were 76.46 compared to 67.73 of 2001. Gender-wise, male and female literacy rates were 84.85 and 67.02 respectively in 2011. For the 2001 census, the rates stood at 79.41 and 54.35 in Sagar District. The total number of literates in Sagar District were 1,545,719 of which male and female were 908,607 and 637,112 respectively. In 2001, Sagar District had 1,118,993 literates in its district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Sagar". Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Sagar Places To Visit". www.touristlink.com. Tourist Link. 
  3. ^ "Why only 98 cities instead of 100 announced: All questions answered about smart cities project". 28 August 2015. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  4. ^ Arun K. Jain, A. N. Sharma (2006). "The Beria (Rai Dancers): A Socio-demographic, Reproductive, and Child Health Care Practices Profile". Berias. Sarup & Sons. p. 13. ISBN 9788176257145. Retrieved 15 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Sagar Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 22, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Sagar District Population Census 2011, Madhya Pradesh literacy sex ratio and density". Retrieved 5 August 2016.