Sagar, Madhya Pradesh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sagar
Saugor
City
Sagar City.JPG
Sagar is located in Madhya Pradesh
Sagar
Sagar
Sagar is located in India
Sagar
Sagar
Coordinates: 23°50′N 78°43′E / 23.83°N 78.71°E / 23.83; 78.71Coordinates: 23°50′N 78°43′E / 23.83°N 78.71°E / 23.83; 78.71
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictSagar
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodySagar Municipal Corporation
 • MayorAbhay Dare
Area
 • Metro
49.763 km2 (19.214 sq mi)
Elevation
427 m (1,401 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • City274,556
 • Density232/km2 (600/sq mi)
Language
 • OfficialHindi[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
470001,2,3,4
Telephone code07582
Vehicle registrationMP-15
Websitewww.sagar.nic.in

Sagar is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in central India. Situated on a spur of the Vindhya Range, 1,758 feet (536 m) above sea-level. The city is around 172 kilometres (107 mi) northeast of state capital, Bhopal.

Sagar has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under Prime Minister Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission and listed top safest city of India 2018.

History[edit]

The ancient Indian kingdom of Chedi had its capital at Suktimati, which was located at Sagar during contemporary times. The history of Sagar District before 1022 A.D. is generally unknown; after that, records are available. Sagar was under the rule of Ahir Rajas and their capital was at Garhpehra. In 1660, Udenshah, founded the present town of Sagar.[2]

After 1735, the city came under the rule of the Peshwas. In 1818, a large part of the Sagar district was ceded by Peshwa Baji Rao II to the British East India Company. Administratively, the position of Sagar and the neighboring territories underwent frequent changes.

The Saugor territory was first placed under the superintendent of Political Affairs of Bundelkhand. Later, in 1820, this area, called the 'Saugor and Nerbudda Territories,' was placed under the administration of an agent to the governor-general. The region fell under the North-Western Province, following its constitution in 1835. In 1842 occurred the Bundela rising, the quelling of which demanded more direct attention by the Governor-General. But the order was restored in the following year, and the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories were again placed under the political control of an Agent to the Governor-General. The arrangement, however, was not found to be satisfactory, and these territories were once again restored to the North-Western Provinces in 1853. After that in 1861, the Saugor and Nerbudda territories and the Nagpur state formed a Commissioner's Province called Central Provinces.[3]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Sagar has humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with hot summers, a somewhat cooler monsoon season and cool winters. Very heavy rainfalls in the monsoon season from June to September.

Climate data for Sagar (1981–2010, extremes 1901–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.3
(91.9)
37.3
(99.1)
42.5
(108.5)
44.4
(111.9)
46.4
(115.5)
46.4
(115.5)
41.4
(106.5)
37.6
(99.7)
39.7
(103.5)
39.9
(103.8)
37.7
(99.9)
33.6
(92.5)
46.4
(115.5)
Average high °C (°F) 24.7
(76.5)
27.6
(81.7)
33.3
(91.9)
38.3
(100.9)
41.0
(105.8)
37.6
(99.7)
30.9
(87.6)
29.0
(84.2)
30.7
(87.3)
32.2
(90.0)
29.3
(84.7)
26.0
(78.8)
31.7
(89.1)
Average low °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
13.8
(56.8)
18.9
(66.0)
23.5
(74.3)
26.3
(79.3)
25.6
(78.1)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73.0)
22.2
(72.0)
20.0
(68.0)
16.3
(61.3)
12.8
(55.0)
19.8
(67.6)
Record low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
1.1
(34.0)
7.2
(45.0)
10.6
(51.1)
16.3
(61.3)
13.1
(55.6)
14.5
(58.1)
14.8
(58.6)
16.7
(62.1)
11.3
(52.3)
6.1
(43.0)
2.1
(35.8)
1.1
(34.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 12.3
(0.48)
14.1
(0.56)
11.3
(0.44)
4.1
(0.16)
16.9
(0.67)
141.5
(5.57)
343.6
(13.53)
373.7
(14.71)
184.5
(7.26)
22.8
(0.90)
13.5
(0.53)
9.7
(0.38)
1,148
(45.20)
Average rainy days 1.3 1.3 0.9 0.5 1.8 7.3 14.4 14.9 8.8 1.7 0.9 0.9 54.7
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 42 32 24 18 22 46 75 81 69 45 40 43 45
Source: India Meteorological Department[4][5]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in city of Sagar (2011)[6]

  Hinduism (81.53%)
  Islam (10.16%)
  Jainism (7.28%)
  Christianity (0.63%)
  Other or Not stated (0.21%)
  Sikhism (0.15%)
  Buddhism (0.04%)

As per 2011 Indian Census, Sagar municipal corporation limit had a total population of 274,556, of which 143,425 were males and 131,131 were females. The population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 32,610. The total number of literates in Sagar was 216,422, which constituted 78.8% of the population with male literacy of 82.6% and female literacy of 74.6%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Sagar was 89.5%, of which male literacy rate was 93.7% and the female literacy rate was 84.8%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 54,432 and 3,052 respectively. Sagar had 52833 households in 2011.[7]

Education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  2. ^ Arun K. Jain, A. N. Sharma (2006). The Beria (Rai Dancers): A Socio-demographic, Reproductive, and Child Health Care Practices Profile. Berias. Sarup & Sons. p. 13. ISBN 9788176257145. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  3. ^ "History of Sagar". sagar.nic.in. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Station: Sagar Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 675–678. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M129. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  6. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community". census.gov.in. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  7. ^ "Census of India: Sagar". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 23 December 2020.