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Location of Sagar district in Madhya Pradesh
|Headquarters||Sagar, Madhya Pradesh|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Sagar|
|• Total||10,252 km2 (3,958 sq mi)|
|• Density||230/km2 (600/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||77.52 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||896|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
The district has an area of 10,252 km², and a population of 2,378,458 (2011 census), an increase of 45% or by 732,260 inhabitants from its 1991 population of 1,646,198. Sagar district is dominated by Sonis, Jain's and Yadavs.
The history of the town of Sagar dates back to about 1660 AD, when Udan Shah, a descendant of Nihal Shah, built a small fort where the present one sits and founded a village close to it called Parkota Sagar. The present fort and a settlement under its walls was founded by Govind Rao Pandit, an officer of the Peshwa, who controlled Sagar and the surrounding territory after 1735 when it came under the Peshwa's possession. In 1818, the greater part of the district was ceded by the Peshwa Baji Rao II to the British Government, while the remainder of the present district of Sagar came into the possession of the British between 1818 and 1860. Thereafter in 1861, the Saugor and Nerbudda territories (along with the Nagpur state) formed a Commissioner's Province called Central Provinces. Sagar was the headquarters of the Sagar Commissionership for a short period until 1863-64 when this district was incorporated with Jabalpur Commissionership. In the year 1932, the district of Damoh was added to Sagar district and was administrated as Sub-Division. In 1956, however, Damoh Sub-Division was again separated from the district to form a separate district and Sagar district consisted of four tehsils viz, Sagar, Khurai, Rehli, Banda.
According to the 2011 census, Sagar District has a population of 2,378,458, roughly equal to the nation of Latvia or the U.S. state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 188th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 232 inhabitants per square kilometre (600/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 17.62%. Sagar has a sex ratio of 896 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 77.52%.
Places of interest
Dayasagar Ji Mararaj Nemingar Jain Tirth
Neminagar Jain Tirth is in Banda tehsil located 30 km from Sagar on National Highway NH-86. It was built in the name of Aacharya Shri 108[clarification needed] Nemisagar ji maharaj by the blessings of his disciple aacharya 108 shri dayasagar ji maharaj. This temple has one choubisi (24 tirthankars god on 24 different altars), one levitated trikal choubisi (Lords of time passes, the time now and time to be), and a navagraha mandir (Lords of nine planets).
Shri Parsvanath Digamber Jain Atishaya Kshetra, Pateria
Shri Parsvanath Digamber Jain Atishaya Kshetra, Pateriaji is a 232-year-old temple dedicated to Parshvantha. This idol is 7 feet in height in Padmasana posture built in Black Stone with three serpent hoods. This temple was built by Seth Radha Kishanjun Shah with the earnings of one day in the business of Cotton in 1782 (V.S. 1839). Manasthambha of this temple is considered miraculous and is said to cure diseases.
A former Dr H. S. Gour University started from Makronia's SAF Campus so many historic events are connected through Makronia. This region is developing as the suburban region near Sagar City. It is just 5 km away from the city. It has its separate railway station, the biggest hotel in Sagar, the 3-star Paradise Hotel, many CBSE and MP board schools, as well as a government engineering college. Many army bases are located in Makronia. Also Makronia Nagar Palika, there are many Engineering Colleges in Makronia, as there is a shortage of space in the City, development is moving towards the Makronia Region.
- Sir Hari Singh Gour – founder of Dr. Hari Singh Gour University , a lawyer, jurist, educationalist, social reformer, writer and member of the Constitutional Assembly.
- Govind Namdev - director.
- Vitthalbhai Patel – poet, lyricist, former government minister, and social worker.
- Nathuram Premi (1881–1960) - writer, publisher, poet, editor, linguist and, intellectual in the field of Jainism and Hindi literature; born in the city of Deori.
- Ravishankar Shukla (2 August 1877 – 31 December 1956) – born in Sagar, first Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh state.
- Mukesh Tiwari - actor.
|Sagar- Government Website||http://sagar.nic.in/||Official website of the district administration. Land records and other e-governance projects are available from here.||Sagar - Zila Panchayat Website||https://www.mponline.gov.in/portal/services/zila/default.aspx||Official website of the Zila Panchayat of Sagar.|
- Suchandana Gupta (5 November 2003) Cong list causes dissent in MP, Digvijay worried. Times of India
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
New Mexico – 2,059,179
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901