Sagara, Karnataka

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Sagara

Sagar
Sagar Jambagaru
Sagara is located in Karnataka
Sagara
Sagara
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 14°10′00″N 75°02′00″E / 14.1667°N 75.0333°E / 14.1667; 75.0333Coordinates: 14°10′00″N 75°02′00″E / 14.1667°N 75.0333°E / 14.1667; 75.0333
CountryIndia
StateKarnataka
RegionMalenadu
DistrictShimoga
SubdivisionSagara
Founded bySadashiva Nayaka
Government
 • TypeDemocratic
 • BodySagara City Municipal Council
Area
 • Total19.75 km2 (7.63 sq mi)
Elevation
579 m (1,900 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total64,550[1]
 • Density7,160/km2 (18,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
577401
Telephone code08183
Vehicle registrationKA-15
Literacy90.69 %
Sex ratio1013 /
Website
Sagar Marikamba Temple

Sagara is a city located in the Indian state of Karnataka and it is also a sub divisional and a taluk headquarters. Located in the Western Ghats range, it is known for its proximity to Jog Falls and to the historical places of Ikkeri, Keladi and Varadamoola. The river Varada originates near moola.Sagara subdivision consists of Sagara, Soraba, Hosanagara and Shikaripur taluks.

City Municipal Council[edit]

Sagara city is one of the 74 Karnataka Municipal Reforms Project (KMRP) City in Karnataka. Sagara ULB was started in 1931 and became a City Municipal Council (CMC) grade two in the year 2007. The ULB consist of 31 wards with the respective number of councillors. The population of the city was 64,550 at the 2011 census and total area is 19.71 sq. km.

Etymology[edit]

Sagara derives its name from Sadashiva Sagar, which is a lake. Sadashiva Nayaka, ruler of Keladi dynasty built a lake in between Keladi and Ikkeri. Sadashiva Sagar is now called Ganapathi Kere (Ganapathi Lake). It is a subdivisional headquarters headed by a subdivisional magistrate and Fifth additional District Magistrate.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Sagara is mainly driven by areca nut (betel nut), paddy, spice and forest products trade. Betel nut is the major cash crop grown in the area. Along with areca nut, spices like pepper, clove, cinnamon, nutmeg, and cocoa are grown. The economy of the city is highly volatile and is dependent on the variation in the pricing of these agriculture products. Sagara APMC is one of the main market for areca nut in Karnataka.

Sagara has a relatively high number of Gudigars – families that for generations have been engaged in sandalwood and ivory carving. The Gudigar men make idols, figurines and knickknacks like penholders, agarbathi stands, cuff links, photo frames and paper clips; the women are adept at making garlands and wreaths out of thin layers of scraped sandalwood.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2001 census,[2] Sagara had a population of 50,115. Males constituted 50% of the population and females 50%. Sagar had an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 82%, and female literacy was 75%. In Sagar, 11% of the population was under 6 years of age. At the 2011 census its population exceeded 64,550.

Transport[edit]

By road[edit]

From the state capital Bangalore, Sagara can be reached by road through NH-69. (via Tumkur,Tiptur, Arsikere, Kadur, Tarikere, Bhadravathi and Shivamogga) KSRTC, the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, runs several buses from Bangalore,including Hitech volvo and night services. Sagara is around 360 km (224 mi) by road from Bangalore. From coastal side, Sagara is accessible by bus. This route passes through Agumbe Ghat or Hulikal Ghat roads. Sagara is better connected with roads from all directions and it is an important bus junction. Bus service is provided by private bus operators like Prakash travels,Sri manjunatha transport,Sri gajanana and few more and KSRTC runs buses that connect Sagara to other places in Karnataka and a few buses to other states. Sagara is well connected by road with Shimoga, Bangalore, Mangalore, Hubli, Haveri, Sirsi, Shikaripur, Soraba, Hirekerur, Hanagal, Karwar, Belgaum, Ranebennur, Honnali, Davanagere, Hosanagar, Udupi, Honnavar, Bhatkal,Byndoor and other major cities. From November 2013 KSRTC introduced city buses in Sagara city.

By railway[edit]

Sagara has its own railway station. The train station is known as Sagar Jambagaru and there are trains that connect Sagara with Bangalore and Mysore and a passenger train between Shimoga to talguppa passes through sagara.

By air[edit]

The nearest airport is Hubli Airport, which is about 159 km from Sagara and the nearest international airport is MangaloreAirport.

Religion[edit]

The majority of people in Sagara are Havyaka Brahmins, Lingayats and Ediga. Others are Vokkaliga, Achars, Charody, Mestha, Gaud Saraswat Brahmins, Madiwalas, Christians, Jains, Kurubas, Daivajnas, Muslims, Marathas, (Namadev-simpi, Bhavasars) and other sub-castes. The city has Hindu temples, mosques, Jain basadis and churches. Apart from a few communal clashes in the early 2000s, the city is known for its communal harmony.

Education[edit]

Primary to High Schools[edit]

  • Radhakrishna Public School (ICSE Syllabus)
  • Hongirana School of Excellence (CBSE Syllabus)
  • St. Joseph's Higher Primary School
  • Pragati Composite School
  • Rotary School
  • Seva Sagar School
  • Prajna Bharathi School
  • Vanashri Residential School
  • Nirmala Girl's High School
  • H Shivalingappa High School (HSHS)
  • MGN Pai (Janatha) High School
  • Government Junior College (Govt PU College)
  • Shivappa Nayaka Shale - Govt Primary and Higher Primary School, S N Nagar
  • Kere Shale - Govt Primary and Higher Primary School, Ganapati Kere
  • Vinobha Shale - Govt Primary and Higher Primary School, Vinobha Nagar
  • Market Shale - Govt Primary and Higher Primary School, Market Road
  • Ikkeri High School - Edajigalemane
  • Govt Higher primary school, HINDLEKOPPA, Kanle post, Sagar-577430
  • St. Xavier's School , Vijaya Nagar , 2nd Cross , Sagar -577401

Pre-University Colleges[edit]

  • Government Pre-University College
  • M.D.F. Independent PU Science and commerce College
  • M.D.F. PU College (LB and SBS PU College)
  • Hongirana Independent PU RESIDIENTIAL college
  • Sagara Independent PU College

Degree and PG Courses[edit]

  • Lal Bahadur Arts, Science and S.B. Solabanna Shetty Commerce College
  • K.H.Srinivasa Institute of Post Graduate Studies
  • Smt. Indira Gandhi First Grade College at SN Nagara for women
  • Sagar Gangotri Arts and Commerce College
  • Government First Grade College

Colleges offering Professional Courses[edit]

  • Sanjay Memorial Polytechnic Diploma College
  • M.D.F. College of Education, (B.Ed.) Sagar
  • M.D.F. Primary Teachers Training Institute (D.Ed.)
  • Sagar Gangotri Law College
  • Gangotri Nursing College
  • Varada ITI College
  • Govt ITI College
  • Navodaya ITI College

TV and radio[edit]

Sagara has an LPT-49 TV relay station airing Doordarshan national channel. Cable TV and direct to home services are widely used and these have replaced the conventional VHF/UHF TV antennas and satellite dish antennas. Digital cable is also available with Shikhara TV, which provides essential day to day information to the people of Sagara. Sagara has an FM radio station airing FM Rainbow (100.1 MHz)

Tourism[edit]

Tourist sites are indicated by milestones and hoardings which are usually in Kannada and English.[citation needed]

Nature tourism[edit]

Jog Falls

Jog Falls is in Sagar taluk. It is approximately 30 km by National Highway 206.Private and Government bus will be available in all time for the tourist.There is one bungalow called "BRITISH BUNGALOW" constructed by british people for they dwelling.og falls ,is located 100 km from Shimoga and 30 Km from Sagara, is also known as Gerusoppa Falls or Jogada Gundi in Kannada, is the second-highest plunge waterfall in India, is created by Sharavathi River. The drive from Shimoga to Jog falls with greenery all around, clouds and mists floating among the green hills is just superb.. It was raining heavily when we reached Jog falls and the falls were not visible due to fog. Initially we could hear only the sound, but we waited and were able to get a glimpse of it finally. It was awesome .. WOW!!!RAJA, ROARER, ROCKET N RANI.. The falls were in its full splendor, water gushing and falling in full force.. Watching Jog Falls amidst clouds and rain makes it even more beautiful and is an awesome experience… July-August is the best time to visit Jog falls. We even witnessed a land slide (4th pic) from top end which created a thunder.. It was breathtaking moment, an amazing experience … We did have a clear view of Mavinagundi falls(2nd pic) which is seen only during monsoon, towards left side of Jog falls, as told by a guide… There is stairway which leads all the way to the bottom, which is normally closed during monsoon for safety purpose.. The place is well maintained, with a pay n use toilet which is clean…with an acceptable hotel (Mayura, run by KSTDC..), Along with the main view of Jog falls, one should also see the glory of the falls(1st pic) from the British Bungalow side (Mungaru Male point). Its awesome view, much closer view of the falls.. Don’t forget to pick a colorful umbrella to watch the splendor of Jog during monsoons :-) … “A MUST VISIT DURING THE MONSOONS…

Nipli Falls
Honnemaradu

Honnemaradu is situated on the banks of the backwaters of the Sharavati river. A big water mass extends up to the Chakra dam. It is about 35 km from Sagara city towards Jog and 10 km from Talaguppa. Indian Institute For Adventure Applications is a training school situated here which uses adventure as a platform for learning.

Boating at Honnemaradu
Holebaagilu

Holebaagilu is situated on the banks of the Sharavati River about 30 km from Sagar. One has to take a diversion from B. H. Road towards Ikkeri Road to get there. The Sharavati backwaters of Linganamakki dam has submerged acres of land. It is in Kolur Grama Panchayat limits. One has to take a flatboat to get across the backwaters to reach the other side where Sigandooru is.

Sharavati Wildlife Sanctuary

Sharavati Wildlife Sanctuary is in Sagar Taluk, Karnataka. It is 350 km from Bangalore. Located near Jog Falls, the sanctuary covers the Sharavati Valley Region, near the western border of Karnataka. It is spread over an area of 431 km. The sanctuary is nourished by the Sharavati River. Linganamakki reservoir spread over an area of 128.7 km is a part of this sanctuary.

Wildlife near Sagar
Linganamakki dam

Linganamakki dam is built across the Sharavathi river and is 6 km from Jog Falls in Sagara taluk.[3] It is the main feeder reservoir for the Mahatma Gandhi hydro-electric project. It has two power generating units of 27.5 MW

Dabbe Falls,Sagara

Dabbe Falls is located near Hosagadde in Sagar taluk. On the road from Sagara to Bhatkal, Hosagadde lies about 20 km from the town of Kargal. From Hosagadde a walk of 6–8 km into the forest leads to Dabbe Falls.

Places of worship[edit]

Marikamba Temple

The Marikamba Temple is located in Sagara City, in the Indian state of Karnataka. It features the image of the goddess Marikamba, a form of Durga or Parvati. The temple was built in the center of the city during the reign of Venkatappa Nayak who ruled over Keladi and Ikkeri kingdom during the 16th century. Marikamba was the family deity of the Nayaka dynasty.

Historical lake - Ganapathi Kere in Sagara City 360 Panaroma View
Keladi

A Shiva temple of historical importance is located 6 km from the city. One has to take a diversion at Sorab Road. There is a museum containing old manuscripts written during the Keladi dynasty.

Sigandooru

Sigandooru is a holy place of Goddess Chaudeshwari. A large temple of Goddess Chaudeshwari is here. This Goddess is a highly believed deity in Sagar and the surrounding taluks as a protector against theft and robbery. Coupons for entry will be distributed on first-come, first-served basis.

Varadapura (Varadahalli/Vaddalli)

This place is 6 km from the city where one has to take a diversion from Jog Road soon after the end of the city limits. It is known for the samadhi of His Holiness Sri Sridhara Swami who was among the great saints of 20th century.[citation needed]

Ikkeri

This place is of historic importance due to the presence of a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. One has to take a diversion at B. H. Road and travel 6 km.

Aghoreshwara Temple
Kalasi [Kalase or Nadakalasi or Nadakalase]

Nadakalasi is a small village about 8 kilometers away from Sagara in Shivamogga district of Karnataka. One has to travel along Sorab Road for 6 km and take a diversion. Hidden in its densely populated flora and fauna is a temple complex from the Hoysala times. Baleyanna Vergade (Heggade), a local ruler who had accepted the mighty Hoysalas as the overseeing authority of his regions during that time, has constructed two temples next to each other in 1218 AD, during the rule of Veera Ballala II. The temples are a mix of Hoysala and Dravidian temple architectures, but the Hoysala influences are there to be seen in abundance.

The larger of the two temples is the Mallikarjuna Temple dedicated to the Mallikarjuna Shiva Linga in its only sanctum sanctorum. A highlight of this temple are the smooth looking lathe turned pillars inside. They seem to have such a fine finish despite the fact that the stones used don't appear to be the best quality soap stones that we witness at Belur or Belavadi. The main shikhara is of Kadamba Nagara style.

The Rameshwara Temple at Nadakalasi is less extravagant, but equally well decorated, and has, to its credit, a Sala slaying the lion statue next to its Shikhara. The main deity is the Rameshwara Linga, but it has been referred to as Sadashiva in the past.

Nadakalasi's closeness to Sagara hasn't still ensured its visibility on the tourist map, although, equally closer towns of Keladi and Ikkeri enjoy better recall among visitors.

Varadamoola

Varadamoola is 6 km from Sagara City. River Varada originates at this place. Varada flows through the town of Banavasi before joining Tungabhadra.

Shettisara

This place has a Shani temple and Laxminarayana Temple. In Shanashewara Temple it is claimed God will come on Human body.[citation needed]

St Joseph's Church, Sagar

http://www.stjosephchurchsagar.org/

Major roads passing through Sagara taluk[edit]

  • National Highways:
  • State Highways:
    • SH-50 passes through Jog, Mavinagundi, Siddapur, Chandragutti, Sorab.
    • SH-62 passes through Siralakoppa and Sagar.
    • SH-77 passes through Sorab, Masur, Sagar, Hosanagar.
  • NH 206 Bangalore to Honnavar via Shimoga Sagar

Rare disorders[edit]

Handigodu Syndrome

Handigodu joint disease (HJD) is a familial skeletal disorder. Handigodu, near Sagara is one of only two places in the world where this disorder is to be found – the other being northern Zululand, South Africa. Severe precocious, progressive degenerative osteoarthropathy causes marked physical handicap by adulthood. The clinical and radiological manifestations are very similar to MJD (Mseleni joint disease) and they are sometimes believed to be the same entity.

Kyasanur Forest Disease

Kyasanur forest disease, also known as Monkey Disease is a rare endemic tick-borne viral haemorrhagic fever which was first noticed in Kyasanur village, near Sorab.

Arecanut Palm at the Plantation

IN the month of november 2018 to march 2019 this disease caused a serious problems to the peoples life f "ARALAGODU" Village. Many people died because of this virus.and some get cured by taking early treatment There is no permanent medicine to cure this virus but we can avoid the disease by applying DMP oil (available in nearby GOVT HOSPITALS) to the hands and legs when we go to forest areas . All the people of the affected village are advised to take injections given (in two stages) by the health department to avoid the entry of the virus into the body. This is a disease usually arises from the DEAD MONKEY and "TICKS" are the carrier of this virus. TICKS will inject the virus from the dead monkey and when this ticks bites the human the virus gets injected into the human body prevention - as soon as you get to know a monkey is died in your area/village inform the FOREST DEPARTMENT officers and they will come and burry the dead monkey and spray some chemicals to avoid the spread of virus.

Notable persons from Sagara[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 September 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Tourism, waterfalls". Nation Informatics Centre, India.
  4. ^ "Guru Peeta". Havyaka Welfare Trust. Retrieved 7 July 2012.