Sagittaria fasciculata

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Bunched arrowhead
Sagittaria fasciculata.jpg

Imperiled (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Alismataceae
Genus: Sagittaria
Species: S. fasciculata
Binomial name
Sagittaria fasciculata
E.O. Beal

Sagittaria fasciculata, the bunched arrowhead[1] (also known as duck potato, Indian potato, or wapato) is a plant found in wetlands. This plant produces edible tubers that were heavily collected by the Native Americans as a food source. STATUS: Endangered, Federal Register, July 25, 1979[2][3]

Description[edit]

Sagittaria fasciculata is a perennial herb up to 35 cm tall. Submerged leaves are long and narrow, round in cross-section. Emerging leaves are flat, broadly ovate or lanceolate.[4][5][6]

Distribution[edit]

Sagittaria fasciculata is only known to be found in Henderson and Buncombe Counties in North Carolina plus Greenville and Laurens Counties in South Carolina.[4][7]

Habitat[edit]

Sagittaria fasciculata is found in seepage areas with little to no flow. It prefers shaded areas on sandy loams.[4][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sagittaria fasciculata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Federal Register
  3. ^ Buchanan, M.F. and J.T. Finnegan. 2010. Natural Heritage Program List of the Rare Plant Species of North Carolina. N.C. Natural Heritage Program, Raleigh, NC.
  4. ^ a b c Flora of North America v 22, Sagittaria fasciculata
  5. ^ Beal, Ernest O. 1960. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 76(1): 76, f. 3, map 5, Sagittaria fasciculata
  6. ^ Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife. "Raleigh Ecological Services Field Office". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 2017-01-30. 
  7. ^ Biota of North America Program, map, Sagittaria fasciculata
  8. ^ Newberry, Gillian (1991-01-01). "Factors Affecting the Survival of the Rare Plant, Sagittaria fasciculata E. O. Beal (Alismataceae)". Castanea. 56 (1): 59–64. doi:10.2307/4033422. 

External links[edit]