Sagittarius Dwarf Irregular Galaxy

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Not to be confused with the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy.
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Constellation Sagittarius
Right ascension 19h 29m 59.0s[1]
Declination −17° 40′ 41″[1]
Redshift -79 ± 1 km/s[1]
Distance 3.39 ± 0.23 Mly (1.04 ± 0.07 Mpc)[2][3]
Apparent magnitude (V) 15.5[1]
Type IB(s)m[1] V (Dwarf irregular galaxy)
Apparent size (V) 2′.9 × 2′.1[1]
Other designations
Sagittarius Dwarf Irregular,[1] SGR Dwarf,[1]
ESO594-G004,[1] PGC 63287,[1] Kowal's Object[1]
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

The Sagittarius Dwarf Irregular Galaxy or SagDIG is a dwarf galaxy in the constellation of Sagittarius. It lies about 3.4 million light-years away. SagDIG should not be confused with the Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy or SagDEG, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way. It was discovered by Cesarsky et al. on a photographic plate taken for the ESO (B) Atlas on June 13, 1977 using the ESO 1 meter Schmidt telescope.

The SagDIG is thought to be the member of the Local Group most remote from the Local Group’s barycenter. It is only slightly outside the zero-velocity surface of the Local Group.[4]

SagDIG is a much more luminous galaxy than Aquarius Dwarf and it has been through a prolonged star formation[5] This has resulted in it containing a rich intermediate-age population of stars. Twenty-seven candidate carbon stars have been identified inside SagDIG. Analysis shows that the underlying stellar population of SagDIG is metal-poor (at least [Fe/H] ≤ −1.3). Further, the population is young, with the most likely average age between 4 and 8 billion years for the dominant population.[6]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for Sagittarius Dwarf Irregular. Retrieved 2007-03-15. 
  2. ^ I. D. Karachentsev; V. E. Karachentseva; W. K. Hutchmeier; D. I. Makarov (2004). "A Catalog of Neighboring Galaxies". Astronomical Journal. 127 (4): 2031–2068. Bibcode:2004AJ....127.2031K. doi:10.1086/382905. 
  3. ^ Karachentsev, I. D.; Kashibadze, O. G. (2006). "Masses of the local group and of the M81 group estimated from distortions in the local velocity field". Astrophysics. 49 (1): 3–18. Bibcode:2006Ap.....49....3K. doi:10.1007/s10511-006-0002-6. 
  4. ^ van den Bergh, Sidney (April 2000). "Updated Information on the Local Group". The Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 112 (770): 529–536. arXiv:astro-ph/0001040Freely accessible. Bibcode:2000PASP..112..529V. doi:10.1086/316548. 
  5. ^ Momany et al. 2005.
  6. ^ Gullieuszik, M.; Rejkuba, M.; Cioni, M. R.; Habing, H. J.; Held, E. V. (November 2007). "Near-infrared photometry of carbon stars in the Sagittarius dwarf irregular galaxy and DDO 210". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 475 (2): 467–477. arXiv:0709.0918Freely accessible. Bibcode:2007A&A...475..467G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20066848. 
  7. ^ "A diamond in the rough". Retrieved 29 January 2018. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 19h 29m 59.0s, −17° 40′ 41″