Sagua La Grande

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Sagua la Grande
Municipality
View of a central town's road
View of a central town's road
Coat of arms of Sagua la Grande
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): La Villa del Undoso
Sagua la Grande municipality (red) within Villa Clara Province (yellow) and Cuba
Sagua la Grande municipality (red) within
Villa Clara Province (yellow) and Cuba
Coordinates: 22°48′31″N 80°04′16″W / 22.80861°N 80.07111°W / 22.80861; -80.07111Coordinates: 22°48′31″N 80°04′16″W / 22.80861°N 80.07111°W / 22.80861; -80.07111
CountryCuba
ProvinceVilla Clara
Founded1812[1]
Established1842 (Municipality)
Area[2]
 • Total661 km2 (255 sq mi)
Elevation15 m (49 ft)
Population (2004)[3]
 • Total56,097
 • Density84.9/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Area code(s)+53-422
Sagua train station
The fire station of Sagua
Sagua Cemetery

Sagua la Grande (nicknamed La Villa del Undoso, sometimes shortened in Sagua) is a municipality and city located on the north coast of the province of Villa Clara in central Cuba, on the Sagua la Grande River. The city is close to Mogotes de Jumagua, limestone cliffs. Many cays of the Sabana-Camaguey Archipelago are located off the northern coast.

History[edit]

Sagua la Grande was founded in 1812[1] and established as a municipality in 1842. By the beginning of the 20th century, the city and its port (Isabela de Sagua), were an important commercial center. Presently, its economy is based on the sugar, chemical, mechanical, and food industries. Cattle raising and fishing are other important economic activities.

Two city historians are notable. Antonio Miguel Alcover Beltrán left to the inheritance of the events related to the 19th century thanks to his personal interrogations to each one of the authors of history; and at the moment Pedro Suárez Rojo (Tintín) has been in charge to rescue all 20th century and leaves from the 21st century in his famous “Tintin Collection” that includes newspapers, books, photos, films and videos of all the historical events of the referred time.

Until the 1977 municipal reform, it was divided into the barrios of Baire, Calabazar de Sagua (now part of Encrucijada),[4] Chinchila, Este, General Nodarse, Isabela de Sagua, Jumagua, Malpáez, Oeste and Sitiecito.[1]

Geography[edit]

Located northwest of its province, close to the Atlantic Coast, Sagua borders with the municipalities of Quemado de Güines, Santo Domingo, Cifuentes and Encrucijada.[5] It counts the villages of Isabela de Sagua, La Rosita, Nueva Isabela, Playa Uvero (or Uvero),[6] Sitiecito and Viana. Isabela, located by the coast, is the largest village and a port town.

Demographics[edit]

In 2004, the municipality of Sagua la Grande had a population of 56,097.[3] With a total area of 661 km2 (255 sq mi),[2] it has a population density of 84.9/km2 (220/sq mi).

Architecture[edit]

The city's wide streets and little traffic give it a calm atmosphere.

In recent decades there has been a lack of new construction. Consequently, the older buildings, left over from colonial times, are in a state of decay. One of the most beautiful buildings in this city, El Casino Español (The Spanish Casino) built in 1908, was the meeting place for the Sociedad Sagüera (Social Club of Sagua). The historical center of the city retains the neoclassic essence of its constructions and the layout of its streets. The historical center of Sagua La Grande was declared National Monument on December 6, 2011, due to its architectural values and its preservation state.

Transport[edit]

Sagua is crossed in the middle by the national highway "Circuito Norte" (CN), that runs through the southern part of its municipality. It is served, along with the municipal villages of Isabela, Sitiecito and Nueva Isabela, by the railway line Santa Clara-Cifuentes-Sagua-Isabela, and by the branch line Sagua-Corralillo.

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Guije.com. "Sagua la Grande" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-09.
  2. ^ a b Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-09.
  3. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-09.
  4. ^ 5884794 (x a j h) Encrucijada on OpenStreetMap
  5. ^ 259846350 Sagua la Grande on OpenStreetMap
  6. ^ (in Spanish) Playa Uvero on EcuRed
  7. ^ Info about Yoel Rivero Marín

External links[edit]