Sahara Desert ant

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sahara Desert ant
Cataglyphis bicolor casent0104612 profile 1.jpg
C. bicolor worker
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Suborder:
Superfamily:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
C. bicolor
Binomial name
Cataglyphis bicolor
Fabricius, 1793

The Sahara Desert ant (Cataglyphis bicolor) is a desert-dwelling ant of the genus Cataglyphis. It inhabits the Sahara Desert and is one of the most heat tolerant animals known to date. However, there are at least four other species of Cataglyphis living in the Sahara desert,[1] for example C. bombycina, Cataglyphis savignyi [sv], Cataglyphis mauritanicus [sv] and C. fortis.

Background[edit]

Sahara desert ants are scavengers. They forage for the corpses of insects and other arthropods which have succumbed to the heat stress of their desert environment.[citation needed]

While no known land animal can live permanently at a temperature over 50°C, Sahara desert ants can sustain a body temperature well above 50 °C (122 °F) with surface temperatures of up to 70 °C (178 °F). Despite this, if out in the open, they must keep moving or else they will fry.[citation needed]

[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Petrov, I. Z. (1986). "Distribution of species of the genus Cataglyphis Foerster, 1850 (Formicidae, Hymenoptera) in Yugoslavia" (PDF). Arhiv Bioloskih Nauka. 38: 11–12.

External links[edit]