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|Birth name||Edmund Gregory|
|Born||June 23, 1925|
Savannah, Georgia, U.S.
|Died||October 24, 1989 (aged 64)|
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
|Instrument(s)||Baritone, soprano and alto saxophone, Flute and alto flute|
Sahib Shihab (born Edmund Gregory; June 23, 1925 – October 24, 1989) was an American jazz and hard bop saxophonist (baritone, alto, and soprano) and flautist. He variously worked with Luther Henderson, Thelonious Monk, Fletcher Henderson, Tadd Dameron, Dizzy Gillespie, Kenny Clarke, John Coltrane and Quincy Jones among others.
He was born in Savannah, Georgia, United States. Edmund Gregory first played alto saxophone professionally for Luther Henderson aged 13, and studied at the Boston Conservatory, and to perform with trumpeter Roy Eldridge. He played lead alto with Fletcher Henderson in the mid-1940s.
He was one of the first jazz musicians to convert to Islam and changed his name in 1947. He belonged to the Ahmadiyya sect of Islam. During the late 1940s, Shihab played with Thelonious Monk, and on July 23, 1951 he recorded with Monk (later issued on the album Genius of Modern Music: Volume 2). During this period, he also appeared on recordings by Art Blakey, Kenny Dorham and Benny Golson. The invitation to play with Dizzy Gillespie's big band in the early 1950s was of particular significance, as it marked Shihab's switch to baritone.
On August 12, 1958, Shihab was one of the musicians photographed by Art Kane in his photograph known as "A Great Day in Harlem". In 1959, he toured Europe with Quincy Jones. Shihab, disillusioned with racial politics in United States, decided around this time to move to Europe. He settled in Scandinavia, first in Stockholm, Sweden, then moving in 1964 to Copenhagen, Denmark. He worked for Copenhagen Polytechnic and wrote scores for television, cinema and theatre. He wrote a ballet based on the Danish writer Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tale, The Red Shoes.
In 1973, Shihab returned to the United States for a three-year stay, working as a session musician for rock and pop artists and working as a copyist for local musicians. He spent his remaining years between New York and Copenhagen, and played in a partnership with Art Farmer. He also led his own jazz combo called Dues.
- 1957: The Jazz We Heard Last Summer (Savoy) split album shared with Herbie Mann
- 1957: Jazz Sahib (Savoy)
- 1963: Sahib's Jazz Party (Debut) also released as Conversations
- 1964: Summer Dawn (Argo)
- 1965: Sahib Shihab and the Danish Radio Jazz Group (Oktav)
- 1968: Seeds (Vogue Schallplatten)
- 1964-70: Companionship (Vogue Schallplatten)
- 1972: Sentiments (Storyville)
- 1972: La Marche dans le Désert - Sahib Shihab + Gilson Unit (Futura)
- 1973: Flute Summit (Atlantic) with Jeremy Steig, James Moody and Chris Hinze
- 1988: Soul Mates (Uptown) with Charlie Rouse
- 1998: And All Those Cats (compilation)
With Art Blakey
With Brass Fever
- Time Is Running Out (Impulse!, 1976)
With Donald Byrd
With Betty Carter
With the Kenny Clarke/Francy Boland Big Band
- Jazz Is Universal (Atlantic, 1962)
- Handle with Care (Atlantic, 1963)
- Now Hear Our Meanin' (Columbia, 1963 )
- Swing, Waltz, Swing (Philips, 1966)
- Sax No End (SABA, 1967)
- Out of the Folk Bag (Columbia, 1967)
- 17 Men and Their Music (Campi, 1967)
- All Smiles (MPS, 1968)
- Faces (MPS, 1969)
- Latin Kaleidoscope (MPS, 1968)
- Fellini 712 (MPS, 1969)
- All Blues (MPS, 1969)
- More Smiles (MPS, 1969)
- Clarke Boland Big Band en Concert avec Europe 1 (Tréma, 1969 )
- Off Limits (Polydor, 1970)
- November Girl (Black Lion, 1970 ) with Carmen McRae
- Change of Scenes (Verve, 1971) with Stan Getz
With John Coltrane
- Coltrane (1957)
With Tadd Dameron
- Fontainebleau (1956)
With Art Farmer
- Manhattan (Soul Note, 1981)
- Curtis Fuller and Hampton Hawes with French Horns (Status, 1957 ) - also released as Baritones and French Horns (Prestige, 1957)
With Dizzy Gillespie
With Benny Golson
With Johnny Griffin
- Lady Heavy Bottom's Waltz (1968)
- Griff 'N Bags
With George Gruntz
- Noon in Tunisia (1967)
With Roy Haynes
- Jazz Abroad (Emarcy, 1955)
With Milt Jackson
- Plenty, Plenty Soul (Atlantic, 1957)
With Philly Joe Jones
- Drums Around the World (Riverside, 1959)
With Quincy Jones
- The Birth of a Band! (Mercury, 1959)
- The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones (Mercury, 1959)
- I Dig Dancers (Mercury, 1960)
- Quincy Plays for Pussycats (Mercury, 1959-65 )
With Abbey Lincoln
- It's Magic (Riverside, 1958)
With Howard McGhee
- The Return of Howard McGhee (Bethlehem, 1955)
With Thelonious Monk
- Genius of Modern Music: Volume 1 (Blue Note, 1947)
- Genius of Modern Music: Volume 2 (Blue Note, 1951)
With Phineas Newborn, Jr.
- Phineas Newborn, Jr. Plays Harold Arlen's Music from Jamaica (RCA Victor, 1957)
With Oscar Pettiford
- The Oscar Pettiford Orchestra in Hi-Fi Volume Two (ABC-Paramount, 1957)
With Specs Powell
- Movin' In (Roulette, 1957)
With A. K. Salim
- Blues Suite (Savoy, 1958)
With Tony Scott
- The Modern Art of Jazz (1957, Seeco) - with Bill Evans, Paul Motian
- Free Blown Jazz (1957, Carlton) - with Bill Evans, Paul Motian
With Mal Waldron
- Mal-2 (1957)
- The Jazz Modes (Atlantic, 1959)
With Randy Weston
- Uhuru Afrika (Roulette, 1960)
- Four Altos (Prestige, 1957)]
With Phil Woods
- Rights of Swing (Candid, 1961)
With Idrees Sulieman
- The Camel (Columbia, 1964)
- Doc Rock. "The Dead Rock Stars Club : 1980s". Thedeadrockstarsclub.com. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Who's Who of Jazz (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 362. ISBN 0-85112-580-8.
- "Artist Profiles : Sahib Shihab: Seeds And Sentiments". Allaboutjazz.com. 10 March 2004. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
- "Sahib Shihab | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved August 1, 2021.
- Robin D. G. Kelley (13 March 2012). Africa Speaks, America Answers: Modern Jazz in Revolutionary Times. Harvard University Press. p. 94. ISBN 9780674065246.
- "Genius of Modern Music, Vol. 2 - Thelonious Monk | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved August 1, 2021.
- "Sahib Shihab: Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
- "JazzWax". Jazzwax.com. Retrieved August 1, 2021.