Mohali district

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Mohali district
Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar district
Location in Punjab, India
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°41′N 76°43′E / 30.69°N 76.72°E / 30.69; 76.72Coordinates: 30°41′N 76°43′E / 30.69°N 76.72°E / 30.69; 76.72
Country India
StatePunjab
Established14 April 2006
HeadquartersMohali
Government
 • MLABalbir Singh Sidhu
 • Member of ParliamentManish Tewari
Area
 • Total1,098 km2 (423.9402 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total994,628
 • Density910/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-PB-SA
Vehicle registrationPB 65
Vidhan Sabha constituencyS.A.S. Nagar (Mohali)
Lok Sabha constituencyAnandpur Sahib
Websitewww.sasnagar.gov.in

Mohali district, officially known as Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar district or SAS Nagar district,[1] is one of the twenty two districts of Punjab, a state in north-west India. It was formed in April 2006[2][3] and is 18th district of Punjab, created next to Pathankot district. This district was carved out of areas falling in Ropar and Patiala District. It is situated next to the union territory of Chandigarh and Panchkula district of Haryana.

The district is officially named after Sahibzada Ajit Singh, the eldest son of Guru Gobind Singh.

History[edit]

Rural development blocks[edit]

Kharar block[edit]

This block consists of 154 villages and two towns namely Ajitgarh and Kharar and there four uninhabited villages. As per the 2001 census, the total population of the block is 369,798. The rural population of the block is 196,044 out of which there are 106,688 males and 89,356 females. The total Scheduled Caste (SC) population in the rural area is 55,544. The block has a total area of 411.32 km2 (158.81 sq mi), of which the rural area is 383.26 km2 (147.98 sq mi).

Under the service area approach, all the villages have been allocated among 17 branches of commercial banks and four branches of RPBs. There are a total of 86 branches are functioning in the block which comprises 57 commercial banks, 13 private banks, 11 cooperative banks, four Punjab Gramin Banks, and one Agricultural Development bank. SAS Nagar has emerged as an Industrial Focal Point and designated as District Headquarters. It has become a satellite town of Chandigarh and has registered a fast rate of growth.

Majri block[edit]

Majri Block comprises 116 villages one of which is uninhabited. This block forms part of the Kharar subdivision. The total population of the block is 111,598 as per the 2001 census. The population in the rural area is 88551, out of which 47,892 are males and 40,659 are female. The SC population in the rural area is 25,531. Kurali is the only town in the block and has a population of 23,047. This block is spread over an area 274.84 km2 (106.12 sq mi). The block comes under the dark category. All the villages numbering 116 have been allocated among eight branches of commercial banks and one branch of P.G.B. There are 16 branches operating in this block which comprises 9 branches of commercial banks. One private Sector Bank, One branch of PGB and SAS Nagar central co-operative bank has five branches. Due to certain incentives being initiated by the Government many large and small-scale industrial units have been established around Kurali.

Dera Bassi block[edit]

This block consists of 144 villages and two towns namely Zirakpur and Dera Bassi and there are six uninhabited villages. As per the 2001 census, the total population of the block is 216,921. The rural population of the block is 170192 out of which there are 93,116 males and 77,076 females. The total SC population in the rural area is 48,683. This block has total area of 406.48 km2 (156.94 sq mi), with the rural area covering 371.17 km2 (143.31 sq mi). Dera Bassi block has a good number of small scale units. Chemical paints, Steel tubes, plywood, handlooms, and knitting of Daris are some of the industries which have offered good employment to a number of persons. The soil of the block is sandy to sandy loam. There are a total of 25 branches are functioning in the block which comprises 19 commercial banks, one private bank, three cooperative banks, one Malwa Gramin Bank and one agricultural development bank. Zirakpur and had a very fast development and has become a part of Greater Chandigarh.

District areas[edit]

Areas within the district include:

Architecture[edit]

Fateh Burj[edit]

Banda Singh Bahadur War Memorial is the tallest victory tower in India and is located at Chappar Chiri in the district

The Fateh Burj (English: The Victory Tower; Punjabi: ਫਤਿਹ ਬੁਰਜ) is the tallest victory tower (Minar) in the country.[4] The 328 ft (100 m) tower is dedicated to the establishment of Sikh rule in India in 1711.[5] It is also known as Baba Banda Singh Bahadur War Memorial. It was here that Banda Singh Bahadur, one of the most respected Sikh warriors, won a decisive battle against Wazir Khan, commander of the Mughal army.[2]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, SAS Nagar district has a population of 994,628,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Fiji[7] or the US state of Montana.[8] This gives it a ranking of 450th in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 830 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,100/sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 32.02%.[6] SAS Nagar has a sex ratio of 878 females for every 1,000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 84.9%.[6]

Weather[edit]

Mohali has a subtropical climate where the summers are hot, the winters cold, because it is close to the mountains in Himachal, and the monsoons are mild to average.[9]

In summers (May-September) the temperature can rise up to 47 degrees Celsius and in winters (November-February) the temperature can go as low as 1 or 0 degrees celsius. In the monsoon months the weather is hot and humid and the spring season is pleasant with a mild chill.

Religion in Mohali district (Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar district)[10]
Religion Percent
Sikhism
48.15%
Hinduism
47.88%
Islam
2.96%
Christianity
0.54%
Others
0.46%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "It’s Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, not Ajitgarh: DC": Retrieved from The Tribune: Nov 28 2014
  2. ^ a b SAS Nagar to become a district: Retrieved from The Tribune: 20060228
  3. ^ "About NIC District Centre S.A.S. NAGAR MOHALI (MOHALI)". Archived from the original on 16 February 2012.
  4. ^ "Badal inaugurates tallest victory tower". MSN. 30 November 2011. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  5. ^ Bajwa, Harpreet (1 December 2011). "Fateh Burj, India's tallest victory tower, thrown open". Indian Express. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Fiji 883,125 July 2011 est.
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Montana 989,415
  9. ^ https://flatooz.in/mohali/
  10. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/605-mohali.html

External links[edit]