Sahid Matangini (community development block)

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Sahid Matangini
সহীদ মাতঙ্গিনী
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Sahid Matangini is located in West Bengal
Sahid Matangini
Sahid Matangini
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°24′31″N 87°54′46″E / 22.4085810°N 87.9128190°E / 22.4085810; 87.9128190Coordinates: 22°24′31″N 87°54′46″E / 22.4085810°N 87.9128190°E / 22.4085810; 87.9128190
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purba Medinipur
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 97.82 km2 (37.77 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 199,210
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area code(s) 03228
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-29, WB-30, WB-31, WB-32, WB-33
Literacy 86.99%
Lok Sabha constituency Tamluk
Vidhan Sabha constituency Tamluk
Website purbamedinipur.gov.in

Sahid Matangini is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Tamluk subdivision of Purba Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Etymology[edit]

The block is named after Matangini Hazra, an independence activist. She was born in Hogla village in what is now Sahid Matangini block, in 1869. She was shot dead by the police in front of Tamluk Police Station on 29 September 1942.[1]

Geography[edit]

Purba Medinipur district is part of the lower Indo-Gangetic Plain and Eastern coastal plains. Topographically, the district can be divided into two parts – (a) almost entirely flat plains on the west, east and north, (b) the coastal plains on the south. The vast expanse of land is formed of alluvium and is composed of younger and coastal alluvial. The elevation of the district is within 10 metres above mean sea level. The district has a long coastline of 65.5 km along its southern and south eastern boundary. Five coastal CD Blocks, namely, Khejuri II, Contai II (Deshapran), Contai I, Ramnagar I and II, are occasionally affected by cyclones and tornadoes. Tidal floods are quite regular in these five CD Blocks. Normally floods occur in 21 of the 25 CD Blocks in the district. The major rivers are Haldi, Rupnarayan, Rasulpur, Bagui and Keleghai, flowing in north to south or south-east direction. River water is an important source of irrigation. The district has a low 899 hectare forest cover, which is 0.02% of its geographical area.[2][3][4]

Kharui, a constituent panchayat of Sahid Matangini block, is located at 22°24′31″N 87°54′46″E / 22.4085810°N 87.9128190°E / 22.4085810; 87.9128190.

Sahid Matangini CD Block is bounded by Kolaghat CD Block in the north, Bagnan II and Shyampur II CD Blocks, in Howrah district, across the Rupnarayan, in the east, Tamluk CD Block in the south and Kolaghat and Tamluk CD Blocks in the west.[5][6]

It is located 12 km from Tamluk, the district headquarters.[5]

Sahid Matangini CD Block has an area of 97.82 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 152 gram sansads (village councils), 87 mouzas and 81 inhabited villages. Kolaghat police station serves this block.[7] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Chatara.[8]

Gram panchayats of Sahid Matangini block/ panchayat samiti are: Balluk I, Balluk II, Dhalpara, Kakharda, Kharui I, Kharui II, Raghunathpur I, Raghunathpur II, Santipur I and Santipur II.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Sahid Matangini CD Block had a total population of 199,210, of which 183,987 were rural and 15,223 were urban. There were 103,144 (52%) males and 96,066 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 22,061. Scheduled Castes numbered 11,239 (5.64%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 246 (0.12%).[10]

As per 2001 census, Sahid Matangini block had a total population of 176,219, out of which 90,888 were males and 85,331 were females. Sahid Matangini block registered a population growth of 13.87 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[11]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[12]

Census Towns in Sahid Matangini CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Kakdihi (5,477) and Shantipur (9,746).[10]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Sahid Matangini CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Baragechhe (4,981), Chatara (4,868), Kharui (7,343), Gathra (4,348), Saira (4,122), Alinan (4,339), Balarampur (4,350), Janu Basan (5,363), Mahisda (4,279) and Uttar Dhalhara (7,150).[10]

Other villages in Sahid Matangini CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Ballok (3,565), Kakharda (2,930) and Raghunathpur (2,079).[10]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Sahid Matangini CD Block was 154,093 (86.99% of the population over 6 years) out of which 85,093 (55%) were males and 69,000 (45%) were females.[10]As per 2011 census, literacy in Purba Medinipur district was 87.02%.[13] Purba Medinipur had the highest literacy amongst all the districts of West Bengal in 2011.[14]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[5]

Religion in Sahid Matangini CD Block
Hindu
84.66%
Muslim
15.25%
Others
0.09%

In 2011 census Hindus numbered 168,642 and formed 84.66% of the population in Sahid Matangini CD Block. Muslims numbered 30,390 and formed 15.25% of the population. Others numbered 178 and formed 0.09% of the population.[15]

Rural poverty[edit]

The District Human Development Report for Purba Medinipur has provided a CD Block-wise data table for Modified Human Poverty Index of the district. Sahid Matangini CD Block registered 23.77 on the MHPI scale. The CD Block-wise mean MHPI was estimated at 24.9. Eleven out of twentyfive CD Blocks were found to be severely deprived in respect of grand CD Block average value of MHPI (CD Blocks with lower amount of poverty are better): All the CD Blocks of Haldia and Contai subdivisions appeared backward, except Ramnagar I & II, of all the blocks of Egra subdivision only Bhagabanpur I appeared backward and in Tamluk subdivision none appeared backward.[16]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Sahid Matangini CD Block in 2011, total workers formed 36.52% of the total population and amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 12.21%, agricultural labourers 25.52%, household industry workers 8.67% and other workers 53.60%.[17]

Infrastructure[edit]

84 or 92% of mouzas in Sahid Matangini CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[17]In 2007-08, around 40% of rural households in the district had electricity.[18]

All 87 mouzas in Sahid Matangni CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 31 fertiliser depots, 9 seed stores and 39 fair price shops in the CD Block.[17]

Agriculture[edit]

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Sahid Matangini CD Block

  Bargadars (1.86%)
  Patta holders (6.96%)
  Small farmers (2.26%)
  Marginal farmers (37.01%)
  Agricultural labourers (51.91%)

According to the District Human Development Report of Purba Medinipur: The agricultural sector is the lifeline of a predominantly rural economy. It is largely dependent on the Low Capacity Deep Tubewells (around 50%) or High Capacity Deep Tubewells (around 27%) for irrigation, as the district does not have a good network of canals, compared to some of the neighbouring districts. In many cases the canals are drainage canals which get the backflow of river water at times of high tide or the rainy season. The average size of land holding in Purba Medinipur, in 2005-06, was 0.73 hectares against 1.01 hectares in West Bengal.[18]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Sahid Matangini CD Block was 5,315 hectares, out 695 hectares were irrigated by tank water, 120 hectares by river lift irrigation and 4,500 hectares by other means.[17]

In 2003-04 net area sown in Sahid Matangini CD Block was 6,621 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 5,820 hectares.[19]

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[20]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Sahid Matangini CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 1.86%, patta (document) holders 6.96%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 2.26%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 37.01% and agricultural labourers 51.91%.[17]

In 2013-14, Sahid Matangini CD Block produced 1,876 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 2,385 hectares, 17,325 tonnes of Boro paddy, the spring crop, from 4,826 hectares, 13 tonnes of wheat from 5 hectares and 3,363 tonnes of potatoes from 102 hectares. It also produced pulses and oil seeds.[17]

Betelvine is a major source of livelihood in Purba Medinipur district, particularly in Tamluk and Contai subdivisions. Betelvine production in 2008-09 was the highest amongst all the districts and was around a third of the total state production. In 2008-09, Purba Mednipur produced 2,789 tonnes of cashew nuts from 3,340 hectares of land.[18]

Floriculture[edit]

West Bengal is the third largest producer of flower in the country. The two leading flower producing districts of West Bengal are Purba Medinipur and Nadia. Purba Medinipur leads in both cropped area and production, although floriculture in the district remains in its infancy. There is great potentiality of flower production particularly in three CD Blocks – Kolaghat, Panskura and Sahid Matangini.[21]

In 2007-08 in Purba Medinipur district 31.750 crore spikes of rose were produced from 555 hectares, 4,880 tonnes of chrysanthemum were produced from 150 hectares, 4.140 crore spikes of gladiolus were produced from 250 hectares, 13.310 crore spikes of tube rose were produced from 451 hectares, 10,140 tonnes marigold were produced from 1,115 hectares, 370 tonnes of jasmine were produced from 280 hectares, and 1,645 tonnes of season flowers were produced from 1,255 hectares.[22]

Concentration of Handicraft Activities in CD Blocks
  • Horn Craft - Kolaghat
  • Pata Chitra - Chandipur, Nandakumar
  • Sea Shell – Ramnagar I & II
  • Mat & Mat Diversified Products – Ramnagar I, Egra I & II, Patashpur I
  • Brass & Bell Metal – Ramnagar I, Mahisadal, Patashpur II, Egra I
  • Diversified Jute Products – Ramnagar II, Nandakumar, Kolaghat, Shahid Matangini
  • Cane & Bamboo Products - Chandipur, Nandakumar, Kolaghat, Shahid Matangini
  • Sola Craft - Tamluk, Kolaghat
  • Pottery/Terracotta - Panskura, Tamluk, Sahid Matangini, Nandakumar
  • Wood Craft - Tamluk
  • Zari work - Sutahta, Mahisadal, Haldia, Nandakumar

Source: District Human Development Report, Purba Medinipur, Page 97

Pisciculture[edit]

Purba Medinipur’s net district domestic product derives one fifth of its earnings from fisheries, the highest amongst all the districts of West Bengal.[18]The nett area available for effective pisciculture in Sahid Matangini CD Block in 2013-14 was 510.30 hectares. 2,860 persons were engaged in the profession and approximate annual production was 19,442 quintals.[17]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Sahid Matangini CD Block had offices of 9 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[17]

Transport[edit]

Sahid Matangini is a station on the Panskura-Haldia line.[23]The line was constructed in 1968[24]and was electrified in 1974-76.[25]

NH 116, from Kolaghat to Haldia, passes through this block.[26]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Sahid Matangini CD Block had 112 primary schools with 8,513 students, 14 middle schools with 1,776 students, 9 high schools with 3,490 students and 14 higher secondary schools with 16,454 students. Sahid Matangini CD Block had 285 institutions for special and non-formal education with 12,339 students.[17]

Shahid Matangini Hazra Government College for Women is the general degree college in this block.

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Sahid Matangini CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 2 primary health centres, and 8 private nursing homes with total 115 beds and 8 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 31 family welfare sub centres. 2,780 patients were treated indoor and 129,042 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Legacy of Midnapore". Midnapore.in. Retrieved 2011-07-20. 
  2. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Purba Midnapur District" (PDF). Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Industries, Government of India. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  3. ^ "Mapping Dynamics of land utilization and its changing Patterns of Purba Medinipure District - W.B". researchgate.net. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Human Development Report: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter I Introduction. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c "Tamluk". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Map Purba Medinipur". Maps. Purba Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purba Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  8. ^ "District Census Handbook: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Purba Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  9. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Purba Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2016. 
  12. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  13. ^ "Purba Medinipur (East Midnapore) District: Census 2011 data". 2016 Digital Trends. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  14. ^ "Districts of West Bengal". High Literacy. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  15. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Pages: 2214-215. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purba Medinipur". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 18.3, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  18. ^ a b c d "District Human Development Report: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Pages: 26, 30-33, 37, 61-63, 89-94. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  19. ^ "District Statistical Handbook – 2004 – Purba Medinipur" (PDF). Table 18.1. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  21. ^ Dr. Sanjit Kumar Das. "Commercial Prospects of Floriculture: A Study on Purba Medinipur District of West Bengal" (PDF). Business Spectrum, July–December 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  22. ^ "Areas and the production of flowers in the district of Purba Medinipur". West Bengal State Marketing Board. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  23. ^ "38093=> 38055 Panskura-Haldia Local". Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  24. ^ "Year of construction of important BG lines" (PDF). History. South Eastern Railway. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  25. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  26. ^ "National Highways" (PDF). Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 1 July 2016.