Lake Saiful Muluk

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Lake Saiful Muluk
Lake Saif ul Malook - Naran.jpg
The lake is notable for its picturesque setting in the mountains of northern Pakistan
LocationSaiful Muluk National Park
Kaghan Valley
Coordinates34°52′37″N 73°41′40″E / 34.876957°N 73.694485°E / 34.876957; 73.694485Coordinates: 34°52′37″N 73°41′40″E / 34.876957°N 73.694485°E / 34.876957; 73.694485
Lake typeAlpine, Glacial lake
Primary inflowsGlaciers water
Primary outflowsKunhar River
Basin countriesPakistan Pakistan
Surface area2.75 km2 (1.06 sq mi)
Max. depth50 ft (15 m)
Surface elevation3,224 metres (10,577 ft)[1]
SettlementsNaran

Saiful Muluk (Urdu: جھیل سیف الملوک‎) is a mountainous lake located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley, near the town of Naran in the Saiful Muluk National Park. The lake is a source of the Kunhar river. At an elevation of 3,224 m (10,578 feet) above sea level, the lake is located above the tree line, and is one of the highest lakes in Pakistan.

Location[edit]

The road to the lake traverses the mountains of the Kaghan Valley

Saiful Muluk is located in the Mansehra district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, about 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) north of Naran,[2][3] in the northern part of Kaghan Valley. Malika Parbat, the highest peak in the valley is near the lake.[4]

The lake is accessible from the nearby town of Naran during the summer season but access during winter is limited.

Physical features[edit]

Saiful Muluk was formed by glacial moraines that blocked the water of the stream passing through the valley.[5] The Kaghan Valley was formed in the greater Pleistocene Period dating back almost 300,000 years when the area was covered with ice. Rising temperatures and receding glaciers left a large depression where glaciers once stood. Melting water collected into the lake.

Saif-ul-Muluk panorama in spring

Ecology[edit]

The lake has rich eco-diversity and holds many species of blue-green algae. Large brown trout are found in the lake, up to about seven kilograms.[6] About 26 species of vascular plant exist in the area, with Asteraceae the most commonly found species. Other species commonly found in the region are: Ranunculaceae, Compositae, Cruciferae, Gramineae, Apiaceae, Leguminosae, Scrophulariaceae and Polygonaceae.[7]

Folklore[edit]

The Lake Saiful Muluk is named after a legendary prince. A fairy tale called Saif-ul-Muluk, written by the Sufi poet Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, talks of the lake.[8][9] It tells the story of the prince of Persia named Prince Saiful Malook who fell in love with a fairy princess named Princess Badri-ul-Jamala at the lake.[10]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Surface Elevation of Lake Saiful Muluk". Dailytimes.com.pk. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Distance from Naran". Google Maps. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  3. ^ Ali, Ihsan. "Natural Heritage of Kaghan Valley". Mapping and Documentation of the Cultural Assets of Kaghan Valley, Mansehra (PDF) (Report). Islamabad: UNESCO. p. 46. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  4. ^ Hussain, Manzoor; Khan, Mir Ajab; Shah, Ghulam Mujtaba (5 March 2006). "Traditional Medicinal and Economic uses of Gymnosperms of Kaghan Valley, Pakistan". Ethnobotanical Leaflets. 10: 72. ISSN 1948-3570. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  5. ^ Ehlers, J.; Gibbard, P. L. (29 July 2004). Quaternary Glaciations - Extent and Chronology (2 ed.). Elsevier. pp. 305–306. ISBN 978-0444515933. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  6. ^ Muhammad Yaqoob (14 March 2003). "Production and culture of trout in the Northwest Frontier Province and Northern Areas of Pakistan, A review". In Peter, T.; Swar, S. B. Cold water fisheries in the trans-Himalayan countries. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 327. ISBN 978-9251048078. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  7. ^ Rehman, Zia-ur; Khan, Mir Ajab; Ahmad, Mushtaq; Arshad, Muhammad (June 2011). "Diversity and distribution pattern of alpine vegetation along Lake Saif-ul-Mulook, Western Himalaya, Pakistan" (PDF). International Proceedings of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering. Singapore: International Association of Computer Science and Information Technology Press. 16: 155–162. doi:10.7763/IPCBEE. ISSN 2010-4618. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  8. ^ http://windsweptwords.com/2013/04/27/the-legend-of-Saif-ul-Muluk-part-iv/
  9. ^ "The News International: Latest News Breaking, Pakistan News". www.thenews.com.pk.
  10. ^ Javed, Asghar (23 June 2002). "Pristine lakes of the north". Dawn. Archived from the original on 13 July 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2016.

External links[edit]