|•||Independence of India||1948|
|•||1901||769 km2 (297 sq mi)|
|Density||45.5 /km2 (117.9 /sq mi)|
|Sailana (Princely State)|
Sailana State was an 11 gun salute princely state in India, part of the Malwa Agency of Central India during the British Raj. The state enjoyed an estimated revenue of Rs.3,00,000 in 1901. The flag was a red triangle.
Sailana State was founded by Raja Jai Singh, great-grandson of Maharaja Ratan Singh, founder of Ratlam State. In 1716 Jai singh took revenge against his uncle for the murder of his father, he killed him in a pitched battle at sagode and secured Ratlam for his elder brother. The two brothers then divided the state between themselves. Jai singh's capital was initially at Raoti. He built Sailana city as his new capital in 1736. He fought 22 battles in his lifetime, turning Sailana into an independent state. During Raja Mokham Singh's rule, Sailana suffered in war against the Scindias of Gwalior, most of the states eastern and southern lands were annexed. Raja Lakshman Singh of Sailana tried to push the Scindia's out of his kingdom, in 1818 he refused to pay chauth which was regularly levied, the Scindias retaliated by sending an army under Bujang Rao, the Gwalior army which had european arms and was French trained lost its advantage on the hills en route to Sailana and was defeated by Lakshman Singh, the captured soldiers were allowed to leave but all of their guns and artillery were taken. In 1819, Bapu Rao was appointed to punish the raja of Sailana and enforce tribute opon him. Bapu Rao had previously been sent by the Scindia's to defeat and exact tributes from the Maharaja of Jaipur and the Maharana of Udaipur. However on 5 January 1819, John Malcolm mediated between Gwalior and Sailana upon which Raja Lakshman Singh accepted British protection and agreed to pay a fixed tribute of 42,000 Salim Shahi to Gwalior, in return for Scindia agreeing to refrain from any interference in Sailana. During British rule Sailana saw development under the capable rule of Raja Jaswant Singh and then under his son Raja Dilip Singh, many reforms were introduced over the coming years, with particular attention being paid to education and the provision of vernacular educational facilities. By 1947, education and medical aid were provided free of charge, the local municipality was placed on a democratic footing and the judiciary and executive made independent of each other. Although the economy was primarily agricultural, some limited industrialisation included oil mills, and iron and steel works. On 15 June 1948, Raja Dilip Singh signed the accession to the Indian Union.
|Jai Singh||1736 – 1757|
|Jaswant Singh||1757 – 1772|
|Ajab Singh||1772 – 1782|
|Mokham Singh||1782 – 1797|
|Lakshman Singh||1797 – 1826|
|Ratan Singh||1826 – 1827|
|Nahar Singh||1827 – 1841|
|Takhat Singh||1841 – 1850|
|Rajmata Nath Kanwarji (regent)||1850 – 1859|
|Duleh Singh||1850 – 1895|
|Jaswant Singh||1895 – 1919|
|Dilip Singh||1919 – 1948 (1948 - 1961 titular)|
|Digvijay Singh (titular)||1961 – 1990|
|Vikram Singh (titular)||1990 – present|
Jagirdars of Sailana State
All the jagirdars owe fealty and service to the ruler and pay cesses and tanka. No jagirdar has the right to adopt without the permission of the raja. The 1st class jagirdars are allowed to wear gold anklets, and at their succession, they are installed by the ruling raja himself.
The following were the 1st class Jagirdars of Sailana in 1908.
The following were the 2nd class Jagirdars of Sailana in 1908.
The 3rd class jagirdars were hereditary office holders of the state.