Sailana State

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sailana State
Princely State
1736–1948
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
History
 •  Established 1736
 •  Independence of India 1948
Area
 •  1901 769 km2 (297 sq mi)
Population
 •  1901 35,000 
Density 45.5 /km2  (117.9 /sq mi)
Sailana (Princely State)

Sailana State was an 11 gun salute princely state in India, part of the Malwa Agency of Central India during the British Raj. The state enjoyed an estimated revenue of Rs.3,00,000 in 1901. The flag was a red triangle.[1]

History[edit]

Sailana State was founded by Raja Jai Singh, great-grandson of Maharaja Ratan Singh, founder of Ratlam State. In 1716 Jai singh took revenge against his uncle for the murder of his father, he killed him in a pitched battle at sagode and secured Ratlam for his elder brother. The two brothers then divided the state between themselves. Jai singh's capital was initially at Raoti. He built Sailana city as his new capital in 1736. He fought 22 battles in his lifetime, turning Sailana into an independent state.[1] During Raja Mokham Singh's rule, Sailana suffered in war against the Scindias of Gwalior, most of the states eastern and southern lands were annexed. Raja Lakshman Singh of Sailana tried to push the Scindia's out of his kingdom, in 1818 he refused to pay chauth which was regularly levied, the Scindias retaliated by sending an army under Bujang Rao, the Gwalior army which had european arms and was French trained lost its advantage on the hills en route to Sailana and was defeated by Lakshman Singh, the captured soldiers were allowed to leave but all of their guns and artillery were taken. In 1819, Bapu Rao was appointed to punish the raja of Sailana and enforce tribute opon him. Bapu Rao had previously been sent by the Scindia's to defeat and exact tributes from the Maharaja of Jaipur and the Maharana of Udaipur.[2] However on 5 January 1819, John Malcolm mediated between Gwalior and Sailana upon which Raja Lakshman Singh accepted British protection and agreed to pay a fixed tribute of 42,000 Salim Shahi to Gwalior, in return for Scindia agreeing to refrain from any interference in Sailana. During British rule Sailana saw development under the capable rule of Raja Jaswant Singh and then under his son Raja Dilip Singh, many reforms were introduced over the coming years, with particular attention being paid to education and the provision of vernacular educational facilities. By 1947, education and medical aid were provided free of charge, the local municipality was placed on a democratic footing and the judiciary and executive made independent of each other. Although the economy was primarily agricultural, some limited industrialisation included oil mills, and iron and steel works. On 15 June 1948, Raja Dilip Singh signed the accession to the Indian Union.[3][4]

Rulers[edit]

The state was ruled by the Rathore dynasty of Rajputs.

Rajas[edit]

Name Year
Jai Singh 1736 – 1757
Jaswant Singh 1757 – 1772
Ajab Singh 1772 – 1782
Mokham Singh 1782 – 1797
Lakshman Singh 1797 – 1826
Ratan Singh 1826 – 1827
Nahar Singh 1827 – 1841
Takhat Singh 1841 – 1850
Rajmata Nath Kanwarji (regent) 1850 – 1859
Duleh Singh 1850 – 1895
Jaswant Singh 1895 – 1919
Dilip Singh 1919 – 1948 (1948 - 1961 titular)
Digvijay Singh (titular) 1961 – 1990
Vikram Singh (titular) 1990 – present

Jagirdars of Sailana State[edit]

All the jagirdars owe fealty and service to the ruler and pay cesses and tanka. No jagirdar has the right to adopt without the permission of the raja. The 1st class jagirdars are allowed to wear gold anklets, and at their succession, they are installed by the ruling raja himself.[5]

The following were the 1st class Jagirdars of Sailana in 1908.

Name Revenue Dynasty
Semlia 32,000 Rathore
Birmawal 24,000 Rathore
Kariya 17,000 Rathore

The following were the 2nd class Jagirdars of Sailana in 1908.

Name Revenue Dynasty
Ghatwas 6,000 Rathore
Omran 5,000 Sonigara
Nayapura 4,500 Rathore
Mewasa 2,800 Sisodia
Chandoria 2,500 Rathore
Nalkui 1,900 Sonigara
Kotria 1,800 Rathore

The 3rd class jagirdars were hereditary office holders of the state.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Imperial Gazetteer of India. Vol.21. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1908. pp. 385–7.
  2. ^ History of the Marathas By R.S. Chaurasia p.41
  3. ^ Princely States of India
  4. ^ Sailana through the ages by Jayantilaal Mehta
  5. ^ Rulers, Leading families, and officials in the states of central India Pg.152-154

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°28′N 74°55′E / 23.47°N 74.92°E / 23.47; 74.92