Sailfish-class submarine

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USS Sailfish (SSR-572)
USS Sailfish (SSR-572)
Class overview
Builders: Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine
Operators:  United States Navy
Built: 1953–1956
In commission: 1956–1978
Planned: 2
Completed: 2
Retired: 2
General characteristics
Type: Radar picket submarine
Displacement: 1,990 long tons (2,022 t) light
2,334 long tons (2,371 t) surfaced
3,168 long tons (3,219 t) submerged[1]
Length: 350 ft 6 in (106.83 m)
Beam: 29 ft 1 in (8.86 m)
Draft: 16 ft 4 in (5 m)
Propulsion: 4 × Fairbanks-Morse Diesel engines (total 6,000 shp (4,500 kW)),

2 × Elliott electric motors (total 8,200 shp (6,100 kW)),
2 × 126-cell Sargo II batteries,

2 shafts[2]
Speed: 20.5 knots (38.0 km/h; 23.6 mph) surfaced
15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) submerged
Complement: 95 officers and men
Armament: 6 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes (bow),
18 torpedoes[2]

The Sailfish-class submarines of the United States Navy, launched in 1955-56, were the first to be built expressly for radar picket service and, at the time, were the largest conventionally powered submarines in the United States Navy. Only USS Argonaut (SM-1) and the Narwhal-class submarines from the 1920s were larger. The Sailfishes were initially equipped with large BPS-2 and BPS-3 radars in and aft of the sail. They were designed for a high surface speed; however, their speed achieved was not significantly faster than converted World War II radar picket submarines.[2] Commissioned in 1956, they served in the radar picket role until early 1961, when the submarine radar picket mission ended fleetwide. Airborne radar had superseded it with the deployment of the Grumman WF-2 Tracer. Modernized under the Fleet Rehabilitation and Modernization II (FRAM II) program 1964-66, both submarines served until decommissioning in the late 1970s.

Design[edit]

This class was an attempt to improve on the speed and surfaced seakeeping qualities of the converted World War II submarines previously used as radar pickets. They were equipped with a BPS-2 air search radar in the sail and a BPS-3 height finder on a pedestal aft of the sail.[2] Despite a 6,000 shp (4,500 kW) diesel plant, their surfaced speed was only a few knots more than the effective speed of their smaller predecessors, so they were incapable of effectively escorting carrier task forces.[2] After the submarine radar picket role ended in 1961, they were reclassified as attack submarines (SS). In 1964-66 they were modernized under the FRAM II program, with Salmon temporarily receiving Regulus missile guidance equipment. Both received BQG-4 PUFFS fire control sonar at this time.

Ships in class[edit]

Name Hull number Builder Laid Down Launched Commissioned Fate
Sailfish SSR-572 Portsmouth Naval Shipyard 8 December 1953 7 September 1955 14 April 1956 Redesignated SS-572 3 February 1962, decommissioned 29 September 1978, expended as a target May 2007
Salmon SSR-573 Portsmouth Naval Shipyard 10 March 1954 25 February 1956 30 August 1958 Redesignated SS-573 1 March 1961, decommissioned 1 October 1977, expended as a target 5 June 1993

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bauer, K. Jack; Roberts, Stephen S. (1991). Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1775-1990: Major Combatants. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 291. ISBN 0-313-26202-0. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Friedman, Norman (1995). U.S. Submarines Through 1945: An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. pp. 94–95, 242. ISBN 1-55750-263-3. 
  • Gardiner, Robert and Chumbley, Stephen, Conway's all the world's fighting ships 1947-1995, p. 614 London: Conway Maritime Press, 1995. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.

External links[edit]