Sailing Alone Around the World

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Sailing-Alone-Around-the-World-cover.jpg
Original cover
Author Joshua Slocum
Country Canada
Language Canadian English
Genre Autobiography, travel literature
Publisher The Century Company
Publication date
1900
ISBN 978-1-59308-303-8

Sailing Alone Around the World is a sailing memoir by Joshua Slocum in 1900 about his single-handed global circumnavigation aboard the sloop Spray. Slocum was the first person to sail around the world alone. The book was an immediate success and highly influential in inspiring later travelers.

Background[edit]

Captain Slocum was a highly experienced navigator and ship owner. He rebuilt and refitted the derelict sloop Spray in a seaside pasture at Fairhaven, Massachusetts over 13 months between early 1893 and 1894.

Between 24 April 1895 and 27 June 1898, Slocum, aboard the Spray, crossed the Atlantic twice (to Gibraltar and back to South America), negotiated the Strait of Magellan, and crossed the Pacific. He also visited Australia and South Africa before crossing the Atlantic (for the third time) to return to Massachusetts after a journey of 46,000 miles.

The book[edit]

Slocum attracted considerable international interest by his journey, particularly once he had entered the Pacific. He was awaited at most of his ports of call, and gave lectures and lantern-slide shows to well-filled halls. His journal was first published in installments before being issued in book form in 1900. The book was lavishly illustrated.

Slocum tells his story as a sequence of adventures, understating his own part and giving credit always to the Spray. He invents a crew-member, a supposed pilot of Columbus' Pinta, to take credit for the safety of the vessel while he sleeps.

The trip itinerary was as follows: Fairhaven, Boston, Gloucester, Nova Scotia, Azores, Gibraltar, (Morocco), Canary Islands, Cape Verde Islands, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Maldonado, Montevideo, Strait of Magellan, Cockburn Channel, Port Angosto, Juan Fernandez, Marquesas, Samoa, Fiji, Sydney, Melbourne, Tasmania, Cooktown, Christmas Island, Keeling Cocos, Rodrigues, Mauritius, Durban, Cape Town, (Transvaal), St Helena, Ascension Island, Devil's Island, Trinidad, Grenada, Newport, Fairhaven.

The Spray

Highlights of the journey included perils of sailing blue water, such as fog, gales, danger of collision, loneliness, doldrums, navigation, fatigue, gear failure. Other perils of coastal navigation included pirates, attack by 'savages', embayment, shoals and coral reefs, stranding, and shipwreck.

Passing by Tierra del Fuego, he was warned that he might be attacked by the indigenous Yahgan Indians in the night, so he sprinkled tacks on the deck. He was awakened in the middle of the night by yelps of pain. He was proud of resourcefully defending himself.

He devised a system of lashing the wheel into what a later era might call a kind of mechanical autopilot. He took pride in the fact that the Spray sailed 2000 miles west across the Pacific without his once touching the helm.

1950s attempt to recreate Slocum's voyage[edit]

In the mid-1950s, Robert Carr of Monkton, Vermont, built a replica of the Spray using the shipbuilding methods of the late 1800s. He announced his intention to sail around the world recreating Slocum's voyage. While one article reported the replica Spray and Carr's announcement, there is no documented evidence that he made a circumnavigation.[1] Bob Carr and Sirius were in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria in November 1976 after cruising the Mediterranean where the author of this addition met him and looked over the boat. Many world cruisers of the 60's and 70's reported meetings with Bob Carr and Sirius in ports in all oceans of the world so although there may be no official record of a circumnavigation it is without a doubt that the Sirius cruised very extensively and always in the manner of Bob's hero Capt. Joshua Slocum. Every part of the beautiful engineless Sirius handmade and maintained with only handtools. In November 1976 he had been in Las Palmas about a month where he had just completed making a new suit of sails from a bolts of canvas with nothing but a palm and needle and knife. A great character who was living his life as Slocum re-incarnate.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "On the Trail of the Spray", Popular Mechanics, June 1956, pp. 78-81/242.

External links[edit]