|Born||Norman Keith Collins
January 14, 1911
|Died||June 12, 1973
|Other names||Norman K. Collins, Norman "Sailor Jerry" Collins, NKC, Sailor Jerry, SJ, $|
|Occupation||Tattoo artist, Sailor, Musician|
An annual event now takes place in Hawaii called the "Sailor Jerry Festival" and aims to honor Collins's global influence, his many achievements, and his local ties.
Collins was born on January 14, 1911 in Reno but grew up in Northern California. As a child he hopped freight trains across the country and learned tattooing from a man named "Big Mike" from Palmer, Alaska, originally using the hand-pricking method. In the late 1920s he met Tatts Thomas from Chicago who taught him how to use a tattoo machine. He practiced on drunks brought in from Skid Row. He later sailed the Pacific Ocean before settling in Hawaii in the 1930s.
At age 19, Collins enlisted in the United States Navy. During his subsequent travels at sea, he was exposed to the art and imagery of Southeast Asia. During his career as a tattoo artist, he worked as a licensed skipper of a large three-masted schooner, on which he conducted tours of the Hawaiian islands.
In addition to sailing and tattooing, he played the saxophone in his own dance band and frequently hosted his own radio show on KTRG (AM) where he was known as "Old Ironsides".
Legacy of Sailor Jerry
Collins entrusted his artwork to his two protégés, Ed Hardy and Mike Malone.
His influence is undeniable and a documentary called Hori Smoku sheds a lot of light on the details.
His widow still resides in Hawaii, as does a son.
An annual event now takes place in Hawaii called the "Sailor Jerry Festival" to honor Collins's legacy and Chinatown roots on Oahu. The locally and independently produced event includes live music, DJ's, cabaret performances, movie screenings, a pin-up fashion show - where models wear outfits designed from Sailor Jerry flash, neighborhood tours, and tattoos available at two area shops, including Sailor Jerry's last location.
Sailor Jerry Tattoos
Collins expanded the array of colors available by developing his own pigments. He created needle formations that embedded pigment with much less trauma to the skin and was one of the first artists to utilize single-use needles and to use an autoclave for sterilization.
Sailor Jerry's last studio was at 1033 Smith Street in Honolulu's Chinatown, then the only place on the island where tattoo studios were located.
Popular symbols used by Sailor Jerry include:
- Bottles of booze
- The infamous "Aloha" monkey
- Eagles, falcons and other birds of prey
- Motor heads and pistons
- Nautical stars
- Classically styled scroll banners
- Knives, guns and other weapons
- Hawaii themes
- Pin-up girls
Sailor Jerry Ltd.
In 1999, Hardy and Malone partnered with a small independent Philadelphia clothing company to establish Sailor Jerry Ltd., which owns Collins' letters, art, and flash, and produces clothing and an idiosyncratic collection of other items, such as ash trays, sneakers, playing cards, churchkeys and shot glasses. As an anti-sweatshop company, Sailor Jerry Ltd. produces nearly all its items in the United States and sells them from the company’s web site. The company also showcases rising talents with its "Artist Series", which it describes as a way to "keep Sailor Jerry’s legacy alive and kicking".
Sailor Jerry Ltd. produces a 92 proof spiced Navy rum featuring a quintessential Sailor Jerry hula girl on the label. As the bottle is emptied, additional pin-up girls designed by Sailor Jerry are visible on the inner side of the label. The rum is distilled in the U.S. Virgin Islands. It takes its influence from Caribbean rum, which sailors would spice with flavors from the Far East and Asia to make it more enjoyable to drink. In 2010, the formula being sold in the United Kingdom was changed to include a less sweet taste.
- "Norman Keith Collins". Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- Margo DeMello (2007). Encyclopedia of Body Adornment. ABC-CLIO. pp. 74–. ISBN 978-0-313-33695-9. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
- Janey Levy (1 September 2008). Tattoos in Modern Society. The Rosen Publishing Group. pp. 47–. ISBN 978-1-4042-1829-1. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
- "Sailor Jerry gets revamp". Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- Sailor Jerry Festival
- Honolulu's Chinatown
- Hori Smoku Sailor Jerry – a feature-length documentary exploring the roots of American tattooing through the life of Norman "Sailor Jerry" Collins
- Sailor Jerry Ltd - Official Website
- Sailor Jerry Rum
- Norman Keith "Sailor Jerry" Jerry Collins at Find a Grave
- Sailor Jerry on Twitter