Black squirrel monkey

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Black squirrel monkey[1]
Saimiri vanzolinii Mamiraua 2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cebidae
Genus: Saimiri
S. vanzolinii
Binomial name
Saimiri vanzolinii
Ayres, 1985[3]
Saimiri vanzolinii distribution.svg
Geographic range

The black squirrel monkey (Saimiri vanzolinii), also known as the blackish squirrel monkey or black-headed squirrel monkey, is a small New World primate, endemic to the central Amazon in Brazil.[2] It largely resembles the female of the far more common Bolivian squirrel monkey, though the latter lacks the black central back.[4]

This squirrel monkey has one of the most restricted geographical distributions for a primate, living in várzea forest in the confluence of the Japura and Solimões rivers. Its entire range is within the Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve.[2]


  1. ^ Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 139. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ a b c Boubli, J.-P. & Rylands, A.B. (2008). "Saimiri vanzolinii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T19839A9023022. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T19839A9023022.en. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  3. ^ Ayres, J.M. (1985). "On a new species of squirrel monkey, genus Saimiri, from Brazilian Amazonia (Primates, Cebidae)". Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 36: 147-164.
  4. ^ Rowe, N. (1996). The Pictorial Guide to the Living Primates. Pogonia Press. ISBN 0-9648825-0-7.

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