The concept of the Sainik school originated in the mind of late V K Krishna Menon, who was India's first Defence Minister (1957-1962). He felt that a school run on military lines, in each state of India, would provide the intake to the National Defence Academy. Moreover, the high levels of physical, mental and intellectual attainments needed for induction into the Officer Cadre could not be nurtured in the common schools, mainly because of the lack of infrastructure facilities.
The Chief Minister of Kerala, Late Pattom Thanu Pillai, chose Kazhakootam to be the venue for Sainik School in the early sixties and an area of 300 acres (1.2 km2) of undulating terrain was acquired on a hillock, close to the National Highway. The school has 225 acres (0.91 km2) of land. The school is situated 18 km away from Thiruvananthapuram on the National Highway 47. The campus is nestled between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea.
The school came into being on 20 Jan 1962, in barracks lent by the Army at Pangode, Thiruvananthapuram. At inception 120 students joined the school in Classes V, VI, VII and VIII. Six months later Class IX began with 12 students. The present strength is 629 cadets. The Founder Principal was Lt Col BK Somaiah. The Headmaster was Sqn Ldr Babu Lal and the Registrar was Capt TVS Nair.
The foundation stone was laid by the late VK Krishna Menon, Minister of Defence on 5 Feb 1962. Prof. JC Alexander of the Engineering College, Thiruvananthapuram, was the architect who gave shape to the Academic Block and 11 dormitories. The school shifted to Kazhakootam in 1964.
The administration of Sainik schools is vested in an autonomous body known as Sainik Schools Society under Ministry of Defence, India. Sainik Schools Society is headed by the Board of Governors under the Chairmanship of RRM ( Raksha Rajya Mantri, Union Minister of Defence). The Chief Ministers/Education Ministers of the states where the Sainik schools are located, are members of the Board of Governors. There is a Local Board of Administration for each Sainik school with a senior defense service officer as its Chairman. The Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Southern Air Command, located at Thiruvananthapuram is the Chairman of the board for this Sainik school. The Principal, who is a military officer (of the rank of Colonel or its equivalent in Navy or the IAF) is the administrative and academic head of the institute. He is assisted by two other service officers viz. Vice Principal and Administrative Officer. The service officers are on deputation from the Ministry of Defense.
Admission is confined to Classes VI and IX, for boys only. The standard of the Entrance Examination would be equivalent to that of Standard V and VIII (CBSE) respectively
Age limits : Class VI: Boys who are not under ten years or over eleven years of age on first July of the year of admission. Class IX: Boys who are not under thirteen years or over fourteen years of age on first July of the year of admission and studying in Class VIII and IX
This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability or notability policies. Please improve this article by removing names that do not have independent reliable sources cited within this article showing they are notable and alumni or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations.(July 2011)