Sainshand

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Sainshand District

Сайншанд сум
ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠨᠱᠠᠩᠳᠠᠰᠤᠮᠤ
The train station in Sainshand
The train station in Sainshand
Sainshand District is located in Mongolia
Sainshand District
Sainshand District
Coordinates: 44°53′30″N 110°8′12″E / 44.89167°N 110.13667°E / 44.89167; 110.13667Coordinates: 44°53′30″N 110°8′12″E / 44.89167°N 110.13667°E / 44.89167; 110.13667
CountryMongolia
ProvinceDornogovi Province
Founded1931
Area
 • Total2,300 km2 (900 sq mi)
Elevation
961 m (3,153 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total24,772
 • Density11/km2 (28/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (UTC + 8)
Area code(s)(+976) 1522

Sainshand (Mongolian: Сайншанд; ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠨᠱᠠᠩᠳᠠ) is the capital of Dornogovi Province in Mongolia. It is located in the eastern Gobi desert steppe, on the Trans-Mongolian Railway.

Administration[edit]

The territory of Sainshand sum consists of 5 bags (communes). The first three bags make up the main part of the city, Övör (Southern), the fourth bag is the Ar (Northern) part, and the fifth bag is the remote oil production settlement Züünbayan, 46 kilometres (29 mi) south from the main part of the city.

Geography[edit]

The northern and southern parts are divided by a range of hills. The main Dornogovi Province institutions are located in the southern part of the city.

Population[edit]

The city has a population of 25,210 (2000 census), 19,548 (2006, est.[1]), 19,891(2008, est.[2]).

The population of the northern part was 4,944 at the end of 2006[1] and 4,822 at the end of 2008.[2] The population of the southern part was 12,687 at the end of 2006[1] and 13,463 at the end of 2008.[2]

Sights[edit]

The restored Buddhist monastery Khamariin Khiid (Khamar) is 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of the city and Sainshand itself. It houses a museum dedicated to the 19th century monastic and literary figure Danzanravjaa, a prominent leader of the Nyingma (Red Hat) school of Tibetan Buddhism.

Climate[edit]

Sainshand experiences a desert climate (Köppen BWk) with long, very dry, very cold winters and short, hot summers.

Climate data for Sainshand
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.1
(34.0)
13.1
(55.6)
21.6
(70.9)
29.4
(84.9)
36.7
(98.1)
40.0
(104.0)
39.5
(103.1)
38.4
(101.1)
32.6
(90.7)
26.6
(79.9)
14.3
(57.7)
6.2
(43.2)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F) −11.8
(10.8)
−6.7
(19.9)
3.0
(37.4)
14.1
(57.4)
22.5
(72.5)
27.5
(81.5)
29.4
(84.9)
27.5
(81.5)
20.8
(69.4)
12.0
(53.6)
−0.6
(30.9)
−9.8
(14.4)
10.7
(51.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −18.1
(−0.6)
−13.7
(7.3)
−4.2
(24.4)
5.9
(42.6)
14.5
(58.1)
20.4
(68.7)
22.7
(72.9)
20.9
(69.6)
13.6
(56.5)
4.4
(39.9)
−7.0
(19.4)
−15.6
(3.9)
3.6
(38.6)
Average low °C (°F) −22.8
(−9.0)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−10.9
(12.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
7.2
(45.0)
13.6
(56.5)
16.8
(62.2)
15.0
(59.0)
7.5
(45.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
−12.3
(9.9)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−2.4
(27.8)
Record low °C (°F) −35
(−31)
−35.8
(−32.4)
−27.1
(−16.8)
−22.6
(−8.7)
−10.2
(13.6)
3.2
(37.8)
7.2
(45.0)
5.6
(42.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
−17.1
(1.2)
−28
(−18)
−34.3
(−29.7)
−35.8
(−32.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.5
(0.02)
1.1
(0.04)
1.5
(0.06)
3.1
(0.12)
8.1
(0.32)
16.1
(0.63)
31.0
(1.22)
30.9
(1.22)
10.9
(0.43)
4.6
(0.18)
2.1
(0.08)
1.4
(0.06)
111.3
(4.38)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.7 1.6 2.8 5.4 4.4 1.8 1.0 0.6 0.4 19.5
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [3]

Transport[edit]

The railway station on the Trans-Mongolian Railway is found in the northern part. A 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) long section to the west contains the ruins of an abandoned Soviet military base.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Dorngovi aimag statistic service annual report 2006[dead link]
  2. ^ a b c Dorngovi aimag statistic service annual report 2008[dead link]
  3. ^ "Sainshand Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 15, 2013.

External links[edit]