Saint-André-de-Lancize

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Saint-André-de-Lancize
The temple of Rouve Bas: today desacralized, it is now a memorial devoted to the Camisard war in Bougès mountains (Cévennes)[1]
The temple of Rouve Bas: today desacralized, it is now a memorial devoted to the Camisard war in Bougès mountains (Cévennes)[1]
Location of Saint-André-de-Lancize
Saint-André-de-Lancize is located in France
Saint-André-de-Lancize
Saint-André-de-Lancize
Saint-André-de-Lancize is located in Occitanie
Saint-André-de-Lancize
Saint-André-de-Lancize
Coordinates: 44°15′32″N 3°48′40″E / 44.2589°N 3.8111°E / 44.2589; 3.8111Coordinates: 44°15′32″N 3°48′40″E / 44.2589°N 3.8111°E / 44.2589; 3.8111
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentLozère
ArrondissementFlorac
CantonLe Collet-de-Dèze
IntercommunalityVallée Longue et du Calbertois en Cévennes
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Violaine Martin
Area
1
22.78 km2 (8.80 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[2]
134
 • Density5.9/km2 (15/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
48136 /48240
Elevation376–1,351 m (1,234–4,432 ft)
(avg. 700 m or 2,300 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-André-de-Lancize is a commune in the Lozère department in southern France.

History[edit]

History of the commune is mainly marked by the Camisards revolt, which started on July 22, 1702, in Vieljouves, a hamlet located above the village of Le Rouve.[3][4] On the same evening, upon invitation by Salomon and David Couderc, two brothers living in Le Rouve, a group gathered around the woolcomber Abraham Mazel, a "prophet", who received a "divine" inspiration[5] giving him the instruction to deliver huguenots made prisoners and tortured by François Langlade, the abbé of Chayla at Pont-de-Montvert. The following Sunday was devoted to mobilize people who were volunteers to release prisoners. On July 24, fifty men, armed with some guns, axes and scythes, gathered on top of Bougès mountain, at a site named "Les treis Faus" or "Les trois fayards" (meaning "Three beeches" in Occitan and French language, respectively). On the same evening, around 10 AM, they entered Pont-de-Montvert while singing a psalm. They asked, as their only claim, to liberate prisoners. Upon refusal, they liberated them by force, in the course of a violent fight where François Langlade died.[6] So went the Camisards war, also called war of the Cévennes, which later on extended to the whole Cévennes area, and lasted two years.[7]

Places and monuments[edit]

The temple of Rouve-Bas, now desacralized and renovated by the commune, houses a place of memory dedicated to the Camisard insurrection in the Bougès (Cévennes) massif.

The place of memory is accessible to visitors:

  • Tuesday and Saturday from 3 to 6 PM in June and September.
  • Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday from 3 to 6 PM in July and August.

The visitor will find:

  • the projection of an audio-visual montage dedicated to the war of the Camisards.
  • an exhibition of documents (facsimiles) in three categories:
    • documents showing the theme of the projection, tracing the difficulties then incurred by the Protestants and the Camisard War itself.
    • documents on the very local implications of these events.
    • documents evoking some recent or current situations of resistance to oppression.

The guests are available to the public and books related to the Camisard War are offered for sale.

Evening entertainment takes place every year during the summer.

The opening of a lending library of historical works and novels around themes of freedom of conscience, toleration, open-mindedness, not to mention a youth department, is planned for the summer of 2018.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Le Temple du Rouve (English)". Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  3. ^ Pierre-Jean Ruff, 2008. Le Temple du Rouve: lieu de mémoire des Camisards. Editions Lacour-Ollé, Nîmes (in French).
  4. ^ Henry Mouysset, 2010. Les premiers Camisards: juillet 1702. Nouvelles Presses du Languedoc, Sète (in French).
  5. ^ Abraham Mazel, Élie Marion, Jacques Bonbonnoux, 1983. Mémoires sur la guerre des Camisards. Les Presses du Languedoc, Montpellier (in French).
  6. ^ Robert Poujol, 1986. Bourreau ou martyr? L'abbé du Chaila (1648-1702): du Siam aux Cévennes. Nouvelles Presses du Languedoc, Sète (in French).
  7. ^ Antoine Court de Gébelin, 2009. Histoire des troubles des Cévennes ou de la guerre des camisards sous le règne de Louis le Grand, réédition de l'oeuvre originale imprimée en 1760. Editions Lacour-Ollé, Nîmes (in French).[1]

External links[edit]