Saint-Avold

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Saint-Avold
Eastern end of Abbey of Saint-Nabor
Eastern end of Abbey of Saint-Nabor
Coat of arms of Saint-Avold
Coat of arms
Location of Saint-Avold
Saint-Avold is located in France
Saint-Avold
Saint-Avold
Saint-Avold is located in Grand Est
Saint-Avold
Saint-Avold
Coordinates: 49°06′37″N 6°42′38″E / 49.1102°N 6.7106°E / 49.1102; 6.7106Coordinates: 49°06′37″N 6°42′38″E / 49.1102°N 6.7106°E / 49.1102; 6.7106
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentMoselle
ArrondissementForbach-Boulay-Moselle
CantonSaint-Avold
IntercommunalitySaint-Avold Synergie
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) André Wojciechowski (PR)
Area
1
35.48 km2 (13.70 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
15,861
 • Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
57606 /57500
Elevation215–383 m (705–1,257 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Avold (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃t‿avɔl]; German: Sankt Avold; Alemannic German: Sänt Avor, Sänt Avuur) is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

It is situated twenty-eight miles (45 km) east of Metz, France and seventeen miles (27 km) southwest of Saarbrücken, Germany.

History[edit]

The Saint-Avold area has frequently suffered invasions and since the nineteenth century has been controlled alternately by German and French authorities.

The original Abbey of Saint Nabor began as an oratory for a sixth-century monastery. Gradually a complex developed after it received the relics of Saint Nabor, and the church was rebuilt in the eighteenth century, in part following Baroque style. It was designated as a basilica.

During the French Revolution, the monastery and church suffered extensive damage; the cloisters were destroyed. The ancient parish church was sacrificed in exchange for keeping Saint Nabor. The abbey also suffered bombing damage during World War II, but much of the church has hence been restored.

Lorraine American Cemetery[edit]

Just north of the town is the site of Europe's largest United States' World War II military cemetery, the Lorraine American Cemetery and Memorial, with the graves of 10,489 American soldiers who died during World War II. Most of the men were killed during the United States' drive to expel German forces from the fortress city of Metz toward the Siegfried Line and the Rhine River. The soldiers were mostly from the U.S. Seventh Army's Infantry and Armored divisions and its cavalry groups.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[3]

Climate data for Saint-Avold
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4
(39)
6
(42)
11
(52)
15
(59)
19
(67)
22
(72)
24
(76)
24
(75)
21
(69)
15
(59)
9
(48)
4
(40)
14
(58)
Average low °C (°F) −2
(29)
−2
(29)
1
(34)
4
(40)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
13
(55)
10
(50)
6
(42)
2
(36)
−1
(31)
6
(42)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 5.1
(2)
4.1
(1.6)
4.8
(1.9)
4.6
(1.8)
5.1
(2)
5.8
(2.3)
6.9
(2.7)
6.4
(2.5)
5.6
(2.2)
6.6
(2.6)
6.1
(2.4)
6.4
(2.5)
67
(26.4)
Source: Weatherbase [4]

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Louis Aloyse Risse (1850-1925), engineer born in Saint-Avold who designed the Grand Concourse in the Bronx in New York.
  • Erich Isselhorst, (1906–1942), Nazi war criminal, executed in Strasbourg in 1948

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Lorraine American Cemetery and Memorial", American Battle Monument Commission
  3. ^ Climate Summary for Saint-Avold, France
  4. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on July 6, 2013.

External links[edit]