Saint-Constant, Quebec

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Saint-Constant
Canadian Railway Museum (located in Saint-Constant)
Canadian Railway Museum (located in Saint-Constant)
Location within Roussillon RCM
Location within Roussillon RCM
Saint-Constant is located in Southern Quebec
Saint-Constant
Saint-Constant
Location in southern Quebec
Coordinates: 45°22′N 73°34′W / 45.37°N 73.57°W / 45.37; -73.57Coordinates: 45°22′N 73°34′W / 45.37°N 73.57°W / 45.37; -73.57[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontérégie
RCMRoussillon
ConstitutedJuly 1, 1855
Government
 • MayorJean-Claude Boyer
 • Federal ridingLa Prairie
 • Prov. ridingSanguinet
Area
 • Total57.30 km2 (22.12 sq mi)
 • Land56.83 km2 (21.94 sq mi)
Population
 • Total27,359
 • Density478.9/km2 (1,240/sq mi)
 • Pop 2011-2016
Increase 9.5%
 • Dwellings
10,111
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)450 and 579
Highways
A-30
A-730

Route 132
Route 209
Websitewww.ville.saint-constant.qc.ca

Saint-Constant is a city in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It is located on the south shore of Montreal in the Roussillon Regional County Municipality of the Montérégie region. The population as of the Canada 2016 Census was 27,359.

History[edit]

Early settlement took place in 1725 as a result of the opening of the St. Pierre concession. The Côte Saint-Pierre mission (first name of the parish) began in 1750 with the construction of a church and two years later, the parish registers opened. Rang Saint-Pierre was the central concession of the Sault-Saint-Louis seigneurie and extended into the seigneurie of LaSalle. In 1815 Rang Saint-Pierre was nicknamed "Black Cattle Road" because it was the way cattle were transported from New York to Montreal. Centrally located in what was then Laprairie County, the village of Saint-Constant was the only location of voting from 1829 to 1841. Residents of the area witnessed or took part in the Lower Canada Rebellion of 1837-1838.

Local administrative structures emerged in Saint-Constant in 1845 with the introduction of the parish municipality and the school board. However, the vast territory of the parish of Saint-Constant was already subdivided for Saint-Rémi (1840), Saint-Édouard (1833), and Saint-Isidore (1833). This trend continued with the establishment of Saint-Michel (1854), Saint-Mathieu (1919) and Sainte-Thérèse-de-Delson (1932). One of the mayors, Solime Cardinal (1815–1897), was the maternal grandfather of Charles-Émile "Charley" Trudeau, a successful French Canadian entrepreneur who became the father of Pierre Elliott Trudeau, 15th Prime Minister of Canada, and grandfather of Justin Trudeau, 23rd and current Prime Minister of Canada.

Saint-Constant was transformed by the construction of the Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. The electrification of the village occurred around 1918 and rural electrification was completed in 1939. The Rue Saint-Pierre was extended from Montées des Bouleaux/Rue Sainte-Catherine, in the direction of Route 132 in 1950. Starting in the 1950s, suburban development occurred in Saint-Constant, allowing it to obtain city status in 1973.

Demographics[edit]

Canada census – Saint-Constant, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 24,980 (+4.3% from 2006) 23,957 (+6.1% from 2001)
Land area: 56.83 km2 (21.94 sq mi) 57.30 km2 (22.12 sq mi)
Population density: 439.5/km2 (1,138/sq mi) 418.1/km2 (1,083/sq mi)
Median age: 38.0 (M: 37.7, F: 38.4) 36.2 (M: 35.9, F: 36.6)
Total private dwellings: 9,109 8,467
Median household income: $78,274 $69,573
References: 2011[4] 2006[6] earlier[7]
Historical Census Data - Saint-Constant, Quebec[8]
YearPop.±%
1991 18,424—    
1996 21,933+19.0%
2001 22,577+2.9%
2006 23,957+6.1%
2011 24,980+4.3%
2016 27,265+9.1%
Canada Census Mother Tongue - Saint-Constant, Quebec[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2016
26,695
22,905 Increase 5.6% 85.80% 1,430 Increase 13.9% 5.35% 330 Increase 29.4% 1.23% 2,355 Increase 55.96% 8.82%
2011
24,705
21,685 Decrease 0.3% 87.78% 1,255 Increase 17.3% 5.08% 255 Increase 96.2% 1.03% 1,510 Increase 67.8% 6.11%
2006
23,850
21,750 Increase 6.2% 91.19% 1,070 Decrease 3.6% 4.49% 130 Increase 8.3% 0.55% 900 Increase 15.4% 3.77%
2001
22,490
20,480 Increase 3.7% 91.06% 1,110 Increase 7.8% 4.94% 120 Decrease 38.5% 0.53% 780 Decrease 14.8% 3.47%
1996
21,885
19,745 n/a 90.22% 1,030 n/a 4.71% 195 n/a 0.89% 915 n/a 4.18%

Transportation[edit]

Local bus service in Saint-Constant is provided by the Réseau de transport métropolitain's Roussillon sector. Saint-Constant is also served by the Saint-Constant and Sainte-Catherine stations on the Réseau de transport métropolitain's Candiac line.

Attractions[edit]

Saint-Constant is home to the Canadian Railway Museum.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 55854 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Saint-Constant
  3. ^ Riding history for Châteauguay–Saint-Constant, Quebec from the Library of Parliament
  4. ^ a b "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
  5. ^ http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=2467035&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=Saint-Constant&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&TABID=1
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016census

External links[edit]