Saint-Constant, Quebec

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Saint-Constant
City
Location within Roussillon RCM
Location within Roussillon RCM
Saint-Constant is located in Southern Quebec
Saint-Constant
Saint-Constant
Location in southern Quebec
Coordinates: 45°22′N 73°34′W / 45.37°N 73.57°W / 45.37; -73.57Coordinates: 45°22′N 73°34′W / 45.37°N 73.57°W / 45.37; -73.57[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montérégie
RCM Roussillon
Constituted July 1, 1855
Government[2][3]
 • Mayor Jean-Claude Boyer
 • Federal riding La Prairie
 • Prov. riding Sanguinet
Area[2][4]
 • Total 57.30 km2 (22.12 sq mi)
 • Land 56.83 km2 (21.94 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4]
 • Total 24,980
 • Density 439.5/km2 (1,138/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 4.3%
 • Dwellings 9,109
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J5A
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways
A-30
A-730

Route 132
Route 209
Website www.ville.saint-constant.qc.ca

Saint-Constant is city in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It is located on the south shore of Montreal in the Roussillon Regional County Municipality of the Montérégie region. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 24,980.

History[edit]

Early settlement took place in 1725 as a result of the opening of the St. Pierre concession. The Côte Saint-Pierre mission (first name of the parish) began in 1750 with the construction of a church and two years later, the parish registers opened. Rang Saint-Pierre was the central concession of the Sault-Saint-Louis seigneurie and extended into the seigneurie of LaSalle. In 1815 Rang Saint-Pierre was nicknamed "Black Cattle Road" because it was the way cattle was transported from New York to Montreal. Centrally located in what was then Laprairie County, the village of Saint-Constant was the only location of voting from 1829 to 1841. Residents of the area witnessed or took part in the Lower Canada Rebellion of 1837-1838.

Local administrative structures emerged in Saint-Constant in 1845 with the introduction of the parish municipality and the school board. However, the vast territory of the parish of Saint-Constant was already subdivided for Saint-Rémi (1840), Saint-Édouard (1833), and Saint-Isidore (1833). This trend continued with the establishment of Saint-Michel (1854), Saint-Mathieu (1919) and Sainte-Thérèse-de-Delson (1932). One of the mayors, Solime Cardinal (1815–1897), was the maternal grandfather of Charles-Émile "Charley" Trudeau, a successful French Canadian entrepreneur who became the father of Pierre Elliott Trudeau, 15th Prime Minister of Canada, and grandfather of Justin Trudeau, 23rd and current Prime Minister of Canada.

Saint-Constant was transformed by the construction of the Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. The electrification of the village occurred around 1918 and rural electrification was completed in 1939. The Rue Saint-Pierre was extended from Montées des Bouleaux/Rue Sainte-Catherine, in the direction of Route 132 in 1950. Starting in the 1950s, suburban development occurred in Saint-Constant, allowing it to obtain city status in 1973.

Demographics[edit]

Canada census – Saint-Constant, Quebec community profile
2011 2006 2001
Population: 24,980 (+4.3% from 2006) 23,957 (+6.1% from 2001) 22,577 (+2.9% from 1996)
Land area: 56.83 km2 (21.94 sq mi) 57.30 km2 (22.12 sq mi) 57.30 km2 (22.12 sq mi)
Population density: 439.5/km2 (1,138/sq mi) 418.1/km2 (1,083/sq mi) 394.0/km2 (1,020/sq mi)
Median age: 38.0 (M: 37.7, F: 38.4) 36.2 (M: 35.9, F: 36.6) 34.8 (M: 34.4, F: 35.2)
Total private dwellings: 9,109 8,467 7,720
Median household income: $78,274 $69,573 $60,031
References: 2011[4] 2006[5] 2001[6]
Historical Census Data - Saint-Constant, Quebec[7]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 18,424 —    
1996 21,933 +19.0%
2001 22,577 +2.9%
2006 23,957 +6.1%
2011 24,980 +4.3%
Canada Census Mother Tongue - Saint-Constant, Quebec[7]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
24,705
21,685 Decrease 0.3% 87.78% 1,255 Increase 17.3% 5.08% 255 Increase 96.2% 1.03% 1,510 Increase 67.8% 6.11%
2006
23,850
21,750 Increase 6.2% 91.19% 1,070 Decrease 3.6% 4.49% 130 Increase 8.3% 0.55% 900 Increase 15.4% 3.77%
2001
22,490
20,480 Increase 3.7% 91.06% 1,110 Increase 7.8% 4.94% 120 Decrease 38.5% 0.53% 780 Decrease 14.8% 3.47%
1996
21,885
19,745 n/a 90.22% 1,030 n/a 4.71% 195 n/a 0.89% 915 n/a 4.18%

Transportation[edit]

Local bus service in Saint-Constant is provided by CIT Roussillon. Saint-Constant is also served by Saint-Constant station and Sainte-Catherine station on the Agence métropolitaine de transport's Candiac line.

Attractions[edit]

Saint-Constant is home to the Canadian Railway Museum.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 55854 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Saint-Constant
  3. ^ Riding history for Châteauguay–Saint-Constant, Quebec from the Library of Parliament
  4. ^ a b c 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Saint-Constant, Quebec Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "cp2011" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  7. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External links[edit]