Saint-Dizier

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Saint-Dizier
Saint-Dizier Eglise Notre-Dame 200908.jpg
Coat of arms of Saint-Dizier
Coat of arms
Saint-Dizier is located in France
Saint-Dizier
Saint-Dizier
Coordinates: 48°38′18″N 4°56′59″E / 48.6383°N 4.9497°E / 48.6383; 4.9497Coordinates: 48°38′18″N 4°56′59″E / 48.6383°N 4.9497°E / 48.6383; 4.9497
Country France
Region Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine
Department Haute-Marne
Arrondissement Saint-Dizier
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) François Cornut-Gentille
Area1 47.69 km2 (18.41 sq mi)
Population (1999)2 30,900
 • Density 650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 52448 / 52100

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Dizier (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃.di.zje]) is a commune in the Haute-Marne department in north-eastern France.

It has a population of 31,000 (2003 figure) and is a subprefecture of the department. Although Saint-Dizier is marginally the most populous commune in Haute-Marne, the préfecture (capital) resides in the somewhat smaller commune of Chaumont.

Geography[edit]

Aerial view

Located approximately 120 miles (193 km) east of Paris, halfway to Strasbourg, it is five miles from Western Europe's largest man-made lake, Lake Der-Chantecoq.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Saint-Dizier (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
22.6
(72.7)
25.2
(77.4)
29.4
(84.9)
31.8
(89.2)
36.8
(98.2)
39.0
(102.2)
40.4
(104.7)
33.7
(92.7)
29.2
(84.6)
23.4
(74.1)
18.6
(65.5)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43)
7.6
(45.7)
11.7
(53.1)
15.4
(59.7)
19.7
(67.5)
22.8
(73)
25.5
(77.9)
25.1
(77.2)
20.8
(69.4)
16.0
(60.8)
10.0
(50)
6.6
(43.9)
15.7
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.3
(32.5)
2.8
(37)
4.9
(40.8)
9.1
(48.4)
12.0
(53.6)
14.1
(57.4)
13.7
(56.7)
10.6
(51.1)
7.7
(45.9)
3.6
(38.5)
1.3
(34.3)
6.7
(44.1)
Record low °C (°F) −19.5
(−3.1)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−13.6
(7.5)
−6.0
(21.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
2.2
(36)
3.2
(37.8)
3.7
(38.7)
0.2
(32.4)
−5.1
(22.8)
−11.7
(10.9)
−17.3
(0.9)
−22.5
(−8.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 71.8
(2.827)
60.5
(2.382)
66.2
(2.606)
60.2
(2.37)
72.4
(2.85)
65.9
(2.594)
70.4
(2.772)
68.8
(2.709)
74.2
(2.921)
78.6
(3.094)
69.5
(2.736)
85.2
(3.354)
843.7
(33.217)
Average precipitation days 12.2 10.6 11.8 10.4 11.0 10.3 9.6 9.0 9.6 11.4 12.2 13.1 131.1
Average snowy days 6.3 5.2 3.6 1.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5 4.5 23.6
Average relative humidity (%) 86 81 78 73 74 75 74 77 81 85 87 86 79.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 66.4 80.3 136.8 174.2 210.7 220.0 228.0 220.5 166.3 117.7 58.4 47.6 1,726.9
Source #1: Météo France[1][2]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[3]

History[edit]

Named after an unknown saint (possibly Desiderius of Fontenelle), the town originated as a fortified settlement around a thirteenth-century château, eventually becoming a royal fortress to guard the French kingdom's eastern approaches. The town was besieged and captured by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, in the summer of 1544. A fire in 1775 destroyed two-thirds of the town centre. The château was owned by the Orléans family until the French Revolution, was a base for German troops during World War II, and currently houses the Municipal Museum.

Notable people[edit]

Saint-Dizier is the birthplace of

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Saint-Dizier" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Climat Champagne-Ardenne" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Saint-Dizier - Robinson (52) - altitude 139m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 

External links[edit]