Saint-Gaudens National Historical Park
Saint-Gaudens National Historical Park
Statues on exhibit
|Location||Cornish, New Hampshire|
|Area||370 acres (150 ha)|
175 acres (71 ha) federal
|Built||1817 (main house)|
|NRHP reference No.||66000120 (original)|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Boundary increase||October 2, 2013|
|Designated NHS||August 31, 1964|
|Designated NHL||June 13, 1962|
Saint-Gaudens National Historical Park in Cornish, New Hampshire, preserves the home, gardens, and studios of Augustus Saint-Gaudens (1848–1907), one of America's foremost sculptors. This was his summer residence from 1885 to 1897, his permanent home from 1900 until his death in 1907, and the center of the Cornish Art Colony. There are two hiking trails that explore the park's natural areas. Original sculptures are on exhibit, along with reproductions of his greatest masterpieces. It is located on Saint-Gaudens Road in Cornish, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) off New Hampshire Route 12A.
Saint-Gaudens purchased the property in 1885 at the urging of Charles Cotesworth Beaman Jr., a friend and New York City lawyer, who had purchased the nearby Blow-Me-Down Farm (now also part of the historic site) and established it as a summer residence. He called it "Aspet" after the town of his father's birth in France. Saint-Gaudens established a studio, and produced work here every summer, and lived here year-round from 1900 until his death in 1907. Beaman's summer estate was a center of activity of the Cornish Art Colony. After the death of Saint-Gaudens' wife Augusta in 1926, Aspet was transferred to the Saint-Gaudens Memorial, a non-profit organization, established by Augusta Saint-Gaudens in 1919. The Memorial ran the property as a museum from 1927 until it was transferred to the National Park Service (NPS) in 1965. The Trustees of the Memorial continue to support the preservation and development of the park and to provide public programming.
The estate was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1962 and administratively listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. The Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site was authorized by Congress on August 31, 1964, and established on May 30, 1977. Besides a portion of the Appalachian National Scenic Trail, this is the only NPS site in New Hampshire. The NPS later acquired two adjacent properties associated with Saint-Gaudens and the Cornish Art Colony, which were formally incorporated in the National Historic Site in 2000. The John D. Dingell Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act, signed into law March 12, 2019, redesignated the national historic site as a national historical park.
The centerpieces of Aspet are its main house, built 1816-17 with Federal styling, which underwent a series of alterations by Saint-Gaudens, with design work by George Fletcher Babb, and the Little Studio, also designed by Babb and built in 1903-04 to replace earlier studios. The grounds are landscaped with hedges and terraced gardens, in which reproductions of works by Saint-Gaudens are displayed. The gardens were designed by Saint-Gaudens and landscape architect Ellen Shipman. The grounds also include an outdoor room, the Pan Grove, a collaborative design of Babb and Saint-Gaudens, featuring an 8-foot by 4-foot green marble pool set in a birch grove with a statue of the Greek god Pan.
American sculptor Lawrence Nowlan was an artist-in-residence at Saint-Gaudens for five summers from 1995 to 1997 and again from 2001 to 2002. He received his first major commission to design the Wildland Firefighters National Monument while working and studying at Saint-Gaudens.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in New Hampshire
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Sullivan County, New Hampshire
- The National Parks: Index 2001–2003. Washington: U.S. Department of the Interior.
- "Nature & Science". National Park Service: Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Augustus Saint-Gaudens Memorial". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2004-05-17. Retrieved 2007-10-22.
- "NRHP nomination for Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site (2013 increase)" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2014-07-14.
- "Text - S.47 - John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act". United States Congress. 2019-03-12. Retrieved 2019-03-12.
- "Sculptor commissioned to complete Joe Frazier statue has died". Barre Montpelier Times Argus. 2013-08-02. Archived from the original on 2014-02-21. Retrieved 2013-08-27.
- Hanson, Alex (2013-08-01). "Death of Sculptor Larry Nowlan of Windsor Called a 'Big, Big Loss'". Valley News. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint-Gaudens National Historical Park.|
- Official website
- Trustees of the Saint-Gaudens Memorial
- Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site: Home of a Gilded Age Icon, a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) lesson plan
- Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Master Sculptor, exhibition catalog fully online as PDF from The Metropolitan Museum of Art