Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec

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This article is about the Quebec community. For the associated federal electoral district, see St. Hyacinthe (electoral district).
"St. Hyacinthe" redirects here. For other uses, see Saint Hyacinthe (disambiguation).
Parc Casimir-Dessaules.
Parc Casimir-Dessaules.
Official seal of Saint-Hyacinthe
Location within Les Maskoutains RCM.
Location within Les Maskoutains RCM.
Saint-Hyacinthe is located in Southern Quebec
Location in southern Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°37′N 72°57′W / 45.617°N 72.950°W / 45.617; -72.950Coordinates: 45°37′N 72°57′W / 45.617°N 72.950°W / 45.617; -72.950[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montérégie
RCM Les Maskoutains
Founded 1849
Constituted December 27, 2001
 • Mayor Claude Corbeil
 • Federal riding Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot
 • Prov. riding Saint-Hyacinthe
 • City 191.60 km2 (73.98 sq mi)
 • Land 188.69 km2 (72.85 sq mi)
 • Metro[5] 326.76 km2 (126.16 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4]
 • City 53,236
 • Density 282.1/km2 (731/sq mi)
 • Metro[5] 56,794
 • Metro density 173.8/km2 (450/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 3.1%
 • Dwellings 25,774
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J2S
Area code(s) 450 and 579
A-20 (TCH)

Route 116
Route 137
Route 224
Route 231
Route 235
Website www.ville.
Former Mayors' Gateway

Saint-Hyacinthe (/ˌsnt jæˈsɛnt/; French: [sɛ̃tijasɛ̃t]) is a city in southwestern Quebec east of Montreal on the Yamaska River. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 53,236. The city is located in Les Maskoutains Regional County Municipality of the Montérégie region, and is traversed by the Yamaska River which flows perpendicular to Quebec Autoroute 20. Saint-Hyacinthe is the seat of the judicial district of the same name.[6]


At the time of its establishment in 1849, the village of Saint-Hyacinthe had a population of 10,200. A year later it was made a town, and in 1857 it was made a city. The city is named for Saint Hyacinth.

2001 Merger[edit]

As part of the 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec, on December 27, 2001, the city of Saint-Hyacinthe amalgamated with five neighbouring towns (listed here with their populations as of 2001):



Historical Census Data - Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec[9]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 39,292 —    
1996 38,981 −0.8%
1996A 38,995 +0.0%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 38,739 −0.7%
2001M 50,394 +30.1%
2006 51,616 +2.4%
Year Pop. ±%
2011 53,236 +3.1%
(A) adjustment due to boundary change.
(M) merger with Sainte-Rosalie, Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin, Sainte-Rosalie Parish, Saint-Hyacinthe-le-Confesseur and Notre-Dame-de-Saint-Hyacinthe on Dec 27, 2001.


Canada Census Mother Tongue - Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec[9]
Census Total
French & English
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
49,235 Increase 2.2% 95.24% 425 Increase 46.6% 0.82% 210 Increase 68.0% 0.41% 1,825 Increase 32.7% 3.53%
48,165 Increase 33.5% 96.42% 290 Increase 7.4% 0.58% 125 Increase 31.6% 0.25% 1,375 Increase 139.1% 2.75%
36,085 Decrease 1.8% 97.46% 270 Decrease 27.0% 0.73% 95 Decrease 17.4% 0.26% 575 Increase 26.4% 1.55%
36,730 n/a 97.50% 370 n/a 0.98% 115 n/a 0.31% 455 n/a 1.21%


Agriculture and its related derivates are at the heart of Saint-Hyacinthe's economic infrastructure. The city has been nicknamed the "Agricultural technopolis of Canada", because it is home to several research institutions in the field such as the centre de recherche sur les aliments (CRDA), the Institut de recherche et développement en agro-environnement (IRDA), the institut de technologie agroalimentaire (ITA) and the head office of the Artificial Insemination Center of Quebec (CIAQ).

Saint-Hyacinthe hosts numerous agriculture related events such as fairs, exposition and congresses and acts a hub in the field. So much so that the Agricultural Hall of Fame of Quebec decided to move there from Quebec city to give itself more visibility in the community.[10]

In addition, it is also home to Letourneau, the Casavant Frères pipe organ builders and Intact Financial, formerly known as Le Groupe Commerce.



The South Shore Protestant Regional School Board previously served the municipality.[13] In association with the University of Montreal, Saint-Hyacinthe is home to the only veterinary medicine faculty of Quebec and coincidentally the only such school where tuition is provided in French.


From 1989 to 1996 the city had a team in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League known as the Saint-Hyacinthe Laser. From 2001 to 2009 the city was represented in the Ligue Nord-Americaine de Hockey (known as the QSPHL until 2004) by the Saint-Hyacinthe Cousin (2001–05), Saint-Hyacinthe Cristal (2005–06), Saint-Hyacinthe Top Design (2006–08) and Saint-Hyacinthe Chiefs (2008-09). The city's main hockey arena is the historic Stade L.P. Gaucher, which was built in 1937.[14]


Notable People[edit]

The following individuals were born or grew up in the region of St-Hyacinthe:


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Reference number 56749 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Saint-Hyacinthe
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-HYACINTHE—BAGOT (Quebec)
  4. ^ a b c 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "cp2011" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  5. ^ a b 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec (Census agglomeration). The census agglomeration consists of Saint-Hyacinthe, Saint-Dominique, Saint-Simon. In the 2006 census, the census agglomeration had not included Saint-Dominique, but had included La Présentation and Saint-Barnabé-Sud.
  6. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-15. 
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-03-15. 
  9. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  10. ^ Jean-Luc Lorry (April 23, 2013). "Le Temple de la renommée de l'agriculture sera érigé sur le site de l'Expo" [The Hall of Fame will be erected on the Expo site]. (in French). Le Courrier de Saint-Hyacinthe. Retrieved December 14, 2014. 
  11. ^ Ville Saint-Hyacinthe transport en commun
  12. ^ Train-bus service Saint-Hyacinthe / Mont-Saint-Hilaire
  13. ^ King, M.J. (Chairperson of the board). "South Shore Protestant Regional School Board" (St. Johns, PQ). The News and Eastern Townships Advocate. Volume 119, No. 5. Thursday December 16, 1965. p. 2. Retrieved from Google News on November 23, 2014.
  14. ^

External links[edit]