|Overseas region||French Guiana|
Saint-Jean-du-Maroni was established in 1857 as a sub camp of the penal colony Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, where the convicts had to perform forced labour. When the first prisoners arrived in Camp de la Rélégation on 20 June 1887, nothing was ready and they had to built the camp themselves. Most prisoners were housed in straw huts. The camps were abolished in 1946.
In 1987, Jacques Chirac as Prime Minister established Zones of Collective Use Rights (ZDUC). Saint-Jean-du-Maroni is the only Ndyuka village in France with a ZDUC status. ZDUC means that the village has communal land for hunting, fishing, agriculture and gathering.
During 27 and 28 June 1988, a secret meeting was held in Saint-Jean-du-Maroni between the Suriname National Army, Jungle Commando, and France as mediator to discuss peace after the Surinamese Interior War which resulted in the 1989 Kourou ceasefire accords.
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- "St Laurent du Maroni travel". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Prison Railways in French Guiana, 2014". International Steam. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
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- "Qui sommes-nous?". RSMA Guyane.fr (in French). Retrieved 31 May 2020.
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