Saint-Junien

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Saint-Junien
Collegiate church
Coat of arms of Saint-Junien
Coat of arms
Saint-Junien is located in France
Saint-Junien
Saint-Junien
Coordinates: 45°53′17″N 0°54′07″E / 45.8881°N 0.9019°E / 45.8881; 0.9019Coordinates: 45°53′17″N 0°54′07″E / 45.8881°N 0.9019°E / 45.8881; 0.9019
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Haute-Vienne
Arrondissement Rochechouart
Canton Saint-Junien-Est, Saint-Junien-Ouest
Intercommunality Vienne Glane
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Pierre Allard
Area1 56.82 km2 (21.94 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 11,960
 • Density 210/km2 (550/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 87154 /87200
Elevation 157–317 m (515–1,040 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Junien (Occitan: Sent Junian) is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France. Its sister city is Charleroi, Belgium.

History[edit]

The history of Saint-Junien began in AD 500, when an ascetic of Hungarian origin, Saint Amand, chose to live on the north bank of the Vienne River at a place called Comodoliac.

Ruricius, bishop of Limoges, offered him a humble cell. At this time, Junian (Junien), originally from the north of France and son of a Count of Cambrai, left his family at the age of 15 and became a disciple of Saint Amand. It is said that Junian knocked on the door of Amand, who did not answer. Junian had to sleep outside, and the snow miraculously spared him during the night. He then lived as a hermit and, after the passing of his master, he lived where the collegiate church stands nowadays.

In 593, Gregory of Tours was impressed by the importance of the pilgrimage to the saint's tomb. An urban area was quickly created around the abbey built in honor of the saint. However, this monastery was destroyed by the Vikings in 866. By the end of the 13th century, high walls were built around the city.

Saint-Junien is a city of strong communist tradition, marked by the municipality of Roland Mazoin, (mayor from 1965 to 2001), now headed by Pierre Allard, member of the Alternative Democracy Socialism (fr) (locally implanted party born of a split with the PCF). This peculiarity is largely inherited from the importance of the industrial sector of glove making, especially in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, like Limoges.

Demographics[edit]

Inhabitants are known as Saint-Juniauds.

Personnality[edit]

  • Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, July 16, 1796 – February 22, 1875) was a French landscape and portrait painter as well as a printmaker in etching. He is a pivotal figure in landscape painting and his vast output simultaneously references the Neo-Classical tradition and anticipates the plein-air innovations of Impressionism.
  • On the day of the American investiture of Donald Trump, his wife Melania Trump wore gloves specially made for the occasion by the company Agnelle based in Saint-Junien.
  • Adolf Diekmann, was passing through Saint-Junien to make a massacre in Oradour-sur-Glane.
  • Robert Hébras, (1925-), resistant survivor of the Oradour-sur-Glane massacre.
  • Sophie Vouzelaud, 1st dolphin of Miss France 2007.
  • Maurice Arreckx, (1917-2001), political personality.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]